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Belgia (2003)

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Belgia 2003 roku

 Belgia
Podzial administracyjny 10 provinces (French: provinces, singular - province; Dutch: provincies, singular - provincie) and 3 regions* (French: regions; Dutch: gewesten); Antwerpen, Brabant Wallon, Brussels* (Bruxelles), Flanders*, Hainaut, Liege, Limburg, Luksemburg, Namur, Oost-Vlaanderen, Vlaams-Brabant, Wallonia*, West-Vlaanderen
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 17.2% (male 905,856; female 865,589)


15-64 years: 65.6% (male 3,400,419; female 3,346,182)


65 years and over: 17.2% (male 725,162; female 1,045,880) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo sugar beets, fresh vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal, pork, milk
Lotniska 42 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 25


over 3,047 m: 6


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 7 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 17


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 15 (2002)
Terytorium total: 30,510 sq km


land: 30,230 sq km


water: 280 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about the size of Maryland
Tlo historyczne Belgia became independent from the Holandia w 1830 and was occupied by Niemcy during Swiat Wars I and II. It has prospered w the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU. Tensions between the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the north and the French-speaking Walloons of the south have led w recent years to constitutional amendments granting these regions formal recognition and autonomy.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.45 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $113.4 billion


expenditures: $106 billion, including capital expenditures of $7.17 billion (2000)
Stolica Brussels
Klimat temperate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
Linia brzegowa 66 km
Konstytucja 7 luty 1831, last revised 14 lipiec 1993; parliament approved a constitutional package creating a federal state
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Belgia


conventional short form: Belgia


local long form: Royaume de Belgique/Koninkrijk Belgie


local short form: Belgique/Belgie
Waluta euro (EUR)


note: on 1 styczen 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 styczen 2002, the euro became the sole currency dla everyday transactions within the member countries
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.07 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $28.3 billion (1999 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Stephen Franklin BRAUER


embassy: Regentlaan 27 Boulevard du Regent, B-1000 Brussels


mailing address: PSC 82, Box 002, APO AE 09710


telephone: [32] (2) 508-2111


FAX: [32] (2) 511-2725
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Franciskus VAN DAELE


chancery: 3330 Garfield Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 333-6900


FAX: [1] (202) 333-3079


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $764 million (1997)
Ekonomia This modern private enterprise economy has capitalized on its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and diversified industrial and commercial base. Industry is concentrated mainly w the populous Flemish area w the north. With few natural resources, Belgia must import substantial quantities of raw materials and export a large volume of manufactures, making its economy unusually dependent on the state of world markets. Roughly three-quarters of its trade is z other EU countries. Public debt is about 100% of Produkt krajowy brutto, and the government has succeeded w balancing its budget. Belgia, together z 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency w styczen 2002. Economic growth w 2001-03 dropped sharply due to the global economic slowdown. Prospects dla 2004 again depend largely on recovery w the EU and the US.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 78.18 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 6.712 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 15.82 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 74.28 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 38.4%


hydro: 0.6%


nuclear: 59.3%


other: 1.8% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: North Sea 0 m


highest point: Signal de Botrange 694 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy the environment is exposed to intense pressures from human activities: urbanization, dense transportation network, industry, extensive animal breeding and crop cultivation; air and water pollution also have repercussions dla neighboring countries; uncertainties regarding federal and regional responsibilities (now resolved) have slowed progress w tackling environmental challenges
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
Grupy etniczne Fleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 1.06 (2002), 1.12 (2001), 1.09 (2000), 0.94 (1999), 36.3 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King ALBERT II (since 9 sierpien 1993); Heir Apparent Prince PHILIPPE, son of the monarch


head of government: Prime Minister Guy VERHOFSTADT (since 13 lipiec 1999)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch and approved by Parliament


elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch and then approved by Parliament


note: government coalition - VLD, MR, PS, SP, AGALEV, and ECOLO
Eksport 6.712 billion kWh (2001)
Eksport $162 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport 450,000 bbl/day (2001)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 18.6%, Francja 16.3%, Holandia 11.6%, UK 9.6%, US 7.9%, Wlochy 5.4% (2002)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of black (hoist side), yellow, and red; the design was based on the flag of Francja
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $299.7 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.3%


industry: 24.4%


services: 74.3% (2001)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $29,200 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0.7% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 50 50 N, 4 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne crossroads of Western Europe; majority of West European capitals within 1,000 km of Brussels, the seat of both the Unia Europejska and NATO
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2002)
Autostrady total: 148,216 km


paved: 116,687 km (including 1,727 km of expressways)


unpaved: 31,529 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.2%


highest 10%: 23% (1996)
Narkotyki growing producer of synthetic drugs; transit point dla US-bound ecstasy; source of precursor chemicals dla South American cocaine processors; transshipment point dla cocaine, heroin, hashish, and marijuana entering Western Europe; money laundering related to trafficking of drugs, automobiles, alcohol, and tobacco
Import 15.82 billion kWh (2001)
Import $152 billion f.o.b. (2001)
Import 15.4 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Import 1.042 million bbl/day (2001)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals and metal products, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 17.2%, Holandia 15.6%, Francja 12.8%, UK 7.3%, Irlandia 7%, US 6.4%, Wlochy 4% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 4 pazdziernik 1830 a provisional government declared independence from the Holandia; 21 lipiec 1831 the ascension of King Leopold I to the throne
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.5% (2000 est.)
Przemysl engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum, coal
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.57 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.16 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 3.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 1.7% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNMOP, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC
Dostawcy internetu 61 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 40 sq km (includes Luksemburg) (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Justice or Hof van Cassatie (in Dutch) or Cour de Cassation (in French) (judges are appointed dla life by the monarch, although selected by the Government)
Sila robocza 4.44 million (2001)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki services 73%, industry 25%, agriculture 2% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 1,385 km


border countries: Francja 620 km, Niemcy 167 km, Luksemburg 148 km, Holandia 450 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 25%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 75%


note: includes Luksemburg (1998 est.)
Jezyki Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
System prawny civil law system influenced by English constitutional theory; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of a Senate or Senaat w Dutch, Senat w French (71 seats; 40 members are directly elected by popular vote, 31 are indirectly elected; members serve four-year terms) and a Chamber of Deputies or Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers w Dutch, Chambre des Representants w French (150 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)


elections: Senate and Chamber of Deputies - last held 18 czerwiec 2003 (next to be held w NA maj 2007)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - SP.A-Spirit 15.5%, VLD 15.4%, CD & V 12.7%, PS 12.8%, MR 12.1%, VB 9.4%, CDH 5.6%; seats by party - SP.A-Spirit 7, VLD 7, CD & V 6, PS 6, MR 5, VB 5, CDH 2, other 2 (note - there are also 31 indirectly elected senators); Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - VLD 15.4%, SP.A-Spirit 14.9%, CD & V 13.3%, PS 13.0%, VB 11.6%, MR 11.4%, CDH 5.5%, Ecolo 3.1%; seats by party - VLD 25, SP.A-Spirit 23, CD & V 21, PS 25, VB 18, MR 24, CDH 8 Ecolo 4, other 2


note: as a result of the 1993 constitutional revision that furthered devolution into a federal state, there are now three levels of government (federal, regional, and linguistic community) z a complex division of responsibilities; this reality leaves six governments each z its own legislative assembly; dla other acronyms of the listed parties see the Partie polityczne i przywodcy entry
Zywotnosc total population: 78.29 years


male: 74.97 years


female: 81.78 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 98%


male: NA%


female: NA%
Lokalizacja Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Francja and the Holandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary continental shelf: median line z neighbors


exclusive economic zone: median line z neighbors (extends about 68 km from coast)


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 20 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 32,215 GRT/55,725 DWT


ships by type: cargo 6, chemical tanker 10, petroleum tanker 4, includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Finlandia 1, Holandia 3 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy, Air Components, Federal Police
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $3.077 billion (FY01/02)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.4% (FY01/02)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 2,497,423 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 2,059,131 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 19 years of age (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 60,921 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe 21 lipiec (1831) ascension to the Throne of King Leopold I
Narodowosc noun: Belgian(s)


adjective: Belgian
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding is a threat w areas of reclaimed coastal land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes
Surowce naturalne coal, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,485 km; oil 158 km; refined products 535 km (2003)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy AGALEV (Flemish Greens) [Dirk HOLEMANS]; Christian Democrats and Flemish or CD & V [Yves LETERME]; note - used to be the Flemish Christian Democrats or CVP; Ecolo (Francophone Greens) [Jean-Michel JAVAUK, Evelyne HUYTEBROECK, Claude BROUIR]; Flemish Liberal Democrats or VLD [Karel DE GUCHT]; Francophone Humanist and Democratic Center of CDH (used to be Social Christian Party or PSC) [Joelle MILQUET]; Francophone Reformist Movement or MR (used to be Liberal Reformation Party or PRL) [Antoine DUQUESNE]; Francophone Socialist Party or PS [Elio DI RUPO]; National Front or FN [Daniel FERET]; New Flemish Alliance or NVA [Geert BOURGEOIS]; note - new party that emerged after the demise of the People's Union or VU; Social Progressive Alternative Party or SP.A [Steve STEVAERT]; note - was Flemish Socialist Party or SP; Spirit [Els VAN WEERT]; note - new party that emerged after the demise of the People's Union or VU; Vlaams Blok or VB [Frank VANHECKE]; other minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Christian and Socialist Trade Unions; Federation of Belgian Przemysl; numerous other associations representing bankers, manufacturers, middle-class artisans, and the legal and medical professions; various organizations represent the cultural interests of Flanders and Wallonia; various peace groups such as Pax Christi and groups representing immigrants
Ludnosc 10,289,088 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 4%
Przyrost naturalny 0.14% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Antwerp (one of the world's busiest ports), Brugge, Gent, Hasselt, Liege, Mons, Namur, Oostende, Zeebrugge
Stacje radiowe FM 79, AM 7, shortwave 1 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 3,471 km


standard gauge: 3,471 km 1.435-m gauge (2,631 km electrified) (2002)
Religie Roman Catholic 75%, Protestant or other 25%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female


total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed, technologically advanced, and completely automated domestic and international telephone and telegraph facilities


domestic: nationwide cellular telephone system; extensive cable network; limited microwave radio relay network


international: 5 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) and 1 Eutelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 4.769 million (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 974,494 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 25 (plus 10 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat coastal plains w northwest, central rolling hills, rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.62 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.2% (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,570 km (route length w regular commercial use) (2001)
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