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Norfolk Island (2007)

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Norfolk Island 2007 year

 Norfolk Island
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years: 20.2%

15-64 years: 63.9%

65 years and over: 15.9% (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit; cattle, poultry
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 34.6 sq km

land: 34.6 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
Birth rate NA
Budget revenues: $4.6 million

expenditures: $4.8 million (FY99/00)
Capital name: Kingston

geographic coordinates: 29 03 S, 167 58 E

time difference: UTC+11.5 (16.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 32 km
Constitution Norfolk Island Act of 1979, as amended in 2005
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island

conventional short form: Norfolk Island
Death rate NA
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status self governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Transport and Regional Services
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Tourism, the primary economic activity, has steadily increased over the years and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Bates 319 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesian
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor general

head of government: Administrator Grant TAMBLING (since 1 November 2003)

cabinet: Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Exports $1.5 million f.o.b. (FY91/92)
Exports - commodities postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocados
Exports - partners Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe (2006)
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band
Geographic coordinates 29 02 S, 167 57 E
Geography - note most of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated
Imports $17.9 million c.i.f. (FY91/92)
Imports - commodities NA
Imports - partners Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe (2006)
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industries tourism, light industry, ready mixed concrete
Infant mortality rate total: NA

male: NA

female: NA
International organization participation UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Petty Sessions
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 10%

industry and services: 90%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Languages English (official), Norfolk - a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian
Legal system based on the laws of Australia, local ordinances and acts; English common law applies in matters not covered by either Australian or Norfolk Island law
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 20 October 2004 (next to be held by December 2007)

election results: seats - independents 9 (note - no political parties)
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Literacy NA
Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia
National holiday Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders), 8 June (1856)
Nationality noun: Norfolk Islander(s)

adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)
Natural hazards typhoons (especially May to July)
Natural resources fish
Net migration rate NA
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 2,114 (July 2007 est.)
Population growth rate 0.006% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)
Religions Anglican 34.9%, Roman Catholic 11.7%, Uniting Church in Australia 11.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 2.8%, Australian Christian 2.4%, Jehovah's Witness 0.9%, other 2.7%, unspecified 15.2%, none 18.1% (2001 census)
Sex ratio NA
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate

domestic: free local calls

international: country code - 672; undersea coaxial cable links with Australia, New Zealand, and Canada; satellite earth station
Telephones - main lines in use 2,532; note - a mix of analog (2500) and digital (32) circuits (2004)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0; note - proposed cellular service disallowed in August 2002 island referendum (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (local programming station plus 2 repeaters that air Australian programs by satellite) (2005)
Terrain volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains
Total fertility rate NA
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