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Reunion (2006)

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ReunionReunion (2001) (porownaj)
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Reunion 2006 roku

 Reunion
Podzial administracyjny none (overseas department of Francja); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 4 arrondissements, 24 communes, and 47 cantons
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 29.8% (male 120,147/female 114,589)


15-64 years: 64% (male 248,895/female 255,156)


65 years and over: 6.2% (male 19,847/female 28,950) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, vanilla, tobacco, tropical fruits, vegetables, corn
Lotniska 2 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2006)
Terytorium total: 2,517 sq km


land: 2,507 sq km


water: 10 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Rhode Island
Tlo historyczne The Portuguese discovered the uninhabited island w 1513. From the 17th to the 19th centuries, French immigration, supplemented by influxes of Africans, Chinese, Malays, and Malabar Indiens, gave the island its ethnic mix. The opening of the Suez Canal w 1869 cost the island its importance as a stopover on the East Indies trade route.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 18.9 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $554.7 million


expenditures: $554.7 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (1998)
Stolica name: Saint-Denis


geographic coordinates: 20 52 S, 55 28 E


time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical, but temperature moderates z elevation; cool and dry (maj to listopad), hot and rainy (listopad to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa 207 km
Konstytucja 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Department of Reunion


conventional short form: Reunion


local long form: none


local short form: Ile de la Reunion


former: Bourbon Island
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.49 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Podleglosc overseas department of Francja
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas department of Francja)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas department of Francja)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA; note - substantial annual subsidies from Francja (2001 est.)
Ekonomia The economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, but services now dominate. Sugarcane has been the primary crop dla more than a century, and w some years it accounts dla 85% of exports. The government has been pushing the development of a tourist industry to relieve high unemployment, which amounts to one-third of the labor force. The gap w Reunion between the well-off and the poor is extraordinary and accounts dla the persistent social tensions. The white and Indien communities are substantially better off than other segments of the population, often approaching European standards, whereas minority groups suffer the poverty and unemployment typical of the poorer nations of the African continent. The outbreak of severe rioting w luty 1991 illustrated the seriousness of socioeconomic tensions. The economic well-being of Reunion depends heavily on continued financial assistance from Francja.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.107 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.19 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Piton des Neiges 3,069 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Grupy etniczne French, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indien
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of Francja (since 17 maj 1995), represented by Prefect Pierre-Henry MACCIONI (since 28 sierpien 2006)


head of government: President of the General Council Nassimah DINDAR (since NA marzec 2004) and President of the Regional Council Paul VERGES (since NA marzec 1993)


cabinet: NA


elections: French president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils
Eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Eksport $248.5 million f.o.b. (2002)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary sugar 63%, rum and molasses 4%, perfume essences 2%, lobster 3%
Eksport - partnerzy Francja 74%, Japonia 6%, Komory 4% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi unofficial, local flag designed to emphasize solidarity among the people of Reunion; the field is divided vertically z three narrow stripes of blue, white, and red along the hoist edge representing the French national flag; the remainder of the field is divided diagonally into four triangles colored (clockwise from the hoist side) blue, golden yellow, red, and green; w the center, the apexes of the triangles are surmounted by a white disk; the only official flag is the national flag of Francja
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8%


industry: 19%


services: 73% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.5% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 21 06 S, 55 36 E
Polozenie geograficzne this mountainous, volcanic island has an active volcano, Piton de la Fournaise; there is a tropical cyclone center at Saint-Denis, which is the monitoring station dla the whole of the Ocean Indyjski
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2003)
Import $3.306 billion c.i.f. (2002)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary manufactured goods, food, beverages, tobacco, machinery and transportation equipment, raw materials, and petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Francja 64%, Bahrajn 3%, Niemcy 3%, Wlochy 3% (2004)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas department of Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl sugar, rum, cigarettes, handicraft items, flower oil extraction
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 7.63 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 8.37 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 6.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja NA%
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji InOC, UPU, WFTU
Nawadniane tereny 120 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel
Sila robocza 299,000 (2002)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 13%


industry: 12%


services: 75% (2000)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 13.94%


permanent crops: 1.59%


other: 84.47% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Creole widely used
System prawny French law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral General Council (49 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council (45 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve six-year terms)


elections: General Council - last held 15 and 22 marzec 1998 (next to be held NA); Regional Council - last held 28 marzec 2004 (next to be held w 2010)


election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - various right-wing candidates 13, PCR 10, PS 10, UDF 8, RPR 6, other left-wing candidates 2; Regional Council (second round) - percent of vote by party - PCR 44.9%, UMP 32.8%, PS-Greens 22.3%; seats by party - PCR 27, UMP 11, PS-Greens 7


note: Reunion elects three representatives to the French Senate; elections last held w 2001 (next to be held w 2006); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PRC 1, UDF 1, UMP 1; Reunion also elects five deputies to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 czerwiec-16 czerwiec 2002 (next to be held w 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 3, PS 1, independent 1
Zywotnosc total population: 74.18 years


male: 70.78 years


female: 77.75 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 88.9%


male: 87%


female: 90.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, island w the Ocean Indyjski, east of Madagaskar
Lokalizacja na mapie Swiat
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa registered w other countries: 1 (Bahamas 1) (2006)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Francja
Wojsko no regular indigenous military forces; French forces (includes Army, Navy, Air Force, and Gendarmerie) (2005)
Swieto narodowe Bastille Day, 14 lipiec (1789)
Narodowosc noun: Reunionese (singular and plural)


adjective: Reunionese
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic, devastating cyclones (grudzien to kwiecien); Piton de la Fournaise on the southeastern coast is an active volcano
Surowce naturalne fish, arable land, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Communist Party of Reunion or PCR [Elie HOARAU]; Rally dla the Republic or RPR [Andre Maurice PIHOUEE]; Socialist Party or PS [Michel VERGOZ]; Union dla French Democracy or UDF [Gilbert GERARD]; Union dla a Popular Movement or UMP
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 787,584 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.34% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 55, shortwave 0 (2001)
Religie Roman Catholic 86%, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist (1995)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate system; principal center is Saint-Denis


domestic: modern open-wire and microwave radio relay network


international: country code - 262; radiotelephone communication to Komory, Francja, Madagaskar; new microwave route to Mauritius; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski); fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC/SAFE) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 300,000 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 579,200 (2004)
Stacje telewizyjne 35 (plus 18 low-power repeaters) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.45 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 31% (2002)
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