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Martinique (2004)

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Martinique 2004 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas department of France)
Age structure 0-14 years: 22.6% (male 49,245; female 47,845)

15-64 years: 67% (male 143,893; female 143,963)

65 years and over: 10.4% (male 20,043; female 24,521) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane
Airports 2 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 1,100 sq km

land: 1,060 sq km

water: 40 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC
Background Colonized by France in 1635, the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.
Birth rate 14.56 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $900 million

expenditures: $2.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $140 million (1996)
Capital Fort-de-France
Climate tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid
Coastline 350 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Department of Martinique

conventional short form: Martinique

local long form: Departement de la Martinique

local short form: Martinique
Currency euro (EUR)
Death rate 6.43 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $180 million (1994)
Dependency status overseas department of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas department of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA; note - substantial annual aid from France (1998)
Economy - overview The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GDP and the small industrial sector for 11%. Sugar production has declined, with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism, which employs more than 11,000 people, has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange.
Electricity - consumption 1.07 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 1.151 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 0.8860 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995); Prefect Yves DASSONVILLE (since 14 January 2004); note - took office 8 February 2004

head of government: President of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 March 1992); President of the Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE (since NA March 1998)

cabinet: NA

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $250 million f.o.b. (1997)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples (2001 est.)
Exports - partners France 45%, Guadeloupe 28% (2000)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a light blue background is divided into four quadrants by a white cross; in the center of each rectangle is a white snake; the flag of France is used for official occasions
GDP purchasing power parity - $6.117 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 6%

industry: 11%

services: 83% (1997 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $14,400 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 14 40 N, 61 00 W
Geography - note the island is dominated by Mount Pelee, which on 8 May 1902 erupted and completely destroyed the city of Saint Pierre, killing 30,000 inhabitants
Highways total: 2,105 km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $2 billion c.i.f. (1997)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
Imports - partners France 62%, Venezuela 6%, Germany 4%, Italy 4%, US 3% (2000)
Independence none (overseas department of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism
Infant mortality rate total: 7.27 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.79 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.9% (1990)
International organization participation UPU, WCL, WFTU
Irrigated land 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
Labor force 165,900 (1998)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73% (1997)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 10.38%

permanent crops: 9.43%

other: 80.19% (2001)
Languages French, Creole patois
Legal system French legal system
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Assembly or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: General Council - last held NA March 2000 (next to be held NA 2006); Regional Assembly - last held on 28 March 2004 (next to be held by March 2010)

election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - left-wing candidates 13, PPM 11, RPR 6, right-wing candidates 5, PCM 3, UDF 3, PMS 2, independents 2; note - the PPM won a plurality; Regional Assembly (second round) - percent of vote by party - MIM 53.8%, PPM 30.6%; seats by party - MIM 28, PPM 9, other 4

note: Martinique elects 2 seats to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 2001 (next to be held September 2004); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPM 2; Martinique also elects 4 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 9 June 2002, second round - 16 June 2002 (next to be held not later than June 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP-RPR 1, PS 1, MIM 1, left-wing candidate 1 (candidacy of the left-wing candidate was found invalid by the Constitutional Council; new elections will be called)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.88 years

male: 79.35 years

female: 78.4 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.7%

male: 97.4%

female: 98.1% (2003 est.)
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches no regular military forces; Gendarmerie
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: Martiniquais (singular and plural)

adjective: Martiniquais
Natural hazards hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)
Natural resources coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land
Net migration rate -0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Martinique Communist Party or PCM [Georges ERICHOT]; Martinique Independence Movement or MIM [Alfred MARIE-JEANNE]; Martinique Progressive Party or PPM [Pierre SUEDILE]; Martinique Socialist Party or PMS [Ernest WAN-AJOUHU]; Movement of Democrats and Ecologists for a Sovereign Martinique or Modemas [Garcin MALSA]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Michel CHARLONE]; Socialist Revolution Group or GRS [Philippe PIERRE-CHARLES]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Jean MAREN]
Political pressure groups and leaders Caribbean Revolutionary Alliance or ARC; Central Union for Martinique Workers or CSTM [Marc PULVAR]; Frantz Fanon Circle; League of Workers and Peasants; Proletarian Action Group or GAP
Population 429,510 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.81% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Fort-de-France, La Trinite
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 14, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 10.5%, Muslim 0.5%, Hindu 0.5%, other 3.5% (1997)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: domestic facilities are adequate

domestic: NA

international: country code - 596; microwave radio relay to Guadeloupe, Dominica, and Saint Lucia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 172,000 est (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 319,900 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 11 (plus nine repeaters) (1997)
Terrain mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano
Total fertility rate 1.79 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 27.2% (1998)
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