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Palau (2004)

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Palau 2004 year

Administrative divisions 16 states; Aimeliik, Airai, Angaur, Hatohobei, Kayangel, Koror, Melekeok, Ngaraard, Ngarchelong, Ngardmau, Ngatpang, Ngchesar, Ngeremlengui, Ngiwal, Peleliu, Sonsorol
Age structure 0-14 years: 26.6% (male 2,746; female 2,578)

15-64 years: 68.8% (male 7,456; female 6,319)

65 years and over: 4.6% (male 437; female 480) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, copra, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes
Airports 3 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Area total: 458 sq km

land: 458 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background After three decades as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific under US administration, this westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands opted for independence in 1978 rather than join the Federated States of Micronesia. A Compact of Free Association with the US was approved in 1986, but not ratified until 1993. It entered into force the following year, when the islands gained independence.
Birth rate 18.69 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $57.7 million

expenditures: $80.8 million, including capital expenditures of $17.1 million (FY98/99 est.)
Capital Koror; note - a new capital is being built about 20 km northeast of Koror
Climate Tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November
Coastline 1,519 km
Constitution 1 January 1981
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Palau

conventional short form: Palau

local long form: Beluu er a Belau

local short form: Belau

former: Palau District (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 6.89 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $0 (FY99/00)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Francis J. RICCIARDONE, US ambassador to the Philippines is accredited to Palau

embassy: Koror (no street address)

mailing address: P. O. Box 6028, Republic of Palau 96940

telephone: [680] 488-2920, 2990

FAX: [680] 488-2911
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Hersey KYOTA

chancery: 1800 K Street NW, Suite 714, Washington, DC 20006

telephone: [1] (202) 452-6814

FAX: [1] (202) 452-6281

consulate(s): Saipan (Northern Mariana Islands)
Disputes - international border delineation disputes being negotiated with Philippines, Indonesia
Economic aid - recipient $155.8 million ; note - the Compact of Free Association with the US, entered into after the end of the UN trusteeship on 1 October 1994, provides Palau with up to $700 million in US aid over 15 years in return for furnishing military facilities
Economy - overview The economy consists primarily of tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing. The government is the major employer of the work force, relying heavily on financial assistance from the US. Business and tourist arrivals numbered 50,000 in FY00/01. The population enjoys a per capita income twice that of the Philippines and much of Micronesia. Long-run prospects for the key tourist sector have been greatly bolstered by the expansion of air travel in the Pacific, the rising prosperity of leading East Asian countries, and the willingness of foreigners to finance infrastructure development.
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Ngerchelchuus 242 m
Environment - current issues inadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging, illegal fishing practices, and overfishing
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70%, Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese) 28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. (since 19 January 2001) and Vice President Camsek CHIN (since 1 January 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. (since 19 January 2001) and Vice President Camsek CHIN (since 1 January 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet

elections: president and vice president elected on separate tickets by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2008)

election results: Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. reelected president; percent of vote - Tommy Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. 64%, Polycarp BASILIUS 33%; Elias Camsek CHIN elected vice president; percent of vote - Elias Camsek CHIN 70%, Sandra PIERANTOZZI 29%
Exports $18 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Exports - commodities shellfish, tuna, copra, garments
Exports - partners US, Japan, Singapore (2000)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description light blue with a large yellow disk (representing the moon) shifted slightly to the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $174 million

note: GDP estimate includes US subsidy (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA

industry: NA

services: NA
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $9,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 7 30 N, 134 30 E
Geography - note westernmost archipelago in the Caroline chain, consists of six island groups totaling more than 300 islands; includes World War II battleground of Beliliou (Peleliu) and world-famous rock islands
Highways total: 61 km

paved: 36 km

unpaved: 25 km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports $99 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, fuels, metals; foodstuffs
Imports - partners US, Guam, Japan, Singapore, Korea (2000)
Independence 1 October 1994 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism, craft items (from shell, wood, pearls), construction, garment making
Infant mortality rate total: 15.3 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 17.07 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 13.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.4% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; National Court; Court of Common Pleas
Labor force 9,845 (2000)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 20%, industry NA, services NA (1990)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 8.7%

permanent crops: 4.35%

other: 86.95% (2001)
Languages English and Palauan official in all states except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, and English are official)
Legal system based on Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Olbiil Era Kelulau (OEK) consists of the Senate (9 seats; members elected by popular vote on a population basis to serve four-year terms) and the House of Delegates (16 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2008); House of Delegates - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2008)

election results: Senate - percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 9 (four new members elected); House of Delegates - percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 16 (one new member elected)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 69.82 years

male: 66.67 years

female: 73.15 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 92%

male: 93%

female: 90% (1980 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm

extended fishing zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US; under a Compact of Free Association between Palau and the US, the US military is granted access to the islands for 50 years
Military branches no regular military forces; Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Constitution Day, 9 July (1979)
Nationality noun: Palauan(s)

adjective: Palauan
Natural hazards typhoons (June to December)
Natural resources forests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Net migration rate 2.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 20,016 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 1.46% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Koror
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2002)
Religions Christian (Roman Catholics 49%, Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Assembly of God, the Liebenzell Mission, and Latter-Day Saints), Modekngei religion (one-third of the population observes this religion, which is indigenous to Palau)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.18 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female

total population: 1.14 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 680; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 6,700 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,000 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (cable) (2005)
Terrain varying geologically from the high, mountainous main island of Babelthuap to low, coral islands usually fringed by large barrier reefs
Total fertility rate 2.46 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.3% (2000 est.)
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