Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Antigua and Barbuda (2002)

Antigua and Barbuda - select year:
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda (2001) (compare)
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda (2003) (compare)
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda (2004) (compare)
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda (2005) (compare)
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda (2006) (compare)
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda (2007) (compare)
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Antigua and Barbuda 2002 year

 Antigua and Barbuda
Administrative divisions 6 parishes and 2 dependencies*; Barbuda*, Redonda*, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint Philip
Age structure 0-14 years: 28% (male 9,618; female 9,293)

15-64 years: 67.3% (male 22,695; female 22,682)

65 years and over: 4.7% (male 1,289; female 1,871) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; livestock
Airports 3 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 443 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)

land: 442 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The Siboney were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak and Carib Indians populated the islands when Columbus landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.
Birth rate 18.84 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $123.7 million

expenditures: $145.9 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Capital Saint John's
Climate tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 153 km
Constitution 1 November 1981
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Antigua and Barbuda
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 5.75 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $231 million (1999)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Antigua and Barbuda (embassy closed 30 June 1994); the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Antigua and Barbuda
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Lionel Alexander HURST

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 362-5211

FAX: [1] (202) 362-5225

consulate(s) general: Miami
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $2.3 million (1995)
Economy - overview Tourism continues to dominate the economy, accounting for more than half of GDP. Weak tourist arrival numbers since early 2000 have slowed the economy, however, and pressed the government into a tight fiscal corner. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction work. Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on income growth in the industrialized world, especially in the US, which accounts for about one-third of all tourist arrivals.
Electricity - consumption 93 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 100 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m
Environment - current issues water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups black, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General James B. CARLISLE (since NA 1993)

head of government: Prime Minister Lester Bryant BIRD (since 8 March 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Robin YEARWOOD

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general chosen by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $40 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities petroleum products 48%, manufactures 23%, machinery and transport equipment 17%, food and live animals 4%, other 8%
Exports - partners OECS 26%, Barbados 15%, Guyana 4%, Trinidad and Tobago 2%, US 0.3%
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band
GDP purchasing power parity - $674 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 4%

industry: 19%

services: 77% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $10,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 3.5% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 17 03 N, 61 48 W
Geography - note Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline with many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a very large western harbor
Highways total: 1,165 km

paved: 384 km

unpaved: 781 km

note: it is assumed that the main roads are paved; the secondary roads are assumed to be unpaved (1995)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs considered a minor transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; more significant as an offshore financial center
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $357 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, oil
Imports - partners US 27%, UK 16%, Canada 4%, OECS 3%
Independence 1 November 1981 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 6% (1997 est.)
Industries tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)
Infant mortality rate 21.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.4% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, NAM (observer), OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 16 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)
Labor force 30,000
Labor force - by occupation commerce and services 82%, agriculture 11%, industry 7% (1983) (1983)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 18.18%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 81.82% (1998 est.)
Languages English (official), local dialects
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17-member body appointed by the governor general) and the House of Representatives (17 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held 9 March 1999 (next to be held prior to March 2004)

election results: percent of vote by party - ALP 53.2%, UPP 45.5%, independent 1.3%; seats by party - ALP 12, UPP 4, independent 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 71.02 years

male: 68.72 years

female: 73.45 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling

total population: 89%

male: 90%

female: 88% (1960 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM

continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 762 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,541,940 GRT/5,894,553 DWT

ships by type: bulk 20, cargo 469, chemical tanker 9, combination bulk 4, container 202, liquefied gas 7, multi-functional large-load carrier 6, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 9, roll on/roll off 35

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 1, Bangladesh 2, Belgium 3, Colombia 1, Cuba 1, Estonia 1, Germany 747, Greece 1, Iceland 8, Latvia 1, Lebanon 2, Lithuania 1, Netherlands 22, New Zealand 2, Portugal 1, Slovenia 6, South Africa 1, Sweden 2, United Kingdom 1, United States 7 (2002 est.)
Military branches Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defense Force, Royal Antigua and Barbuda Police Force (including the Coast Guard)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day (National Day), 1 November (1981)
Nationality noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)

adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan
Natural hazards hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts
Natural resources NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Net migration rate -6.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders Antigua Labor Party or ALP [Lester Bryant BIRD]; Barbuda People's Movement or BPM [Thomas H. FRANK]; United Progressive Party or UPP [Baldwin SPENCER] (a coalition of three opposition parties - United National Democratic Party or UNDP, Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement or ACLM, and Progressive Labor Movement or PLM)
Political pressure groups and leaders Antigua Trades and Labor Union or ATLU [William ROBINSON]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Hugh MARSHALL]
Population 67,448 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.69% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Saint John's
Radio broadcast stations AM 4, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 36,000 (1997)
Railways total: 77 km

narrow gauge: 64 km 0.760-m gauge; 13 km 0.610-m gauge (used almost exclusively for handling sugarcane) (2001 est.)
Religions Christian, (predominantly Anglican with other Protestant, and some Roman Catholic)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: good automatic telephone system

international: 1 coaxial submarine cable; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); tropospheric scatter to Saba (Netherlands Antilles) and Guadeloupe
Telephones - main lines in use 28,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,300 (1996)
Television broadcast stations 2 (1997)
Terrain mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas
Total fertility rate 2.29 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 7% (2000 est.)
Waterways none
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.