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American Samoa (2003)

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American Samoa 2003 year

 American Samoa
Administrative divisions none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manu'a, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western
Age structure 0-14 years: 37.5% (male 13,557; female 12,818)

15-64 years: 57% (male 19,712; female 20,346)

65 years and over: 5.4% (male 2,081; female 1,746) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock
Airports 3 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 199 sq km

land: 199 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island
Area - comparative slightly larger than Washington, DC
Background Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was "discovered" by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.
Birth rate 23.26 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $121 million (37% in local revenue and 63% in US grants)

expenditures: $127 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY96/97)
Capital Pago Pago
Climate tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season from November to April, dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 116 km
Constitution ratified 1966, in effect 1967
Country name conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa

conventional short form: American Samoa

abbreviation: AS
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 4.38 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of the US)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient important financial support from the US, more than $40 million in 1994
Economy - overview This is a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US, with which American Samoa conducts most of its foreign trade. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well-being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism, a developing sector, has been held back by the recurring financial difficulties in East Asia.
Electricity - consumption 120.9 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 130 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Lata 966 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines
Ethnic groups Samoan (Polynesian) 89%, Caucasian 2%, Tongan 4%, other 5%
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001) and Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)

head of government: Governor Togiola TULAFONO (since 7 April 2003) following the death of Governor Tauese P. SUNIA on 26 March 2003; TULAFONO had been the Lieutenant Governor

cabinet: NA

elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)

election results: Tauese P. SUNIA reelected governor; percent of vote - Tauese P. SUNIA (Democrat) 50.7%, Lealaifuaneva Peter REID (independent) 47.8%

note: Togiola TULAFONO became acting governor 26 March 2003 upon the death of Governor Tauese P. SUNIA
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $345 million (1999)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities canned tuna 93%
Exports - partners Indonesia 71.1%, Japan 7.7%, Samoa 7.7%, Australia 6.7% (2002)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description blue, with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the outer side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a staff and a war club
GDP purchasing power parity - $500 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 14 20 S, 170 00 W
Geography - note Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean
Highways total: 350 km

paved: 150 km

unpaved: 200 km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $452 million (1999)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities materials for canneries 56%, food 8%, petroleum products 7%, machinery and parts 6%
Imports - partners Australia 41%, New Zealand 23%, South Korea 18% (2002)
Independence none (territory of the US)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Infant mortality rate total: 9.82 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 11.61 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation ESCAP (associate), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, SPC
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch High Court (chief justice and associate justices are appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior)
Labor force 14,000 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation government 33%, tuna canneries 34%, other 33% (1990)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 5%

permanent crops: 10%

other: 85% (1998 est.)
Languages Samoan (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English

note: most people are bilingual
Legal system NA
Legislative branch bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the House of Representatives (21 seats - 20 of which are elected by popular vote and 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; members serve two-year terms) and the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs and serve four-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2002 (next to be held NA November 2004); Senate - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - independents 18

note: American Samoa elects one nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November 2002 (next to be held NA November 2004); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA (Democrat) reelected as delegate
Life expectancy at birth total population: 75.75 years

male: 71.35 years

female: 80.41 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 98%

female: 97% (1980 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
National holiday Flag Day, 17 April (1900)
Nationality noun: American Samoan(s)

adjective: American Samoan
Natural hazards typhoons common from December to March
Natural resources pumice, pumicite
Net migration rate 3.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party [leader NA]; Republican Party [leader NA]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 70,260 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.22% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Aunu'u (new construction), Auasi, Faleosao, Ofu, Pago Pago, Ta'u
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Railways 0 km
Religions Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.19 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: good telex, telegraph, facsimile and cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station

international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 13,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,550 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
Total fertility rate 3.3 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate 6% (2000)
Waterways none
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