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Palmyra Atoll (2008)

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Palmyra Atoll 2008 year

 Palmyra Atoll
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 11.9 sq km

land: 11.9 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 20 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background The Kingdom of Hawaii claimed the atoll in 1862, and the US included it among the Hawaiian Islands when it annexed the archipelago in 1898. The Hawaii Statehood Act of 1959 did not include Palmyra Atoll, which is now privately owned by the Nature Conservancy. This organization is managing the atoll as a nature preserve. The lagoons and surrounding waters within the 12 nautical mile US territorial seas were transferred to the US Fish and Wildlife Service and were designated a National Wildlife Refuge in January 2001.
Climate equatorial, hot, and very rainy
Coastline 14.5 km
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Palmyra Atoll
Dependency status incorporated territory of the US; privately owned, but administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior; the Office of Insular Affairs of the US Department of the Interior continues to administer nine excluded areas comprising certain tidal and submerged lands within the 12 nm territorial sea or within the lagoon
Disputes - international none
Economy - overview no economic activity
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 2 m
Environment - current issues NA
Flag description the flag of the US is used
Geographic coordinates 5 52 N, 162 04 W
Geography - note about 50 islets covered with dense vegetation, coconut trees, and balsa-like trees up to 30 meters tall
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (forests and woodlands) (2005)
Legal system the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Location Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and American Samoa
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Population no indigenous inhabitants

note: 4 to 20 Nature Conservancy staff, US Fish and Wildlife staff (July 2007 est.)
Terrain very low
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