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Saint Pierre and Miquelon (2007)

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Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2007 year

 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Administrative divisions none (territorial overseas collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are two communes - Saint Pierre, Miquelon at the second order
Age structure 0-14 years: 23% (male 827/female 790)

15-64 years: 65.9% (male 2,352/female 2,288)

65 years and over: 11.1% (male 359/female 420) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Airports 2 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 242 sq km

land: 242 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.
Birth rate 13.08 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $70 million

expenditures: $60 million (1996 est.)
Capital name: Saint-Pierre

geographic coordinates: 46 46 N, 56 11 W

time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Climate cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
Coastline 120 km
Constitution 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon

local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon

local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Death rate 6.82 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient approximately $60 million in annual grants from France
Economy - overview The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq km to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada, although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. France heavily subsidizes the islands to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects. Fish farming, crab fishing, and agriculture are being developed to diversify the local economy. Recent test drilling for oil may pave the way for development of the energy sector.
Electricity - consumption 46.5 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 50 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
Environment - current issues recent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
Ethnic groups Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Yves FAUQUEUR (since 28 August 2006)

head of government: President of the General Council Marc PLANTAGENEST (since NA)

cabinet: NA

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 April 2002 (first round) and 5 May 2002 (second round) (next to be held in 2007); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the General Council is elected by the members of the council
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $5.5 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
Exports - partners Spain 33.6%, Belgium 21.8%, India 18.3%, France 9.4%, US 7.5% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with yellow wavy lines under the ship; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the flag of France is used for official occasions
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 46 50 N, 56 20 W
Geography - note vegetation scanty
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $68.2 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Imports - partners France 51.3%, Canada 31.8%, Belgium 4.1% (2006)
Independence none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
Infant mortality rate total: 7.21 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 8.26 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 8.1% (2005)
International organization participation UPU, WFTU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
Labor force 3,450 (2005)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 18%

industry: 41%

services: 41% (1996 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 12.5%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 87.5% (2005)
Languages French (official)
Legal system the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats, 15 from Saint Pierre and four from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: elections last held 19 and 26 in March 2006 (next to be held in March 2012)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AD 16, Cap sur l'Avenir 2, SPM Ensemble 1

note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect one seat to the French Senate; elections last held 26 September 2004 (next to be held in September 2013); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects one seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 9 June 2002, second round - 16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UDF 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.76 years

male: 76.41 years

female: 81.23 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (1982 est.)
Location Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
Map references North America
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

adjective: French
Natural hazards persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Natural resources fish, deepwater ports
Net migration rate -4.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Archipelago Tomorrow or AD affiliated with UDF/RPR list; Cap sur l'Avenir affiliated with PRG; Left Radical Party or PRG; Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR (now UMP); Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2000/Avenir Miquelon or SPM 2000/AM; Socialist Party or PS; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 7,036 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.128% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.047 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.028 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.855 male(s)/female

total population: 1.011 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate

domestic: NA

international: country code - 508; radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; satellite earth station - 1 in French domestic satellite system
Telephones - main lines in use 4,800 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 0 (2 repeaters rebroadcast programs from France, Canada, and the US) (1997)
Terrain mostly barren rock
Total fertility rate 2 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 10.3% (1999)
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