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Navassa Island (2008)

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Navassa Island 2008 year

 Navassa Island
Area total: 5.4 sq km

land: 5.4 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background This uninhabited island was claimed by the US in 1857 for its guano. Mining took place between 1865 and 1898. The lighthouse, built in 1917, was shut down in 1996 and administration of Navassa Island transferred from the Coast Guard to the Department of the Interior. A 1998 scientific expedition to the island described it as a unique preserve of Caribbean biodiversity; the following year it became a National Wildlife Refuge and annual scientific expeditions have continued.
Climate marine, tropical
Coastline 8 km
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Navassa Island
Dependency status unorganized, unincorporated territory of the US; administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service, US Department of the Interior, from the Caribbean Islands National Wildlife Refuge in Boqueron, Puerto Rico; in September 1996, the Coast Guard ceased operations and maintenance of Navassa Island Light, a 46-meter-tall lighthouse on the southern side of the island; there has also been a private claim advanced against the island
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of the US)
Disputes - international claimed by Haiti, source of subsistence fishing
Economy - overview Subsistence fishing and commercial trawling occur within refuge waters.
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on southwest side 77 m
Environment - current issues NA
Flag description the flag of the US is used
Geographic coordinates 18 25 N, 75 02 W
Geography - note strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock with numerous solution holes but with enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig trees, scattered cactus
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Legal system the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Location Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, 35 miles west of Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
Natural hazards hurricanes
Natural resources guano
Population uninhabited

note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Terrain raised coral and limestone plateau, flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)
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