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Slovenia (2001)

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Slovenia 2001 year

Administrative divisions 136 municipalities (obcine, singular - obcina) and 11 urban municipalities* (mestne obcine , singular - mestna obcina ) Ajdovscina, Beltinci, Bled, Bohinj, Borovnica, Bovec, Brda, Brezice, Brezovica, Cankova-Tisina, Celje*, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Cerknica, Cerkno, Crensovci, Crna na Koroskem, Crnomelj, Destrnik-Trnovska Vas, Divaca, Dobrepolje, Dobrova-Horjul-Polhov Gradec, Dol pri Ljubljani, Domzale, Dornava, Dravograd, Duplek, Gorenja Vas-Poljane, Gorisnica, Gornja Radgona, Gornji Grad, Gornji Petrovci, Grosuplje, Hodos Salovci, Hrastnik, Hrpelje-Kozina, Idrija, Ig, Ilirska Bistrica, Ivancna Gorica, Izola, Jesenice, Jursinci, Kamnik, Kanal, Kidricevo, Kobarid, Kobilje, Kocevje, Komen, Koper*, Kozje, Kranj*, Kranjska Gora, Krsko, Kungota, Kuzma, Lasko, Lenart, Lendava, Litija, Ljubljana*, Ljubno, Ljutomer, Logatec, Loska Dolina, Loski Potok, Luce, Lukovica, Majsperk, Maribor*, Medvode, Menges, Metlika, Mezica, Miren-Kostanjevica, Mislinja, Moravce, Moravske Toplice, Mozirje, Murska Sobota*, Muta, Naklo, Nazarje, Nova Gorica*, Novo Mesto*, Odranci, Ormoz, Osilnica, Pesnica, Piran, Pivka, Podcetrtek, Podvelka-Ribnica, Postojna, Preddvor, Ptuj*, Puconci, Race-Fram, Radece, Radenci, Radlje ob Dravi, Radovljica, Ravne-Prevalje, Ribnica, Rogasevci, Rogaska Slatina, Rogatec, Ruse, Semic, Sencur, Sentilj, Sentjernej, Sentjur pri Celju, Sevnica, Sezana, Skocjan, Skofja Loka, Skofljica, Slovenj Gradec*, Slovenska Bistrica, Slovenske Konjice, Smarje pri Jelsah, Smartno ob Paki, Sostanj, Starse, Store, Sveti Jurij, Tolmin, Trbovlje, Trebnje, Trzic, Turnisce, Velenje*, Velike Lasce, Videm, Vipava, Vitanje, Vodice, Vojnik, Vrhnika, Vuzenica, Zagorje ob Savi, Zalec, Zavrc, Zelezniki, Ziri, Zrece

there may be 45 more municipalities
Age structure 0-14 years:
16.09% (male 159,428; female 151,134)

15-64 years:
69.61% (male 681,333; female 662,170)

65 years and over:
14.3% (male 101,354; female 174,713) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products potatoes, hops, wheat, sugar beets, corn, grapes; cattle, sheep, poultry
Airports 14 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
4 (2000 est.)
Area total:
20,253 sq km

20,253 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Background In 1918 the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new nation, renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power of the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy make Slovenia a leading candidate for future membership in the EU and NATO.
Birth rate 9.32 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$8.11 billion

$8.32 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)
Capital Ljubljana
Climate Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
Coastline 46.6 km
Constitution adopted 23 December 1991, effective 23 December 1991
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Slovenia

conventional short form:

local long form:
Republika Slovenija

local short form:
Currency tolar (SIT)
Death rate 9.98 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $6.2 billion (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Nancy ELY-RAPHEL

Presernova 31, SI-1000 Ljubljana

mailing address:
P. O. Box 254, Presernova 31, 1000 Ljubljana; American Embassy Ljubljana, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-7140

[386] (01) 200-5500

[386] (01) 200-5555
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Davorin KRACUN

1525 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

[1] (202) 667-5363

[1] (202) 667-4563

consulate(s) general:
New York

Disputes - international progress with Croatia on discussions of adjustments to land boundary, but problems remain in defining maritime boundary in Gulf of Piran; Austria has minor dispute with Slovenia over nuclear power plants and post-World War II treatment of German-speaking minorities
Economic aid - recipient ODA, $5 million (1993)
Economy - overview Although Slovenia enjoys one of the highest GDPs per capita among the transition economies of Central Europe, it needs to speed up the privatization process and the dismantling of restrictions on foreign investment. About 45% of the economy remains in state hands, and the level of foreign direct investment inflows as a percent of GDP is the lowest in the region. Analysts are predicting between 4.0% and 4.2% growth for 2001. Export growth is expected to slow in 2001 and 2002 as EU markets soften. Inflation rose from 6.1% to 8.9% in 2000 and remains a matter of concern.
Electricity - consumption 10.024 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 2.2 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 645 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 12.451 billion kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Adriatic Sea 0 m

highest point:
Triglav 2,864 m
Environment - current issues Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain
Environment - international agreements party to:
Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups Slovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian 0.4%, other 5% (1991)
Exchange rates tolars per US dollar - 225.93 (January 2001), 222.66 (2000), 181.77 (1999), 166.13 (1998), 159.69 (1997), 135.36 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Milan KUCAN (since 22 April 1990)

head of government:
Prime Minister Janez DRNOVSEK (since 15 October 2000);

Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly

president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 24 November 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); following National Assembly elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually nominated to become prime minister by the president and elected by the National Assembly; election last held 15 October 2000 (next to be held NA October 2004)

election results:
Milan KUCAN elected president; percent of vote - Milan KUCAN 56.3%, Janez PODOBNIK 18%; Janez DRNOVSEK elected prime minister; percent of National Assembly vote - NA
Exports 2.2 billion kWh (1999)
Exports $8.9 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Exports - commodities manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
Exports - partners Germany 31%, Italy 14%, Croatia 8%, Austria 7%, France 6% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the Slovenian seal (a shield with the image of Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines depicting seas and rivers, and above it are three six-pointed stars arranged in an inverted triangle which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries); the seal is located in the upper hoist side of the flag centered in the white and blue bands
GDP purchasing power parity - $22.9 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


61% (1999 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $12,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4.5% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 46 00 N, 15 00 E
Highways total:
19,586 km

17,745 km (including 249 km of expressways)

1,841 km (1998 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
20.7% (1995)
Illicit drugs minor transit point for cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin bound for Western Europe, and for precursor chemicals
Imports 645 million kWh (1999)
Imports $9.9 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, food
Imports - partners Germany 21%, Italy 17%, France 11%, Austria 8%, Croatia 4%, Hungary, Russia (1999)
Independence 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
Industrial production growth rate 6.2% (2000)
Industries ferrous metallurgy and rolling mill products, aluminum reduction and rolled products, lead and zinc smelting, electronics (including military electronics), trucks, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools
Infant mortality rate 4.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 8.9% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ABEDA, ACCT (observer), BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NSG, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNIDO, UNTAET, UNTSO, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 11 (2000)
Irrigated land 20 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court (judges are elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the Judicial Council); Constitutional Court (judges elected for nine-year terms by the National Assembly and nominated by the president)
Labor force 857,400
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Land boundaries total:
1,165 km

border countries:
Austria 330 km, Croatia 501 km, Italy 232 km, Hungary 102 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

7% (1996 est.)
Languages Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 6%, other 3%
Legal system based on civil law system
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Drzavni Zbor (90 seats, 40 are directly elected and 50 are selected on a proportional basis; note - the numbers of directly elected and proportionally elected seats varies with each election; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

National Assembly - last held 15 October 2000 (next to be held NA October 2004)

election results:
percent of vote by party - LDS 36%, SDS 16%, ZLSD 12%, SLS/SKD 10%, NSI 9%, SMS 4%, SNS 4%, DeSUS 5%, other 4%; seats by party - LDS 34, SDS 14, ZLDS 11, SLS/SKD 9, NSI 8, SMS 4, SNS 4, DeSUS 4, other 2

the National Council or Drzavni Svet is an advisory body with limited legislative powers; it may propose laws and ask to review any National Assembly decisions; in the election of NA November 1997, 40 members were elected to represent local, professional, and socioeconomic interests (next election to be held in the fall of 2002)
Life expectancy at birth total population:
75.08 years

71.2 years

79.17 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Southeastern Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia
Map references Europe
Maritime claims NA
Military branches Slovenian Army (includes Air and Naval Forces)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $370 million (FY00)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.7% (FY00)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
523,336 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
416,237 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - military age 19 years of age
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males:
14,513 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day/Statehood Day, 25 June (1991)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards flooding and earthquakes
Natural resources lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower
Net migration rate 2.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Pipelines crude oil 290 km; natural gas 305 km
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party of Retired (Persons) of Slovenia or DeSUS [Janko KUSAR]; Liberal Democratic or LDS [Janez DRNOVSEK, chairman]; New Slovenia or NSI [Andrej BAJUK, chairman]; Slovene National Party or SNS [Zmago JELINCIC, chairman]; Slovene People's Party or SLS (Slovenian People's Party or SLS and Slovenian Christian Democrats or SKD merged in April 2000) [Franc ZAGOZEN, chairman]; Slovene Youth Party or SMS [leader NA]; Social Democratic Party of Slovenia or SDS [Janez JANSA, chairman]; United List of Social Democrats (former Communists and allies) or ZLSD [Borut PAHOR, chairman]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 1,930,132 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.14% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Izola, Koper, Piran
Radio broadcast stations AM 17, FM 160, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 805,000 (1997)
Railways total:
1,201 km

standard gauge:
1,201 km 1.435-m gauge (489 km electrified) (1999)
Religions Roman Catholic 68.8%, Uniate Catholic 2%, Lutheran 1%, Muslim 1%, atheist 4.3%, other 22.9%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.58 male(s)/female

total population:
0.95 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)
Telephone system general assessment:

100% digital (2000)

Telephones - main lines in use 722,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1 million (2000)
Television broadcast stations 48 (2001)
Terrain a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east
Total fertility rate 1.28 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 7.1% (1997 est.)
Waterways NA
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