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Niue (2001)

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Niue 2001 year

Administrative divisions none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages each with its own village council whose members are elected and serve three-year terms
Age structure 0-14 years:

15-64 years:

65 years and over:
Agriculture - products coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
260 sq km

260 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to 2,100 in 2000) with substantial emigration to New Zealand.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues:

$NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
Capital Alofi
Climate tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Coastline 64 km
Constitution 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:

Savage Island
Currency New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs
Diplomatic representation from the US none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $8.3 million (1995)
Economy - overview Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of migration of Niueans to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and a financial services industry.
Electricity - consumption 2.8 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 3 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m
Environment - current issues increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

signed, but not ratified:
Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups Polynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)
Exchange rates New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 2.2502 (January 2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886 (1999), 1.8629 (1998), 1.5082 (1997), 1.4543 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner John BRYAN (since NA May 2000)

head of government:
Premier Sani LAKATANI (since 1 April 1999)

Cabinet consists of the premier and three ministers

the monarch is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held 19 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2002)

election results:
Sani LAKATANI elected premier; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - NA%
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $117,500 (f.o.b., 1989)
Exports - commodities canned coconut cream, copra, honey, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
Exports - partners NZ 89%, Fiji, Cook Islands, Australia
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description yellow with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the UK bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large one on a blue disk in the center and a smaller one on each arm of the bold red cross
GDP purchasing power parity - $4.5 million (1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,800 (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 19 02 S, 169 52 W
Geography - note one of world's largest coral islands
Highways total:
234 km

86 km

148 km (106 km of which is access and plantation road) (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $4.1 million (c.i.f., 1989)
Imports - commodities food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs
Imports - partners NZ 59%, Fiji 20%, Japan 13%, Samoa, Australia, US
Independence on 19 October 1974, Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, handicrafts, food processing
Infant mortality rate NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1% (1995)
International organization participation ACP, ESCAP (associate), FAO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court of New Zealand; High Court of Niue
Labor force 450 (1992 est.)
Labor force - by occupation most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

50% (1993 est.)
Languages Polynesian closely related to Tongan and Samoan, English
Legal system English common law
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives)

last held 19 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2002)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP 9, independents 11
Life expectancy at birth total population:
NA years

NA years

NA years
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of New Zealand
Military branches Police Force
National holiday Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards typhoons
Natural resources fish, arable land
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Sani LAKATANI]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 2,124 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.5% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none; offshore anchorage only
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 1,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 75%, Latter-Day Saints 10%, other 15% (mostly Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
primitive system

single-line telephone system connects all villages on island

Telephones - main lines in use 376 (1991)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1991)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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