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Belgia (2008)

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Belgia 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 10 provinces (French: provinces, singular - province; Dutch: provincies, singular - provincie) and 3 regions* (French: regions; Dutch: gewesten); Brussels* (Bruxelles) capital region; Flanders* region (five provinces): Antwerpen (Antwerp), Limburg, Oost-Vlaanderen (East Flanders), Vlaams-Brabant (Flemish Brabant), West-Vlaanderen (West Flanders); Wallonia* region (five provinces): Brabant Wallon (Walloon Brabant), Hainaut, Liege, Luksemburg, Namur

note: as a result of the 1993 constitutional revision that furthered devolution into a federal state, there are now three levels of government (federal, regional, and linguistic community) z a complex division of responsibilities
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 16.5% (male 873,130/female 836,785)

15-64 years: 66.1% (male 3,467,044/female 3,406,030)

65 years and over: 17.4% (male 746,969/female 1,062,268) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugar beets, fresh vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal, pork, milk
Lotniska 43 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 27

over 3,047 m: 6

2,438 to 3,047 m: 7

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 9 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 16

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 15 (2007)
Terytorium total: 30,528 sq km

land: 30,278 sq km

water: 250 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about the size of Maryland
Tlo historyczne Belgia became independent from the Holandia w 1830; it was occupied by Niemcy during Swiat Wars I and II. The country prospered w the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU. Tensions between the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the north and the French-speaking Walloons of the south have led w recent years to constitutional amendments granting these regions formal recognition and autonomy.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.29 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $217 billion

expenditures: $217.4 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Brussels

geographic coordinates: 50 50 N, 4 20 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
Linia brzegowa 66.5 km
Konstytucja 7 luty 1831; amended many times; revised 14 lipiec 1993 to create a federal state
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Belgia

conventional short form: Belgia

local long form: Royaume de Belgique/Koninkrijk Belgie

local short form: Belgique/Belgie
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.32 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.313 trillion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Sam FOX

embassy: Regentlaan 27 Boulevard du Regent, B-1000 Brussels

mailing address: PSC 82, Box 002, APO AE 09710

telephone: [32] (2) 508-2111

FAX: [32] (2) 511-2725
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Dominique STRUYE DE SWIELANDE

chancery: 3330 Garfield Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 333-6900

FAX: [1] (202) 338-4960

consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New York

consulate(s): Atlanta
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $1.072 billion (2002)
Ekonomia This modern, private-enterprise economy has capitalized on its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and diversified industrial and commercial base. Industry is concentrated mainly w the populous Flemish area w the north. With few natural resources, Belgia must import substantial quantities of raw materials and export a large volume of manufactures, making its economy unusually dependent on the state of world markets. Roughly three-quarters of its trade is z other EU countries. Public debt is more than 85% of Produkt krajowy brutto. On the positive side, the government has succeeded w balancing its budget, and income distribution is relatively equal. Belgia began circulating the euro currency w styczen 2002. Economic growth w 2001-03 dropped sharply because of the global economic slowdown, z moderate recovery w 2004-07. Economic growth and foreign direct investment are expected to slow down w 2008, due to credit tightening, falling consumer and business confidence, and above average inflation. However, z the successful negotiation of the 2008 budget and devolution of power within the government, political tensions seem to be easing and could lead to an improvement w the economic outlook dla 2008.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 82.99 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 8.024 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 14.33 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 80.84 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: North Sea 0 m

highest point: Signal de Botrange 694 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy the environment is exposed to intense pressures from human activities: urbanization, dense transportation network, industry, extensive animal breeding and crop cultivation; air and water pollution also have repercussions dla neighboring countries; uncertainties regarding federal and regional responsibilities (now resolved) have slowed progress w tackling environmental challenges
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Fleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King ALBERT II (since 9 sierpien 1993); Heir Apparent Prince PHILIPPE, son of the monarch

head of government: Prime Minister Guy VERHOFSTADT (since 13 lipiec 1999); note - is head of an interim government until the end of marzec when it is hoped a new government will be formed

cabinet: Council of Ministers are formally appointed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary and constitutional; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch and then approved by parliament

note: government formation talks have been prolonged, but the current interim goverment consists of French and Flemish Christian Democrats or CD&V and CDh, Liberals or Open VLD and MR, and French Socialists or PS
Eksport 8.024 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $328.1 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 523,400 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 19.7%, Francja 16.9%, Holandia 12%, UK 7.9%, US 6.2%, Wlochy 5.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of black (hoist side), yellow, and red

note: the design was based on the flag of Francja
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1%

industry: 24.4%

services: 74.6% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 50 50 N, 4 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne crossroads of Western Europe; majority of West European capitals within 1,000 km of Brussels, the seat of both the Unia Europejska and NATO
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.4%

highest 10%: 28.1% (2000)
Narkotyki growing producer of synthetic drugs and cannabis; transit point dla US-bound ecstasy; source of precursor chemicals dla South American cocaine processors; transshipment point dla cocaine, heroin, hashish, and marijuana entering Western Europe; despite a strengthening of legislation, the country remains vulnerable to money laundering related to narcotics, automobiles, alcohol, and tobacco; significant domestic consumption of ecstasy
Import 14.33 billion kWh (2005)
Import $320.9 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 17.27 billion cu m (2005)
Import 1.109 million bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transportation equipment, oil products
Import - partnerzy Holandia 18.3%, Niemcy 17.3%, Francja 11.2%, UK 6.6%, Irlandia 5.7%, US 5.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 4 pazdziernik 1830 (a provisional government declared independence from the Holandia); 21 lipiec 1831 (King LEOPOLD I ascended to the throne)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3% (2007 est.)
Przemysl engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.56 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.13 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.7% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 400 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Hof van Cassatie (in Dutch) or Cour de Cassation (in French) (judges are appointed dla life by the government; candidacies have to be submitted by the High Justice Council)
Sila robocza 5.03 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 1.3%

industry: 24.5%

services: 74.2% (2003 est.)
Granica total: 1,385 km

border countries: Francja 620 km, Niemcy 167 km, Luksemburg 148 km, Holandia 450 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 27.42%

permanent crops: 0.69%

other: 71.89%

note: includes Luksemburg (2005)
Jezyki Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
System prawny based on civil law system influenced by English constitutional theory; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of a Senate or Senaat w Dutch, Senat w French (71 seats; 40 members are directly elected by popular vote, 31 are indirectly elected; to serve four-year terms) and a Chamber of Deputies or Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers w Dutch, Chambre des Representants w French (150 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

elections: Senate and Chamber of Deputies - last held 10 czerwiec 2007 (next to be held no later than czerwiec 2011)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - CDV/N-VA 19.4%, Open VLD 12.4%, MR 12.3%, VB 11.9%, PS 10.2%, SP.A-Spirit 10%, CDH 5.9%, Ecolo 5.8%, Groen! 3.6%, Dedecker List 3.4%, FN 2.3%, other 2.8%; seats by party - CDV/N-VA 9, Open VLD 5, MR 6, VB 5, PS 4, SP.A-Spririt 4, CDH 2, Ecolo 2, Groen! 1, Dedecker List 1, FN 1 (note - there are also 31 indirectly elected senators); Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - CDV/N-VA 18.5%, MR 12.5%, VB 12%, Open VLD 11.8%, PS 10.9%, SP.A-Spirit 10.3%, CDH 6.1%, Ecolo 5.1%, Dedecker List 4%, Groen! 4%, FN 2%, other 2.8%; seats by party - CDV/N-VA 30, MR 23, VB 17, Open VLD 18, PS 20, SP.A-Spirit 14, CDH 10, Ecolo 8, Dedecker List 5, Groen! 4, FN 1

note: as a result of the 1993 constitutional revision that furthered devolution into a federal state, there are now three levels of government (federal, regional, and linguistic community) z a complex division of responsibilities; this reality leaves six governments each z its own legislative assembly
Zywotnosc total population: 78.92 years

male: 75.75 years

female: 82.24 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Francja and the Holandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: geographic coordinates define outer limit

continental shelf: median line z neighbors
Flota handlowa total: 68 ships (1000 GRT or over) 3,786,089 GRT/6,074,664 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 20, cargo 5, chemical tanker 2, container 9, liquefied gas 16, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 10, roll on/roll off 5

foreign-owned: 9 (Dania 3, Francja 1, Niemcy 1, Grecja 4)

registered w other countries: 123 (Bahamas 15, Bermudy 3, Cypr 1, Francja 6, Gibraltar 3, Grecja 16, Hong Kong 4, Liberia 1, Luksemburg 9, Malta 10, Wyspy Marshalla 1, Mozambik 2, Holandia 2, Antyle Holenderskie 1, Panama 11, Portugalia 9, Rosja 6, Sierra Leone 1, Singapur 8, St Kitts and Nevis 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 9, Vanuatu 4) (2007)
Wojsko Belgian Armed Forces: Land Operations Command, Naval Operations Command, Air Operations Commands (2005)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.3% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe 21 lipiec (1831) ascension to the Throne of King Leopold I
Narodowosc noun: Belgian(s)

adjective: Belgian
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding is a threat along rivers and w areas of reclaimed coastal land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes
Surowce naturalne construction materials, silica sand, carbonates
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,562 km; oil 158 km; refined products 535 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Flemish parties: Christian Democratic and Flemish or CDV [Etienne SCHOUPPE]; Dedecker List [Jean-Marie DEDECKER]; Flemish Liberals and Democrats or Open VLD [Bart SOMERS]; Groen! [Mieke VOGELS] (formerly AGALEV, Flemish Greens); New Flemish Alliance or N-VA [Bart DE WEVER]; Social Progressive Alternative or SP.A [Caroline GENNEZ]; Spirit [Geert LAMBERT] (new party now associated z SP.A); Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest) or VB [Bruno VALKENIERS]

Francophone parties: Ecolo (Francophone Greens) [Jean-Michel JAVAUX, Isabelle DURANT, Claude BROUIR]; Humanist and Democratic Center or CDH [Joelle MILQUET]; National Front or FN [Michel BELACROIX]; Reform Movement or MR [Didier REYNDERS]; Socialist Party or PS [Elio DI RUPO]; other minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Christian, Socialist, and Liberal Trade Unions; Federation of Belgian Przemysl; numerous other associations representing bankers, manufacturers, middle-class artisans, and the legal and medical professions; various organizations represent the cultural interests of Flanders and Wallonia; various peace groups such as Pax Christi and groups representing immigrants
Ludnosc 10,392,226 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 15% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 0.12% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 7, FM 79, shortwave 1 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 3,536 km

standard gauge: 3,536 km 1.435-m gauge (2,950 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 75%, other (includes Protestant) 25%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.043 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.018 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.703 male(s)/female

total population: 0.959 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed, technologically advanced, and completely automated domestic and international telephone and telegraph facilities

domestic: nationwide cellular telephone system; extensive cable network; limited microwave radio relay network

international: country code - 32; landing point dla a number of submarine cables that provide links to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia; satellite earth stations - 7 (Intelsat - 3) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 4.719 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 9.66 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 25 (plus 10 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat coastal plains w northwest, central rolling hills, rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.64 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.6% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 2,043 km (1,528 km w regular commercial use) (2006)
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