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United Arab Emirates (2007)

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United Arab Emirates 2007 year

 United Arab Emirates
Administrative divisions 7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn (Quwayn)
Age structure 0-14 years: 20.6% (male 467,931/female 447,045)

15-64 years: 78.5% (male 2,558,029/female 932,617)

65 years and over: 0.9% (male 24,914/female 13,475)

note: 73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
Airports 39 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 22

over 3,047 m: 10

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 17

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 5

under 914 m: 5 (2007)
Area total: 83,600 sq km

land: 83,600 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maine
Background The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.
Birth rate 16.09 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $54.64 billion

expenditures: $34.91 billion (2006 est.)
Capital name: Abu Dhabi

geographic coordinates: 24 28 N, 54 22 E

time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate desert; cooler in eastern mountains
Coastline 1,318 km
Constitution 2 December 1971; made permanent in 1996
Country name conventional long form: United Arab Emirates

conventional short form: none

local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah

local short form: none

former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States

abbreviation: UAE
Death rate 2.16 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $38.31 billion (2006 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Michele J. SISON

embassy: Embassies District, Plot 38 Sector W59-02, Street No. 4, Abu Dhabi

mailing address: P. O. Box 4009, Abu Dhabi

telephone: [971] (2) 414-2200

FAX: [971] (2) 414-2603

consulate(s) general: Dubai
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Saqr Ghobash Said GHOBASH

chancery: 3522 International Court NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 243-2400

FAX: [1] (202) 243-2432

consulate(s): New York, Houston
Disputes - international boundary agreement was signed and ratified with Oman in 2003 for entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves, but contents of the agreement and detailed maps showing the alignment have not been published; Iran and UAE dispute Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which Iran occupies
Economic aid - donor since its founding in 1971, the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development has given about $5.2 billion in aid to 56 countries (2004)
Economy - overview The UAE has an open economy with a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Despite largely successful efforts at economic diversification, about 30% of GDP is still directly based on oil and gas output, and the fortunes of the economy fluctuate with the prices of those commodities. Since the discovery of oil in the UAE more than 30 years ago, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. The government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up its utilities to greater private sector involvement. In April 2004, the UAE signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) with Washington and in November 2004 agreed to undertake negotiations toward a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the US. Higher oil revenue, strong liquidity, and cheap credit in 2005-06 led to a surge in asset prices (shares and real estate) and consumer inflation. Rising prices are increasing the operating costs for businesses in the UAE and degrading the UAE's allure to foreign investors. Dependence on a large expatriate workforce and oil are significant long-term challenges to the UAE's economy.
Electricity - consumption 52.62 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 57.06 billion kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
Environment - current issues lack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)

note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
Exchange rates Emirati dirhams per US dollar - 3.673 (2006), 3.6725 (2005), 3.6725 (2004), 3.6725 (2003), 3.6725 (2002)

note: officially pegged to the US dollar since February 2002
Executive branch chief of state: President KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 3 November 2004), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 4 November 2004); Vice President and Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006)

head of government: Prime Minister and Vice President MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers SULTAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 November 1990) and HAMDAN bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (since 20 October 2003)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation; meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power

elections: president and vice president elected by the FSC for five-year terms (no term limits); election last held 3 November 2004 upon the death of the UAE's Founding Father and first President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (next to be held in 2009); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president

election results: KHALIFA bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan elected president by a unanimous vote of the FSC; MUHAMMAD bin Rashid al-Maktum unanimously affirmed vice president after the 2006 death of his brother Sheikh Maktum bin Rashid al-Maktum
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $142.5 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports 6.848 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 2.54 million bbl/day (2004 est.)
Exports - commodities crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
Exports - partners Japan 25.8%, South Korea 9.6%, Thailand 5.9%, India 4.5% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 2%

industry: 62.7%

services: 35.2% (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 8.9% (2006 est.)
Geographic coordinates 24 00 N, 54 00 E
Geography - note strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil
Heliports 5 (2007)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs the UAE is a drug transshipment point for traffickers given its proximity to Southwest Asian drug-producing countries; the UAE's position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering; anti-money-laundering controls improving, but informal banking remains unregulated
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $86.11 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports 1.343 billion cu m (2005)
Imports 137,200 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
Imports - partners US 11.5%, China 11%, India 9.9%, Germany 6.2%, Japan 5.8%, UK 5.6%, France 4.1%, Italy 4% (2006)
Independence 2 December 1971 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 4% (2000)
Industries petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles
Infant mortality rate total: 13.52 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 15.77 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 11.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 13.5% (2006 est.)
Irrigated land 760 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch Union Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Labor force 2.968 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 7%

industry: 15%

services: 78% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total: 867 km

border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
Land use arable land: 0.77%

permanent crops: 2.27%

other: 96.96% (2005)
Languages Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Legal system based on a dual system of Shari'a and civil courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral Federal National Council (FNC) or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; 20 members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states, 20 members elected to serve two-year terms)

elections: elections for one half of the FNC (the other half remains appointed) held in the UAE on 18-20 December 2006; the new electoral college - a body of 6,689 Emiratis (including 1,189 women) appointed by the rulers of the seven emirates - were the only eligible voters and candidates; 456 candidates including 65 women ran for 20 contested FNC seats; one female from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi won a seat

note: reviews legislation but cannot change or veto
Life expectancy at birth total population: 75.69 years

male: 73.16 years

female: 78.35 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 77.9%

male: 76.1%

female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
Location Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Merchant marine total: 60 ships (1000 GRT or over) 617,519 GRT/858,519 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 10, chemical tanker 5, container 6, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 25, roll on/roll off 5, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: 11 (Greece 3, Kuwait 8)

registered in other countries: 281 (Bahamas 20, Belize 4, Cambodia 2, Comoros 5, Cyprus 10, Georgia 1, Gibraltar 2, Hong Kong 1, India 2, Iran 1, Jordan 15, North Korea 4, Liberia 22, Malta 10, Marshall Islands 14, Mexico 1, Mongolia 5, Norway 1, Panama 108, Philippines 1, Saudi Arabia 1, Sierra Leone 7, Singapore 8, Somalia 1, St Kitts and Nevis 22, St Vincent and The Grenadines 12, Turkey 1, unknown 5) (2007)
Military branches Army, Navy (includes Marines and Coast Guard), Air and Air Defense Force, paramilitary forces (includes Federal Police Force)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 3.1% (2005 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 2 December (1971)
Nationality noun: Emirati(s)

adjective: Emirati
Natural hazards frequent sand and dust storms
Natural resources petroleum, natural gas
Net migration rate 26.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Pipelines condensate 520 km; gas 2,580 km; liquid petroleum gas 300 km; oil 2,950 km; oil/gas/water 5 km; refined products 156 km (2006)
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 4,444,011

note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net inmigration of non-citizens than previous estimates (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line 19.5% (2003)
Population growth rate 3.997% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 13, FM 8, shortwave 2 (2004)
Religions Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.047 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 2.743 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.849 male(s)/female

total population: 2.19 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage none
Telephone system general assessment: modern fiber-optic integrated services; digital network with rapidly growing use of mobile cellular telephones; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai

domestic: microwave radio relay, fiber optic and coaxial cable

international: country code - 971; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; submarine cables to Qatar, Bahrain, India, and Pakistan; tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia
Telephones - main lines in use 1.31 million (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 5.519 million (2006)
Television broadcast stations 15 (2004)
Terrain flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
Total fertility rate 2.43 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.4% (2001)
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