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Tokelau (2004)

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Tokelau 2004 year

Administrative divisions none (territory of New Zealand)
Age structure 0-14 years: 42%

15-64 years: 53%

65 years and over: 5% (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, copra, breadfruit, papayas, bananas; pigs, poultry, goats
Airports none; lagoon landings are possible by amphibious aircraft (2003 est.)
Area total: 10 sq km

land: 10 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 17 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues: $430,800

expenditures: $2.8 million, including capital expenditures of $37,300 (1987 est.)
Capital none; each atoll has its own administrative center
Climate tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)
Coastline 101 km
Constitution administered under the Tokelau Islands Act of 1948, as amended in 1970
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Tokelau
Currency New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $0
Dependency status self-administering territory of New Zealand; note - Tokelauans are drafting a constitution and developing institutions and patterns of self-government as Tokelau moves toward free association with New Zealand
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of New Zealand)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient from New Zealand about $4 million annually
Economy - overview Tokelau's small size (three villages), isolation, and lack of resources greatly restrain economic development and confine agriculture to the subsistence level. The people rely heavily on aid from New Zealand - about $4 million annually - to maintain public services, with annual aid being substantially greater than GDP. The principal sources of revenue come from sales of copra, postage stamps, souvenir coins, and handicrafts. Money is also remitted to families from relatives in New Zealand.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Environment - current issues very limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand
Ethnic groups Polynesian
Exchange rates New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 1.7229 (2003), 2.154 (2002), 2.3776 (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and New Zealand are represented by Administrator Neil WALTER (since NA 2002)

head of government: Aliki Faipule Kuresa NASAU (since 2004) note - position rotates annually among members of the cabinet

cabinet: the Council of Faipule, consisting of three elected leaders - one from each atoll - functions as a cabinet

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade in New Zealand; the head of government is chosen from the Council of Faipule and serves a one-year term
Exports $98,000 f.o.b. (1983)
Exports - commodities stamps, copra, handicrafts
Exports - partners New Zealand (2000)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description the flag of New Zealand is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.5 million (1993 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA

industry: NA

services: NA
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,000 (1993 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 9 00 S, 172 00 W
Geography - note consists of three atolls, each with a lagoon surrounded by a number of reef-bound islets of varying length and rising to over three meters above sea level
Highways total: NA km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports $323,000 c.i.f. (1983)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, building materials, fuel
Imports - partners New Zealand (2000)
Independence none (territory of New Zealand)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries small-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing
Infant mortality rate total: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA
International organization participation UNESCO (associate), UPU
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court in New Zealand exercises civil and criminal jurisdiction in Tokelau
Labor force NA
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0% (soil is thin and infertile)

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2001)
Languages Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
Legal system New Zealand and local statutes
Legislative branch unicameral General Fono (48 seats; 15 members from each of the three islands elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms and the 3 island village mayors [pulenuku]); note - the Tokelau Amendment Act of 1996 confers limited legislative power on the General Fono
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA years

male: 68 years

female: 70 years (2004 est.)
Literacy NA
Location Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military - note defense is the responsibility of New Zealand
National holiday Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
Nationality noun: Tokelauan(s)

adjective: Tokelauan
Natural hazards lies in Pacific typhoon belt
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 1,405 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate -0.01% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors none; offshore anchorage only
Radio broadcast stations AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA

note: each atoll has a radio broadcast station of unknown type that broadcasts shipping and weather reports (1998)
Religions Congregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2%

note: on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant
Sex ratio NA
Suffrage 21 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate

domestic: radiotelephone service between islands

international: country code - 690; radiotelephone service to Samoa; government-regulated telephone service (TeleTok), with 3 satellite earth stations, established in 1997
Telephones - main lines in use 300 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (2001)
Terrain low-lying coral atolls enclosing large lagoons
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Unemployment rate NA
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