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Martynika (2006)

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MartynikaMartynika (2001) (porownaj)
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MartynikaMartynika (2005) (porownaj)


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Martynika 2006 roku

 Martynika
Podzial administracyjny none (overseas department of Francja)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 22.1% (male 48,988/female 47,525)


15-64 years: 67.3% (male 147,082/female 146,470)


65 years and over: 10.6% (male 20,791/female 25,275) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane
Lotniska 2 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


over 3,047 m: 1 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2006)
Terytorium total: 1,100 sq km


land: 1,060 sq km


water: 40 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The French began to settle this island w 1635, overcoming resistance from the local Carib inhabitants. In 1660, the suviving natives were rounded up and permanently expelled. The island has subsequently remained a French possession except dla three brief periods of foreign occupation.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.74 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $317.5 million


expenditures: $317.5 million; including capital expenditures of $140 million (1996)
Stolica name: Fort-de-Francja


geographic coordinates: 14 36 N, 61 05 W


time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (czerwiec to pazdziernik); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid
Linia brzegowa 350 km
Konstytucja 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Department of Martynika


conventional short form: Martynika


local long form: Departement de la Martynika


local short form: Martynika
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.48 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $180 million (1994)
Podleglosc overseas department of Francja
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas department of Francja)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas department of Francja)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA; note - substantial annual aid from Francja (1998)
Ekonomia The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts dla about 6% of Produkt krajowy brutto and the small industrial sector dla 11%. Sugar production has declined, z most of the sugarcane now used dla the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, going mostly to Francja. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from Francja. Tourism, which employs more than 11,000 people, has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.12 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.205 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m


highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Grupy etniczne African and African-white-Indien mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indien and Chinese less than 5%
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of Francja (since 17 maj 1995); Prefect Yves DASSONVILLE (since 14 styczen 2004); note - took office 8 luty 2004


head of government: President of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 marzec 1992); President of the Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE (since NA marzec 1998)


cabinet: NA


elections: French president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils dla six-year terms
Eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Eksport $404.2 million f.o.b. (2002)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples
Eksport - partnerzy Francja 45%, Gwadelupa 28% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi unofficial flag, derives from the civil ensign flown by French merchant ships and dates to 1766; a blue field quartered by a white cross; w the center of each rectangle is a white, coiled snake representing the venomous Fer-de-lance; the flag of Francja is used dla official occasions
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6%


industry: 11%


services: 83% (1997 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne 14 40 N, 61 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne the island is dominated by Mount Pelee, which on 8 maj 1902 erupted and completely destroyed the city of Saint Pierre, killing 30,000 inhabitants
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transshipment point dla cocaine and marijuana bound dla the US and Europe
Import 0 kWh (2003)
Import $2.307 billion c.i.f. (2002)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
Import - partnerzy Francja 62%, Wenezuela 6%, Niemcy 4%, Wlochy 4%, US 3% (2004)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas department of Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 6.95 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 4.68 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 9.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja NA
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji UPU, WCL, WFTU
Nawadniane tereny 70 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
Sila robocza 165,900 (1998)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 10%


industry: 17%


services: 73% (1997)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 9.09%


permanent crops: 10%


other: 80.91% (2005)
Jezyki French, Creole patois
System prawny French legal system
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral General Council or Conseil General (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)


elections: General Council - last held marzec 2000 (next to be held w 2006); Regional Council - last held on 28 marzec 2004 (next to be held by marzec 2010)


election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - left-wing candidates 13, PPM 11, RPR 6, right-wing candidates 5, PCM 3, UDF 3, PMS 2, independents 2; note - the PPM won a plurality; Regional Council (second round) - percent of vote by party - MIM 53.8%, PPM 30.6%; seats by party - MIM 28, PPM 9, other 4


note: Martynika elects 2 seats to the French Senate; elections last held wrzesien 2004 (next to be held wrzesien 2008); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPM 1, left-wing candidate 1; Martynika also elects 4 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 9 czerwiec 2002, second round - 16 czerwiec 2002 (next to be held not later than czerwiec 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP-RPR 1, PMS 1, MIM 1, left-wing candidate 1 (candidacy of the left-wing candidate was found invalid by the Konstytucjaal Council; new elections will be called)
Zywotnosc total population: 79.18 years


male: 79.5 years


female: 78.85 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 97.7%


male: 97.4%


female: 98.1% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Ocean Atlantycki, north of Trynidad i Tobago
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Francja
Wojsko no regular military forces; Gendarmerie
Swieto narodowe Bastille Day, 14 lipiec (1789)
Narodowosc noun: Martiniquais (singular and plural)


adjective: Martiniquais
Naturalne zagrozenia hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)
Surowce naturalne coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Martynika Communist Party or PCM [Georges ERICHOT]; Martynika Niepodleglosc Movement or MIM [Alfred MARIE-JEANNE]; Martynika Progressive Party or PPM [Pierre SUEDILE]; Martynika Socialist Party or PMS [Ernest WAN-AJOUHU]; Movement of Democrats and Ecologists dla a Sovereign Martynika or Modemas [Garcin MALSA]; Rally dla the Republic or RPR [Michel CHARLONE]; Socialist Revolution Group or GRS [Philippe PIERRE-CHARLES]; Union dla French Democracy or UDF [Jean MAREN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Caribbean Revolutionary Alliance or ARC; Central Union dla Martynika Workers or CSTM [Marc PULVAR]; Frantz Fanon Circle; League of Workers and Peasants; Proletarian Action Group or GAP
Ludnosc 436,131 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.72% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 14, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 10.5%, Muslim 0.5%, Hindu 0.5%, other 3.5% (1997)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female


total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: domestic facilities are adequate


domestic: NA


international: country code - 596; microwave radio relay to Gwadelupa, Dominika, and Saint Lucia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 172,000 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 319,900 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 11 (plus nine repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mountainous z indented coastline; dormant volcano
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.79 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 27.2% (1998)
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