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Antigua i Barbuda (2008)

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Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda (2001) (porownaj)
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda (2002) (porownaj)
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Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda (2004) (porownaj)
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda (2005) (porownaj)
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda (2006) (porownaj)
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda (2007) (porownaj)

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Antigua i Barbuda 2008 roku

 Antigua i Barbuda
Podzial administracyjny 6 parishes and 2 dependencies*; Barbuda*, Redonda*, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint Philip
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 27.3% (male 9,647/female 9,306)

15-64 years: 69% (male 24,137/female 23,801)

65 years and over: 3.7% (male 965/female 1,625) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; livestock
Lotniska 3 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 442.6 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)

land: 442.6 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The Siboney were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua i Barbuda w 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indiens populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage w 1493. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony w 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished w 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations w 1981.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 16.62 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $123.7 million

expenditures: $145.9 million (2000 est.)
Stolica name: Saint John's

geographic coordinates: 17 07 N, 61 51 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 153 km
Konstytucja 1 listopad 1981
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Antigua i Barbuda
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.31 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $359.8 million (czerwiec 2006)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Antigua i Barbuda; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Antigua i Barbuda
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Deborah Mae LOVELL

chancery: 3216 New Meksyk Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 362-5122

FAX: [1] (202) 362-5225

consulate(s) general: Miami
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $7.23 million (2005)
Ekonomia Antigua has a relatively high Produkt krajowy brutto per capita w comparison to most other Caribbean nations. It has experienced solid growth since 2003, driven by a construction boom w hotels and housing that which should wind down w 2008. Tourism continues to dominate the economy, accounting dla more than half of Produkt krajowy brutto. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages w tourism and construction. Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly dla export z major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects dla economic growth w the medium term will continue to depend on income growth w the industrialized world, especially w the US, which accounts dla slightly more than one-third of tourist arrivals. Since taking office w 2004, the SPENCER government has adopted an ambitious fiscal reform program, but will continue to be saddled by its debt burden z a debt-to-Produkt krajowy brutto ratio exceeding 100%.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 97.65 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 105 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne black 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%, other 2.9% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)

note: fixed rate since 1976
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Louisse LAKE-TACK (since 17 lipiec 2007)

head of government: Prime Minister Winston Baldwin SPENCER (since 24 marzec 2004)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general chosen by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $84.3 million (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 177.7 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary petroleum products 48%, manufactures 23%, machinery and transport equipment 17%, food and live animals 4%, other 8%
Eksport - partnerzy Hiszpania 34%, Niemcy 20.7%, Wlochy 7.7%, Singapur 5.8%, UK 4.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi red, z an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, z a yellow rising sun w the black band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 3.8%

industry: 22%

services: 74.3% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 17 03 N, 61 48 W
Polozenie geograficzne Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline z many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a very large western harbor
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki considered a minor transshipment point dla narcotics bound dla the US and Europe; more significant as an offshore financial center
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $522.8 million (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 4,215 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, oil
Import - partnerzy US 21.1%, Chiny 16.4%, Niemcy 13.3%, Singapur 12.7%, Hiszpania 6.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1 listopad 1981 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.26 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 21.99 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based w Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction); member Caribbean Court of Justice
Sila robocza 30,000 (1991)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 7%

industry: 11%

services: 82% (1983)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 18.18%

permanent crops: 4.55%

other: 77.27% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), local dialects
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17 seats; members appointed by the governor general) and the House of Representatives (17 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held 23 marzec 2004 (next to be held w 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ALP 4, UPP 13
Zywotnosc total population: 72.42 years

male: 70.03 years

female: 74.94 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling

total population: 85.8%

male: NA%

female: NA% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, east-southeast of Portoryko
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 1,059 ships (1000 GRT or over) 8,158,597 GRT/10,757,767 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 46, cargo 612, carrier 4, chemical tanker 6, container 350, liquefied gas 11, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 9, roll on/roll off 20

foreign-owned: 1,021 (Australia 1, Kolumbia 1, Cypr 2, Dania 15, Estonia 15, Francja 1, Niemcy 891, Grecja 3, Islandia 9, Lotwa 9, Liban 1, Litwa 6, Holandia 19, Norwegia 7, NZ 2, Polska 2, Rosja 5, Slowenia 6, Szwecja 1, Szwajcaria 5, Turcja 7, UK 4, US 8, Wietnam 1) (2007)
Wojsko Royal Antigua i Barbuda Defense Force (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (National Day), 1 listopad (1981)
Narodowosc noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)

adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan
Naturalne zagrozenia hurricanes and tropical storms (lipiec to pazdziernik); periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Wspolczynnik migracji -6.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Antigua Labor Party or ALP [Lester Bryant BIRD]; Barbudans dla a Better Barbuda [Ordrick SAMUEL]; Barbuda People's Movement or BPM [Thomas H. FRANK]; Barbuda People's Movement dla Change [Arthur NIBBS]; United Progressive Party or UPP [Baldwin SPENCER] (a coalition of three parties - Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement or ACLM, Progressive Labor Movement or PLM, United National Democratic Party or UNDP)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Antigua Trades and Labor Union or ATLU [William ROBINSON]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Hugh MARSHALL]
Ludnosc 69,481 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.527% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Anglican 25.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Roman Catholic 10.4%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.037 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.014 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.594 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA

domestic: good automatic telephone system

international: country code - 1-268; landing point dla the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable z links to 13 other islands w the eastern Caribbean extending from the Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 2; tropospheric scatter to Saba (Antyle Holenderskie) and Gwadelupa (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 40,000 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 102,000 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, z some higher volcanic areas
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.23 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 11% (2001 est.)
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