Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Algeria (2003)

Algeria - select year:
AlgeriaAlgeria (2001) (compare)
AlgeriaAlgeria (2002) (compare)
AlgeriaAlgeria (2004) (compare)
AlgeriaAlgeria (2005) (compare)
AlgeriaAlgeria (2006) (compare)
AlgeriaAlgeria (2007) (compare)
AlgeriaAlgeria (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Algeria 2003 year

Administrative divisions 48 provinces (wilayas, singular - wilaya); Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen
Age structure 0-14 years: 32.8% (male 5,485,197; female 5,285,434)

15-64 years: 63% (male 10,460,475; female 10,224,389)

65 years and over: 4.2% (male 624,839; female 738,166) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
Airports 136 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 54

over 3,047 m: 9

2,438 to 3,047 m: 27

1,524 to 2,437 m: 12

914 to 1,523 m: 5

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 82

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 23

914 to 1,523 m: 38

under 914 m: 19 (2002)
Area total: 2,381,740 sq km

land: 2,381,740 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas
Background After a century of rule by France, Algeria became independent in 1962. The surprising first round success of the fundamentalist FIS (Islamic Salvation Front) party in the December 1991 balloting caused the army to intervene, crack down on the FIS, and postpone the subsequent elections. The fundamentalist response has resulted in a continuous low-grade civil conflict with the secular state apparatus, which nonetheless has allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties. The FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000 and many armed militants of other groups surrendered under an amnesty program designed to promote national reconciliation. Nevertheless, small numbers of armed militants persist in confronting government forces and carrying out isolated attacks on villages and other types of terrorist attacks. Other concerns include Berber unrest, large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, and the need to diversify the petroleum-based economy.
Birth rate 21.94 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $20.3 billion

expenditures: $18.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $5.8 billion (2001 est.)
Capital Algiers
Climate arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer
Coastline 998 km
Constitution 19 November 1976, effective 22 November 1976; revised 3 November 1988, 23 February 1989, and 28 November 1996
Country name conventional long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

conventional short form: Algeria

local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah

local short form: Al Jaza'ir
Currency Algerian dinar (DZD)
Death rate 5.09 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $21.6 billion (2002 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Richard W. ERDMAN (as of 10 July 2003)

embassy: 4 Chemin Cheikh Bachir El-Ibrahimi, Algiers

mailing address: B. P. Box 549, Alger-Gare, 16000 Algiers

telephone: [213] (21) 691-425/255/186

FAX: [213] (21) 69-39-79
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Idriss JAZAIRY

chancery: 2137 Wyoming Ave NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 265-2800

FAX: [1] (202) 667-2174
Disputes - international Libya claims about 32,000 sq km in a dormant dispute still reflected on its maps in southeastern Algeria; armed bandits based in Mali attack southern Algerian towns; border with Morocco remains closed over mutual claims of harboring militants, arms smuggling; Algeria supports the exiled Sahrawi Polisario Front and rejects Moroccan administration of Western Sahara
Economic aid - recipient $162 million (2000 est.)
Economy - overview The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the fifth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second-largest gas exporter; it ranks 14th in oil reserves. Algeria's financial and economic indicators improved during the mid-1990s, in part because of policy reforms supported by the IMF and debt rescheduling from the Paris Club. Algeria's finances in 2000-03 benefited from substantial trade surpluses, record foreign exchange reserves, and reductions in foreign debt. Real GDP has risen due to higher oil output and increased government spending. The government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector, however, has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards.
Electricity - consumption 22.9 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 340 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 275 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 24.69 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 99.7%

hydro: 0.3%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m

highest point: Tahat 3,003 m
Environment - current issues soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban
Ethnic groups Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
Exchange rates Algerian dinars per US dollar - 79.68 (2002), 77.22 (2001), 75.26 (2000), 66.57 (1999), 58.74 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 April 1999)

head of government: Prime Minister Ahmed OUYAHIA (since 9 May 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 15 April 1999 (next to be held NA April 2004); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA elected president; percent of vote - Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA over 70%; note - his six opposing candidates withdrew on the eve of the election citing electoral fraud
Exports 340 million kWh (2001)
Exports $19.5 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports 57.98 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%
Exports - partners Italy 18.9%, Spain 13.1%, France 13%, US 12.1%, Netherlands 6%, Brazil 5.9%, Canada 5.7%, Turkey 5.3%, Belgium 5.1% (2002)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam (the state religion)
GDP purchasing power parity - $173.8 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 8%

industry: 60%

services: 32% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $5,400 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 3.3% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 28 00 N, 3 00 E
Geography - note second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan)
Heliports 1 (2002)
Highways total: 104,000 km

paved: 71,656 km (including 640 km of expressways)

unpaved: 32,344 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 2.8%

highest 10%: 26.8% (1995)
Imports 275 million kWh (2001)
Imports $10.6 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
Imports - partners France 31%, Italy 10%, US 8.3%, Germany 6.6%, Spain 5.9%, Turkey 4.2% (2002)
Independence 5 July 1962 (from France)
Industrial production growth rate 6% (2001 est.)
Industries petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
Infant mortality rate total: 37.74 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 40.34 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 35.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3% (2002 est.)
International organization participation ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, ECA, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OAU, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land 5,600 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Labor force 9.4 million (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation government 29%, agriculture 25%, construction and public works 15%, industry 11%, other 20% (1996 est.)
Land boundaries total: 6,343 km

border countries: Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km
Land use arable land: 3.21%

permanent crops: 0.21%

other: 96.58% (1998 est.)
Languages Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Legal system socialist, based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the National People's Assembly or Al-Majlis Ech-Chaabi Al-Watani (389 seats - changed from 380 seats in the 2002 elections; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Council of Nations (144 seats; one-third of the members appointed by the president, two-thirds elected by indirect vote; members serve six-year terms; the constitution requires half the council to be renewed every three years)

elections: National People's Assembly - last held 30 May 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); Council of Nations - last held 30 December 2000 (next to be held NA 2003)

election results: National People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FLN 199, RND 48, MRN 43, MSP 38, PT 21, FNA 8, Nahda 1, PRA 1, MEN 1, independents 29; Council of Nations - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RND 79, FLN 12, FFS 4, MSP 1 (remaining 48 seats appointed by the president, party breakdown NA)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 70.54 years

male: 69.14 years

female: 72.01 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 70%

male: 78.8%

female: 61% (2003 est.)
Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia
Map references Africa
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 69 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 884,032 GRT/1,010,777 DWT

ships by type: bulk 9, cargo 23, chemical tanker 6, liquefied gas 10, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 12, short-sea passenger 4, specialized tanker 1, includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: United Arab Emirates 2 (2002 est.)
Military branches People's National Army (ANP), Algerian National Navy (ANN), Air Force, Territorial Air Defense, National Gendarmerie
Military expenditures - dollar figure $1.87 billion (FY99)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 4.1% (FY99)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 9,243,884 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 5,646,418 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - military age 19 years of age (2003 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 412,545 (2003 est.)
National holiday Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)
Nationality noun: Algerian(s)

adjective: Algerian
Natural hazards mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season
Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
Net migration rate -0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Pipelines condensate 1,344 km; gas 87,347 km; liquid petroleum gas 2,213 km; oil 6,496 km (2003)
Political parties and leaders Algerian National Front or FNA [Moussa TOUATI]; Democratic National Rally or RND [Ahmed OUYAHIA, chairman]; Islamic Salvation Front or FIS (outlawed April 1992) [Ali BELHADJ and Dr. Abassi MADANI, Rabeh KEBIR (self-exile in Germany)]; Society of Peace Movement or MSP [Boujerra SOLTANI]; National Entente Movement or MEN [Ali BOUKHAZNA]; National Liberation Front or FLN [Ali BENFLIS, secretary general]; National Reform Movement or MRN [Abdellah DJABALLAH]; National Renewal Party or PRA [leader NA]; Progressive Republican Party [Khadir DRISS]; Rally for Culture and Democracy or RCD [Said SAADI, secretary general]; Renaissance Movement or EnNahda Movement [Lahbib ADAMI]; Social Liberal Party or PSL [Ahmed KHELIL]; Socialist Forces Front or FFS [Hocine Ait AHMED, secretary general (self-exile in Switzerland)]; Union for Democracy and Liberty [Mouley BOUKHALAFA]; Workers Party or PT [Louisa HANOUN]

note: a law banning political parties based on religion was enacted in March 1997
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 32,818,500 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line 23% (1999 est.)
Population growth rate 1.65% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Beni Saf, Dellys, Djendjene, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda, Tenes
Radio broadcast stations AM 25, FM 1, shortwave 8 (1999)
Railways total: 3,973 km

standard gauge: 2,888 km 1.435-m gauge (283 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 1,085 km 1.055-m gauge (2002)
Religions Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: telephone density in Algeria is very low, not exceeding five telephones per 100 persons; the number of fixed main lines increased in the last few years to a little more than 2,000,000, but only about two-thirds of these have subscribers; much of the infrastructure is outdated and inefficient

domestic: good service in north but sparse in south; domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations (20 additional domestic earth stations are planned)

international: 5 submarine cables; microwave radio relay to Italy, France, Spain, Morocco, and Tunisia; coaxial cable to Morocco and Tunisia; participant in Medarabtel; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), 1 Intersputnik, and 1 Arabsat (1998)
Telephones - main lines in use 2.3 million (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular 33,500 (1999)
Television broadcast stations 46 (plus 216 repeaters) (1995)
Terrain mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
Total fertility rate 2.55 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate 31% (2002 est.)
Waterways none
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.