Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Burkina Faso (2003)

Burkina Faso - select year:
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso (2001) (compare)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso (2002) (compare)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso (2004) (compare)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso (2005) (compare)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso (2006) (compare)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso (2007) (compare)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Burkina Faso 2003 year

 Burkina Faso
Administrative divisions 45 provinces; Bale, Bam, Banwa, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Comoe, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Ioba, Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komondjari, Kompienga, Kossi, Koulpelogo, Kouritenga, Kourweogo, Leraba, Loroum, Mouhoun, Namentenga, Nahouri, Nayala, Noumbiel, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Tuy, Yagha, Yatenga, Ziro, Zondoma, Zoundweogo
Age structure 0-14 years: 46.1% (male 3,057,855; female 3,036,705)

15-64 years: 51% (male 3,296,726; female 3,455,817)

65 years and over: 2.9% (male 161,914; female 219,443) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Airports 33 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 31

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 11

under 914 m: 17 (2002)
Area total: 274,200 sq km

land: 273,800 sq km

water: 400 sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than Colorado
Background Independence from France came to Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens. Every year, several hundred thousand seasonal farm workers seek employment in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana and are adversely affected by instability in those regions.
Birth rate 44.78 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $316 million

expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001)
Capital Ouagadougou
Climate tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Constitution 2 June 1991 approved by referendum; 11 June 1991 formally adopted
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Burkina Faso

former: Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Death rate 18.76 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $1.3 billion (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Anthony HOLMES

embassy: 602 Avenue Raoul Follereau, Koulouba, Secteur 4

mailing address: 01 B. P. 35, Ouagadougou 01; pouch mail - U. S. Department of State, 2440 Ouagadougou Place, Washington, DC 20521-2440

telephone: [226] 306723

FAX: [226] 303890
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Tertius ZONGO

chancery: 2340 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 332-5577

FAX: [1] (202) 667-1882
Disputes - international two villages are in dispute along the border with Benin; Burkina Faso border regions have become a staging area for Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire rebels and an asylum for refugees caught in regional fighting; the Ivorian Government accuses Burkina Faso of supporting Ivorian rebels
Economic aid - recipient $484.1 million (1995)
Economy - overview One of the poorest countries in the world, landlocked Burkina Faso has few natural resources, a fragile soil, and a highly unequal distribution of income. About 90% of the population is engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture, which is vulnerable to variations in rainfall. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the African franc currency devaluation in January 1994 the government updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies, and exports and economic growth have increased. Maintenance of macroeconomic progress depends on continued low inflation, reduction in the trade deficit, and reforms designed to encourage private investment. The internal crisis in neighboring Cote d'Ivoire continues to hurt trade and industrial prospects and deepens the need for international assistance.
Electricity - consumption 259.6 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 279.2 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 69.9%

hydro: 30.1%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m

highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m
Environment - current issues recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
Ethnic groups Mossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Exchange rates Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.7 (1999), 589.95 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987)

head of government: Prime Minister Ernest Paramanga YONLI (since 6 November 2000)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 15 November 1998 (next to be held NA 2005); in April 2000, the constitution was amended reducing the presidential term from seven to five years, enforceable as of 2005, and allowing the president to be reelected only once; it is unclear whether this amendment will be applied retroactively or not; prime minister appointed by the president with the consent of the legislature

election results: Blaise COMPAORE reelected president with 87.5% percent of the vote

note: President COMPAORE faces an increasingly well-coordinated opposition; recent charges against a former member of his Presidential Guard in the 1998 assassination of a newspaper editor signify an attempt to defuse chronic areas of dissatisfaction
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $250 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities cotton, livestock, gold
Exports - partners Singapore 14.7%, Italy 11.3%, Colombia 8.6%, France 7.7%, India 6.9%, Ghana 6%, Japan 4.4%, Thailand 4.3% (2002)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
GDP purchasing power parity - $14.51 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 35%

industry: 17%

services: 48% (2001)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4.6% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 00 N, 2 00 W
Geography - note landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas
Highways total: 12,506 km

paved: 2,001 km

unpaved: 10,505 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 2%

highest 10%: 46.8% (1994)
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $525 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum
Imports - partners France 27.7%, Cote d'Ivoire 23%, Togo 4.3% (2002)
Independence 5 August 1960 (from France)
Industrial production growth rate 14% (2001 est.)
Industries cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Infant mortality rate total: 99.78 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 107.87 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 91.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.5% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2002)
Irrigated land 250 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Appeals Court
Labor force 5 million

note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (2002)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 90% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total: 3,193 km

border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Land use arable land: 12.43%

permanent crops: 0.18%

other: 87.39% (1998 est.)
Languages French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Legal system based on French civil law system and customary law
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (111 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: National Assembly election last held 5 May 2002 (next to be held NA May 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDP 57, RDA-ADF 17, PDP/PS 10, CFD 5, PAI 5, others 17
Life expectancy at birth total population: 44.46 years

male: 43.02 years

female: 45.94 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 26.6%

male: 36.9%

female: 16.6% (2003 est.)
Location Western Africa, north of Ghana
Map references Africa
Maritime claims none (landlocked)
Military branches Army, Air Force, National Gendarmerie, National Police, People's Militia
Military expenditures - dollar figure $45.83 million (FY02)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.4% (FY02)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 2,957,710 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 1,506,944 (2003 est.)
National holiday Republic Day, 11 December (1958)
Nationality noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)

adjective: Burkinabe
Natural hazards recurring droughts
Natural resources manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders African Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy and Federation or RDA-ADF [Herman YAMEOGO]; Confederation for Federation and Democracy or CFD [Amadou Diemdioda DICKO]; Congress for Democracy and Progress or CDP [Roch Marc-Christian KABORE]; Movement for Tolerance and Progress or MTP [Nayabtigungou Congo KABORE]; Party for African Independence or PAI [Philippe OUEDRAOGO]; Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP [Joseph KI-ZERBO]; Union of Greens for the Development of Burkina Faso or UVDB [Ram OVEDRAGO]
Political pressure groups and leaders Burkinabe General Confederation of Labor or CGTB; Burkinabe Movement for Human Rights or MBDHP; Group of 14 February; National Confederation of Burkinabe Workers or CNTB; National Organization of Free Unions or ONSL; watchdog/political action groups throughout the country in both organizations and communities
Population 13,228,460

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line 45% (2001 est.)
Population growth rate 2.6% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors none
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 17, shortwave 3 (2002)
Railways total: 622 km

narrow gauge: 622 km 1.000-m gauge

note:: another 660 km of this railway extends into Cote D'Ivoire (2002)
Religions indigenous beliefs 40%, Muslim 50%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage universal
Telephone system general assessment: all services only fair

domestic: microwave radio relay, open-wire, and radiotelephone communication stations

international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 53,200 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular 25,200 (2000)
Television broadcast stations 1 (2002)
Terrain mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Total fertility rate 6.34 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.