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Niue (2005)

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Niue 2005 year

Administrative divisions none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages at the second order
Age structure 0-14 years: NA

15-64 years: NA

65 years and over: NA
Agriculture - products coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
Airports 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 260 sq km

land: 260 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to about 2,150 in 2005), with substantial emigration to New Zealand, 2,400 km to the southwest.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues: NA

expenditures: NA
Capital Alofi
Climate tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Coastline 64 km
Constitution 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Niue

former: Savage Island
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $418,000 (2002 est.)
Dependency status self-governing in free association with New Zealand since 1974; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense; however, these responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of Niue
Diplomatic representation from the US none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $2.6 million from New Zealand (2002)
Economy - overview The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of migration of Niueans to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and a financial services industry, although former Premier LAKATANI announced in February 2002 that Niue will shut down the offshore banking industry. Economic aid from New Zealand in 2002 was about $2.6 million. Niue suffered a devastating hurricane in January 2004, which decimated nascent economic programs. While in the process of rebuilding, Niue has been dependent on foreign aid.
Electricity - consumption 2.79 million kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production 3 million kWh (2002)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m
Environment - current issues increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups Niuen 78.2%, Pacific islander 10.2%, European 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3% (2001 census)
Exchange rates New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 1.5087 (2004), 1.7221 (2003), 2.1622 (2002), 2.3788 (2001), 2.2012 (2000)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner John BRYAN (since NA May 2000)

head of government: Premier Young VIVIAN (since 1 May 2002)

cabinet: Cabinet consists of the premier and three ministers

elections: the monarch is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held 12 May 2005 (next to be held May 2008)

election results: Young VIVIAN reelected premier; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - Young VIVIAN (NPP) 85%, O'Love JACOBSEN (independent) 15%
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $137,200 (1999)
Exports NA
Exports - commodities canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
Exports - partners New Zealand mainly, Fiji, Cook Islands, Australia (2000)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description yellow with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the UK bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large one on a blue disk in the center and a smaller one on each arm of the bold red cross
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA

industry: NA

services: 55%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,600 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -0.3% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 19 02 S, 169 52 W
Geography - note one of world's largest coral islands
Highways total: 234 km

paved: 86 km

unpaved: 148 km (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $2.38 million (1999)
Imports NA
Imports - commodities food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs
Imports - partners New Zealand mainly, Fiji, Japan, Samoa, Australia, US (2000)
Independence on 19 October 1974, Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism, handicrafts, food processing
Infant mortality rate total: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1% (1995)
International organization participation ACP, FAO, PIF, Sparteca, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court of New Zealand; High Court of Niue
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 15.38%

permanent crops: 11.54%

other: 73.08% (2001)
Languages Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English
Legal system English common law

note: Niue is self-governing, with the power to make its own laws
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives)

elections: last held 30 April 2005 (next to be held April 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Literacy definition: NA

total population: 95%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Military branches no regular indigenous military forces; Police Force
National holiday Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
Nationality noun: Niuean(s)

adjective: Niuean
Natural hazards typhoons
Natural resources fish, arable land
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN]; Alliance of Independents or AI [leader NA]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 2,166 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors none; offshore anchorage only
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, unspecified 8.7%, none 1.9% (2001 census)
Sex ratio NA
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system domestic: single-line telephone system connects all villages on island

international: country code - 683
Telephones - main lines in use 1,100 est (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 400 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Total fertility rate NA
Unemployment rate NA
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