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Bahamy (2008)

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Bahamy 2008 roku

 Bahamy
Podzial administracyjny 21 districts; Acklins and Crooked Islands, Bimini, Cat Island, Exuma, Freeport, Fresh Creek, Governor's Harbour, Green Turtle Cay, Harbour Island, High Rock, Inagua, Kemps Bay, Long Island, Marsh Harbour, majaguana, New Providence, Nichollstown and Berry Islands, Ragged Island, Rock Sound, Sandy Point, San Salvador and Rum Cay
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 27% (male 41,268/female 41,186)


15-64 years: 66.5% (male 99,961/female 103,230)


65 years and over: 6.5% (male 8,176/female 11,834) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, vegetables; poultry
Lotniska 62 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 24


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 12


914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 38


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 11


under 914 m: 22 (2007)
Terytorium total: 13,940 sq km


land: 10,070 sq km


water: 3,870 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Lucayan Indiens inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot w the New Swiat on San Salvador w 1492. British settlement of the islands began w 1647; the islands became a colony w 1783. Since attaining independence from the UK w 1973, The Bahamas have prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management. Because of its geography, the country is a major transshipment point dla illegal drugs, particularly shipments to the US and Europe, and its territory is used dla smuggling illegal migrants into the US.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.3 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.03 billion


expenditures: $1.03 billion (FY04/05)
Stolica name: Nassau


geographic coordinates: 25 05 N, 77 21 W


time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday w marzec; ends first Sunday w listopad
Klimat tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream
Linia brzegowa 3,542 km
Konstytucja 10 lipiec 1973
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Commonwealth of The Bahamas


conventional short form: The Bahamas
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.13 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $342.6 million (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ned L. SIEGEL


embassy: 42 Queen Street, Nassau


mailing address: local or express mail address: P. O. Box N-8197, Nassau; US Department of State, 3370 Nassau Place, Washington, DC 20521-3370


telephone: [1] (242) 322-1181, 356-3229 (after hours)


FAX: [1] (242) 356-0222
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Cornelius A. SMITH


chancery: 2220 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 319-2660


FAX: [1] (202) 319-2668


consulate(s) general: Miami, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje disagrees z the US on the alignment of a potential maritime boundary; continues to monitor and interdict drug dealers and Haitian refugees w Bahamian waters
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $4.78 million (2004)
Ekonomia The Bahamas is one of the wealthiest Caribbean countries z an economy heavily dependent on tourism and offshore banking. Tourism together z tourism-driven construction and manufacturing accounts dla approximately 60% of Produkt krajowy brutto and directly or indirectly employs half of the archipelago's labor force. Steady growth w tourism receipts and a boom w construction of new hotels, resorts, and residences had led to solid Produkt krajowy brutto growth w recent years, but tourist arrivals have been on the decline since 2006. Financial services constitute the second-most important sector of the Bahamian economy and, when combined z business services, account dla about 36% of Produkt krajowy brutto. However, since grudzien 2000, when the government enacted new regulations on the financial sector, many international businesses have left The Bahamas. Manufacturing and agriculture combined contribute approximately a tenth of Produkt krajowy brutto and show little growth, despite government incentives aimed at those sectors. Overall growth prospects w the short run rest heavily on the fortunes of the tourism sector. Tourism, w turn, depends on growth w the US, the source of more than 80% of the visitors.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.762 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.894 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Alvernia, on Cat Island 63 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy coral reef decay; solid waste disposal
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne black 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
Kurs waluty Bahamian dollars per US dollar - 1 (2007), 1 (2006), 1 (2005), 1 (2004), 1 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Arthur D. HANNA (since 1 luty 2006)


head of government: Prime Minister Hubert A. INGRAHAM (since 4 maj 2007)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the prime minister's recommendation


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $674 million (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport transshipments of 41,290 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary mineral products and salt, animal products, rum, chemicals, fruit and vegetables
Eksport - partnerzy Hiszpania 22.3%, US 19.8%, Polska 13.5%, Niemcy 13%, UK 5.7%, Gwatemala 4.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top), gold, and aquamarine, z a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 3%


industry: 7%


services: 90% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 24 15 N, 76 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location adjacent to US and Kuba; extensive island chain of which 30 are inhabited
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: 27% (2000)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla cocaine and marijuana bound dla US and Europe; offshore financial center
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $2.401 billion (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 68,250 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, mineral fuels; food and live animals
Import - partnerzy US 24.7%, Brazylia 15.7%, Japonia 13.1%, South Korea 7.8%, Hiszpania 6.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 10 lipiec 1973 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, banking, cement, oil transshipment, salt, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral-welded steel pipe
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 24.17 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 29.58 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 18.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny 10 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Privy Council (London); Courts of Appeal; Supreme (lower) Court; magistrates courts
Sila robocza 181,900 (2006)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 5%, industry 5%, tourism 50%, other services 40% (2005 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.58%


permanent crops: 0.29%


other: 99.13% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (16 seats; members appointed by the governor general upon the advice of the prime minister and the opposition leader to serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (41 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); the government may dissolve the Parliament and call elections at any time


elections: last held 2 maj 2007 (next to be called by maj 2012)


election results: percent of vote by party - FNM 49.86%, PLP 47.02%; seats by party - FNM 23, PLP 18
Zywotnosc total population: 65.66 years


male: 62.37 years


female: 69.02 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 95.6%


male: 94.7%


female: 96.5% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, chain of islands w the North Ocean Atlantycki, southeast of Florida, northeast of Kuba
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1,213 ships (1000 GRT or over) 40,403,455 GRT/54,276,183 DWT


by type: barge carrier 1, bulk carrier 225, cargo 240, chemical tanker 84, combination ore/oil 13, container 72, liquefied gas 49, livestock carrier 2, passenger 117, passenger/cargo 34, petroleum tanker 196, refrigerated cargo 118, roll on/roll off 18, specialized tanker 4, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 39


foreign-owned: 1,134 (Angola 6, Australia 3, Belgia 15, Bermudy 12, Brazylia 1, Kanada 13, Chiny 9, Chorwacja 1, Kuba 1, Cypr 20, Dania 66, Finlandia 8, Francja 43, Niemcy 40, Grecja 214, Hong Kong 3, Islandia 1, Indonezja 3, Irlandia 2, Wlochy 1, Japonia 62, Jordania 2, Kenia 1, Malezja 11, Monako 11, Czarnogora 2, Holandia 24, Nigeria 2, Norwegia 232, Filipiny 1, Polska 15, Rosja 5, Arabia Saudyjska 15, Singapur 9, Slowenia 1, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 1, Hiszpania 11, Szwecja 5, Szwajcaria 2, Tajwan 1, Tajlandia 1, Trynidad i Tobago 1, Turcja 5, UAE 20, UK 68, US 162, Urugwaj 1, Wenezuela 1)


registered w other countries: 3 (Barbados 1, Panama 2) (2007)
Wojsko Royal Bahamian Defense Force: Land Force, Navy, Air Wing (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 10 lipiec (1973)
Narodowosc noun: Bahamian(s)


adjective: Bahamian
Naturalne zagrozenia hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage
Surowce naturalne salt, aragonite, timber, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Free National Movement or FNM [Hubert INGRAHAM]; Progressive Liberal Party or PLP [Perry CHRISTIE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 305,655


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 9.3% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 0.602% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2006)
Religie Baptist 35.4%, Anglican 15.1%, Roman Catholic 13.5%, Pentecostal 8.1%, Church of God 4.8%, Methodist 4.2%, other Christian 15.2%, none or unspecified 2.9%, other 0.8% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.002 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.968 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.691 male(s)/female


total population: 0.956 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern facilities


domestic: totally automatic system; highly developed; the Bahamas Domestic Submarine Network links 14 of the islands and is designed to satisfy increasing demand dla voice and broadband internet services


international: country code - 1-242; landing point dla the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic submarine cable that provides links to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 2 (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 133,100 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 227,800 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu long, flat coral formations z some low rounded hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.15 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.6% (2006 est.)
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