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Malediwy (2005)

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Malediwy 2005 roku

Podzial administracyjny 19 atolls (atholhu, singular and plural) and 1 other first-order administrative division*; Alifu, Baa, Dhaalu, Faafu, Gaafu Alifu, Gaafu Dhaalu, Gnaviyani, Haa Alifu, Haa Dhaalu, Kaafu, Laamu, Lhaviyani, Maale*, Meemu, Noonu, Raa, Seenu, Shaviyani, Thaa, Vaavu
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.9% (male 78,794/female 74,505)

15-64 years: 53% (male 94,488/female 90,624)

65 years and over: 3.1% (male 5,339/female 5,356) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish
Lotniska 5 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 300 sq km

land: 300 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The Malediwy was long a sultanate, first under Dutch and then under British protection. It became a republic w 1968, three years after independence. Since 1978, President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM - currently w his sixth term w office - has dominated the islands' political scene. Following riots w the capital Male w sierpien 2004, the president and his government have pledged to embark upon democratic reforms, including a more representative political system and expanded political freedoms. Tourism and fishing are being developed on the archipelago.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 35.43 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $224 million (excluding foreign grants)

expenditures: $282 million, including capital expenditures of $80 million (2002 est.)
Stolica Male
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (listopad to marzec); rainy, southwest monsoon (czerwiec to sierpien)
Linia brzegowa 644 km
Konstytucja adopted 1 styczen 1998
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Malediwy

conventional short form: Malediwy

local long form: Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa

local short form: Dhivehi Raajje
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.24 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $281 million (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Malediwy; the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka is accredited to Malediwy and makes periodic visits there
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Mohamed LATHEEF

chancery: 800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400E, New York, NY 10017

telephone: [1] (212) 599-6195
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie NA (1995)
Ekonomia Tourism, Malediwy' largest industry, accounts dla 20% of Produkt krajowy brutto and more than 60% of the Malediwy' foreign exchange receipts. Over 90% of government tax revenue comes from import duties and tourism-related taxes. Fishing is a second leading sector. The Maldivian Government began an economic reform program w 1989 initially by lifting import quotas and opening some exports to the private sector. Subsequently, it has liberalized regulations to allow more foreign investment. Agriculture and manufacturing continue to play a lesser role w the economy, constrained by the limited availability of cultivable land and the shortage of domestic labor. Most staple foods must be imported. Industry, which consists mainly of garment production, boat building, and handicrafts, accounts dla about 18% of Produkt krajowy brutto. Maldivian authorities worry about the impact of erosion and possible global warming on their low-lying country; 80% of the area is one meter or less above sea level. In late grudzien 2004, a major tsunami left more than 100 dead, 12,000 displaced, and property damage exceeding $300 million.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 115.7 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 124.4 million kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Wilingili island w the Addu Atoll 2.4 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies; global warming and sea level rise; coral reef bleaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne South Indiens, Sinhalese, Arabs
Kurs waluty rufiyaa per US dollar - 12.8 (2004), 12.8 (2003), 12.8 (2002), 12.24 (2001), 11.77 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 listopad 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 listopad 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president nominated by the Majlis and then the nomination must be ratified by a national referendum (at least a 51% approval margin is required); president elected dla a five-year term; election last held 17 pazdziernik 2003 (next to be held NA 2008)

election results: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM reelected w referendum held 17 pazdziernik 2003; percent of popular vote - Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM 90.3%
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $90 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary fish, clothing
Eksport - partnerzy US 26.5%, Tajlandia 23.5%, Sri Lanka 12.3%, Japonia 11.7%, UK 9.8%, Niemcy 4.9% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red z a large green rectangle w the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 20%

industry: 18%

services: 62% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,900 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.3% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 3 15 N, 73 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus 80 islands z tourist resorts); archipelago z strategic location astride and along major sea lanes w Ocean Indyjski
Autostrady total: NA km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $392 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary petroleum products, ships, foodstuffs, textiles, clothing, intermediate and capital goods
Import - partnerzy Singapur 24.9%, Sri Lanka 10.6%, UAE 10.3%, Indie 10.2%, Malezja 7.6%, Bahrajn 5.4% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 26 lipiec 1965 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.4% (1996 est.)
Przemysl fish processing, tourism, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 56.52 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 55.63 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 57.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 1% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AsDB, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sadownictwo High Court
Sila robocza 88,000 (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 22%, industry 18%, services 60% (1995)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 13.33%

permanent crops: 16.67%

other: 70% (2001)
Jezyki Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English spoken by most government officials
System prawny based on Islamic law z admixtures of English common law primarily w commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral People's Council or Majlis (50 seats; 42 elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 22 styczen 2005 (next to be held NA 2010)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 50
Zywotnosc total population: 64.06 years

male: 62.76 years

female: 65.42 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.2%

male: 97.1%

female: 97.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Asia, group of atolls w the Ocean Indyjski, south-southwest of Indie
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 16 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 57,118 GRT/72,831 DWT

by type: cargo 12, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 1

registered w other countries: 1 (2005)
Wojsko National Security Service includes Security Branch (ground forces), Air Element, Coast Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $41.1 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5.5% (2004)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 lipiec (1965)
Narodowosc noun: Maldivian(s)

adjective: Maldivian
Naturalne zagrozenia low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise
Surowce naturalne fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy although political parties are not banned, none exist
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 349,106 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny 2.82% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Male
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Sunni Muslim
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female

total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: minimal domestic and international facilities

domestic: interatoll communication through microwave links; all inhabited islands are connected z telephone and fax service

international: country code - 960; satellite earth station - 3 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 28,700 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 41,900 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat, z white sandy beaches
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.02 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NEGL% (2003 est.)
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