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Palau (2001)

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Palau 2001 year

Administrative divisions 18 states; Aimeliik, Airai, Angaur, Hatobohei, Kayangel, Koror, Melekeok, Ngaraard, Ngarchelong, Ngardmau, Ngatpang, Ngchesar, Ngeremlengui, Ngiwal, Palau Island, Peleliu, Sonsoral, Tobi
Age structure 0-14 years:
26.88% (male 2,641; female 2,491)

15-64 years:
68.46% (male 7,128; female 5,943)

65 years and over:
4.66% (male 420; female 469) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, copra, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes
Airports 3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Area total:
458 sq km

458 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background After three decades as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific under US administration, this westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands opted for independent status in 1978 rather than join the Federated States of Micronesia. A Compact of Free Association with the US was approved in 1986, but not ratified until 1993. It entered into force the following year when the islands gained their independence.
Birth rate 19.64 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$57.7 million

$80.8 million, including capital expenditures of $17.1 million (FY98/99 est.)
Capital Koror; note - a new capital is being built about 20 km northeast of Koror
Climate wet season May to November; hot and humid
Coastline 1,519 km
Constitution 1 January 1981
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Palau

conventional short form:

local long form:
Beluu er a Belau

local short form:

Palau District (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 7.23 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $0 (FY99/00)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
the Ambassador to the Philippines is accredited to Palau; Charge d'Affaires Allen E. NUGENT

address NA, Koror

mailing address:
P. O. Box 6028, Republic of Palau 96940

[680] 488-2920, 2990

[680] 488-2911
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Hersey KYOTA

1150 18th Street NW, Suite 750, Washington, DC 20036

[1] (202) 452-6814

[1] (202) 452-6281
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $155.8 million (1995); note - the Compact of Free Association with the US, entered into after the end of the UN trusteeship on 1 October 1994, will provide Palau with up to $700 million in US aid over 15 years in return for furnishing military facilities
Economy - overview The economy consists primarily of subsistence agriculture and fishing. The government is the major employer of the work force, relying heavily on financial assistance from the US. The population enjoys a per capita income of twice that of the Philippines and much of Micronesia. Long-run prospects for the tourist sector have been greatly bolstered by the expansion of air travel in the Pacific and the rising prosperity of leading East Asian countries.
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Mount Ngerchelchauus 242 m
Environment - current issues inadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging, illegal fishing practices, and overfishing
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70%, Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese) 28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state:
President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. (since 19 January 2001) and Vice President Sandra PIERANTOZZI (since 19 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. (since 19 January 2001) and Vice President Sandra PIERANTOZZI (since 19 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


president and vice president elected on separate tickets by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)

election results:
Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. elected president; percent of vote - Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. 53%, Peter SUGIYAMA 46%; Sandra PIERANTOZZI elected vice president; percent of vote - Sandra PIERANTOZZI 52%, Alan SEID 45%
Exports $14.3 million (f.o.b., 1996)
Exports - commodities trochus (type of shellfish), tuna, copra, handicrafts
Exports - partners US, Japan
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description light blue with a large yellow disk (representing the moon) shifted slightly to the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $129 million (1998 est.)

GDP numbers reflect US spending
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $7,100 (1998 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -1.4% (1998 est.)
Geographic coordinates 7 30 N, 134 30 E
Geography - note includes World War II battleground of Beliliou (Peleliu) and world-famous rock islands; archipelago of six island groups totaling over 200 islands in the Caroline chain
Highways total:
61 km

36 km

25 km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports $126 million (f.o.b., FY99/00)
Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, fuels, metals; foodstuffs
Imports - partners US
Independence 1 October 1994 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, craft items (from shell, wood, pearls), construction, garment making
Infant mortality rate 16.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation ACP, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) NA
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; National Court; Court of Common Pleas
Labor force 8,300 (1999)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

Languages English and Palauan official in all states except Sonsoral (Sonsorolese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, and English are official)
Legal system based on Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Olbiil Era Kelulau (OEK) consists of the Senate (16 seats; members elected by popular vote on a population basis to serve four-year terms) and the House of Delegates (16 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Senate - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004); House of Delegates - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)

election results:
Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; House of Delegates - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA
Life expectancy at birth total population:
68.89 years

65.77 years

72.19 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


90% (1980 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone:
12 NM

extended fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
3 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US; under a Compact of Free Association between Palau and the US, the US military is granted access to the islands for 50 years
Military branches NA
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Constitution Day, 9 July (1979)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards typhoons (June to December)
Natural resources forests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Net migration rate 4.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Palau Nationalist Party [Johnson TORIBIONG]; Ta Belau Party [Kuniwo NAKAMURA]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 19,092 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.69% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Koror
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios 12,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Christian (Catholics, Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses, the Assembly of God, the Liebenzell Mission, and Latter-Day Saints), Modekngei religion (one-third of the population observes this religion which is indigenous to Palau)
Sex ratio at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.2 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.9 male(s)/female

total population:
1.14 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 1,500 (1988)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1988)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain varying geologically from the high, mountainous main island of Babelthuap to low, coral islands usually fringed by large barrier reefs
Total fertility rate 2.47 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.3% (2000 est.)
Waterways none
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