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Tokelau (2001)

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Tokelau 2001 year

Administrative divisions none (territory of New Zealand)
Age structure 0-14 years:

15-64 years:

65 years and over:
Agriculture - products coconuts, copra, breadfruit, papayas, bananas; pigs, poultry, goats
Airports none; lagoon landings by amphibious aircraft from Samoa
Area total:
10 sq km

10 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative about 17 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925. According to a UN report, these low-lying islands will disappear in the 21st century, if global warming continues to raise sea levels.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues:

$2.8 million, including capital expenditures of $37,300 (1987 est.)
Capital none; each atoll has its own administrative center
Climate tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)
Coastline 101 km
Constitution administered under the Tokelau Islands Act of 1948, as amended in 1970
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Currency New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $0
Dependency status territory of New Zealand; note - Tokelauans are drafting a constitution, developing institutions and patterns of self-government as Tokelau moves toward free association with Wellington
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of New Zealand)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $3.8 million (1995)
Economy - overview Tokelau's small size (three villages), isolation, and lack of resources greatly restrain economic development and confine agriculture to the subsistence level. The people must rely on aid from New Zealand to maintain public services, annual aid being substantially greater than GDP. The principal sources of revenue come from sales of copra, postage stamps, souvenir coins, and handicrafts. Money is also remitted to families from relatives in New Zealand.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
unnamed location 5 m
Environment - current issues very limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand
Ethnic groups Polynesian
Exchange rates New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 2.2502 (January 2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886 (1999), 1.8632 (1998), 1.5083 (1997), 1.4543 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and New Zealand are represented by Administrator Lindsay WATT (since NA March 1993)

head of government:
Aliki Faipule FALIMATEAO (since NA 1997)

the Council of Faipule, consisting of three elected leaders, one from each atoll; functions as a cabinet

none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade in New Zealand; the head of government is chosen from the Council of Faipule and serves a one-year term
Exports $98,000 (f.o.b., 1983)
Exports - commodities stamps, copra, handicrafts
Exports - partners NZ
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description the flag of New Zealand is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.5 million (1993 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,000 (1993 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 9 00 S, 172 00 W
Highways total:
NA km

NA km

NA km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports $323,400 (c.i.f., 1983)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, building materials, fuel
Imports - partners NZ
Independence none (territory of New Zealand)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries small-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing
Infant mortality rate NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation SPC, WHO (associate)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court in New Zealand exercises civil and criminal jurisdiction in Tokelau
Labor force NA
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:
0% (soil is thin and infertile)

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

100% (1993 est.)
Languages Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
Legal system British and local statutes
Legislative branch unicameral General Fono (45 seats - 15 from each of the three atolls; members chosen by each atoll's Council of Elders or Taupulega to serve three-year terms); note - the Tokelau Amendment Act of 1996 confers legislative power on the General Fono
Life expectancy at birth total population:
NA years

NA years

NA years
Location Oceania, group of three islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of New Zealand
National holiday Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards lies in Pacific typhoon belt
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 1,445 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.92% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none; offshore anchorage only
Radio broadcast stations AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA

each atoll has a radio broadcast station of unknown type that broadcasts shipping and weather reports (1998)
Radios 1,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Congregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2%

on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant
Suffrage 21 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:

radiotelephone service between islands

radiotelephone service to Samoa; government-regulated telephone service (TeleTok), with 3 satellite earth stations, established in 1997
Telephones - main lines in use NA
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (2001)
Television broadcast stations NA
Terrain low-lying coral atolls enclosing large lagoons
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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