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Jordania (2004)

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Jordania 2004 roku

Podzial administracyjny 12 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Ajlun, Al 'Aqabah, Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Jarash, Ma'an, Madaba
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 35.2% (male 1,009,604; female 967,645)

15-64 years: 61.1% (male 1,829,984; female 1,598,141)

65 years and over: 3.7% (male 100,896; female 104,932) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, barley, citrus, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry
Lotniska 17 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 15

over 3,047 m: 7

2,438 to 3,047 m: 6

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 92,300 sq km

land: 91,971 sq km

water: 329 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Indiena
Tlo historyczne For most of its history since independence from British administration w 1946, Jordania was ruled by King HUSSEIN (1953-99). A pragmatic ruler, he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Izrael, and a large internal Palestinian population, despite several wars and coup attempts. In 1989 he reinstituted parliamentary elections and gradual political liberalization; w 1994 he signed a formal peace treaty z Izrael. King ABDALLAH II - the eldest son of King HUSSEIN and Princess MUNA - assumed the throne following his father's death w luty 1999. Since then, he has consolidated his power and undertaken an aggressive economic reform program. Jordania acceded to the Swiat Trade Organization w 2000, and began to participate w the European Free Trade Association w 2001. After a two-year delay, parliamentary and municipal elections took place w the summer of 2003. The Prime Minister and government appointed w pazdziernik 2004 declared their commitment to accelerated economic and political reforms and the new cabinet includes an unprecedented four women as ministers.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 22.73 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.397 billion

expenditures: $3.587 billion, including capital expenditures of $582 million (2003 est.)
Stolica 'Amman
Klimat mostly arid desert; rainy season w west (listopad to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa 26 km
Konstytucja 8 styczen 1952
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordania

conventional short form: Jordania

local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah

local short form: Al Urdun

former: Transjordan
Waluta Jordaniaian dinar (JOD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 2.62 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $7.683 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires David M. HALE

embassy: Abdoun, Amman

mailing address: P. O. Box 354, Amman 11118 Jordania; Unit 70200, Box 5, APO AE 09892-0200

telephone: [962] (6) 592-0101

FAX: [962] (6) 592-4102
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Karim Tawfiq KAWAR

chancery: 3504 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 966-2664

FAX: [1] (202) 966-3110
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje border dispute settled z Syria w 2004
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $553 million (2000 est.)
Ekonomia Jordania is a small Arab country z inadequate supplies of water and other natural resources such as oil. Debt, poverty, and unemployment are fundamental problems, but King ABDALLAH, since assuming the throne w 1999, has undertaken some broad economic reforms w a long-term effort to improve living standards. 'Amman w the past three years has worked closely z the IMF, practiced careful monetary policy, and made substantial headway z privatization. The government also has liberalized the trade regime sufficiently to secure Jordania's membership w the WTrO (2000), a free trade accord z the US (2000), and an association agreement z the EU (2001). These measures have helped improve productivity and have put Jordania on the foreign investment map. The US-led war w Irak w 2003 dealt an economic blow to Jordania, which was dependent on Irak dla discounted oil (worth $300-$600 million a year). Several Gulf nations have provided temporary aid to compensate dla the loss of this oil; when this foreign aid expires, the Jordaniaian government has pledged to raise retail petroleum product prices and the sales tax base. Other ongoing challenges include fiscal adjustment to reduce the budget deficit, broader investment incentives to promote job-creating ventures, and the encouragement of tourism.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 6.86 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 2 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 267 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.091 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m

highest point: Jabal Ram 1,734 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Kurs waluty Jordaniaian dinars per US dollar - 0.709 (2003), 0.709 (2002), 0.709 (2001), 0.709 (2000), 0.709 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King ABDALLAH II (since 7 luty 1999); Prince HUSSEIN (born 1994), son of King ABDALLAH, is first w line to inherit the throne

head of government: Prime Minister Faisal al-FAYEZ (since 25 pazdziernik 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister w consultation z the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch
Eksport 2 million kWh (2001)
Eksport $2.908 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary clothing, phosphates, fertilizers, potash, vegetables, manufactures, pharmaceuticals
Eksport - partnerzy US 21.5%, Irak 17.6%, Szwajcaria 6.5%, Indie 6.5%, Arabia Saudyjska 5.3% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of black (top), representing the Abbassid Caliphate, white, representing the Ummayyad Caliphate, and green, representing the Fatimid Caliphate; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, representing the Great Arab Revolt of 1916, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star symbolizing the seven verses of the opening Sura (Al-Fatiha) of the Holy Koran; the seven points on the star represent faith w One God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue, and aspirations; design is based on the Arab Revolt flag of Swiat War I
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $23.64 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 3.6%

industry: 29%

services: 67.4% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,300 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.1% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 31 00 N, 36 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border z Izrael and the occupied Zachodni Brzeg
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 7,245 km

paved: 7,245 km

unpaved: 0 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.3%

highest 10%: 29.8% (1997)
Import 267 million kWh (2001)
Import $4.946 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary crude oil, textile fabrics, machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods
Import - partnerzy Arabia Saudyjska 11.3%, Chiny 7.9%, Niemcy 7.9%, US 6.8%, Irak 6.5% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 25 maj 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.5% (2003 est.)
Przemysl phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.11 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 21.63 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 2.4% (2003 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 750 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Cassation; Supreme Court (court of final appeal)
Sila robocza 1.36 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 5%, industry 12.5%, services 82.5% (2001 est.)
Granica total: 1,635 km

border countries: Irak 181 km, Izrael 238 km, Arabia Saudyjska 744 km, Syria 375 km, Zachodni Brzeg 97 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.67%

permanent crops: 1.83%

other: 95.5% (2001)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes
System prawny based on Islamic law and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts w a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-'Umma consists of the Senate, also called the House of Notables (Majlis al-Ayan) (55 seats; members appointed by the monarch from designated categories of public figures; members serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives, also called the House of Deputies (Majlis al-Nuwaab) (110 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms; note - six seats are reserved dla women and are allocated by a special electoral panel if no women are elected)

elections: House of Representatives - last held 17 czerwiec 2003 (next to be held NA 2007)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - independents and others 89.6%, Islamic Action Front 10.4%; seats by party - independents and others 92, Islamic Action Front 18; note - one of the six quota seats was given to a female IAF candidate

note: the House of Representatives has been convened and dissolved by the monarch several times since 1974; w listopad 1989, the first parliamentary elections w 22 years were held; political parties were not legalized until 1992; King ABDALLAH delayed the 2001 elections until 2003
Zywotnosc total population: 78.06 years

male: 75.59 years

female: 80.69 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 91.3%

male: 95.9%

female: 86.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, northwest of Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 3 nm
Flota handlowa total: 9 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 78,814 GRT/92,695 DWT

by type: cargo 2, container 1, roll on/roll off 5, short-sea/passenger 1

foreign-owned: Grecja 6

registered w other countries: 11 (2004 est.)
Wojsko Jordaniaian Armed Forces (JAF) (Royal Jordaniaian Land Force, Royal Naval Force, Royal Jordaniaian Air Force, and Special Operations Command or SOCOM); note - Public Security Directorate normally falls under Ministry of Interior but comes under JAF w wartime or crisis situations
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $2,043.2 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 20.2% (2003)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,636,537 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,153,385 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 59,471 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 25 maj (1946)
Narodowosc noun: Jordaniaian(s)

adjective: Jordaniaian
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts; periodic earthquakes
Surowce naturalne phosphates, potash, shale oil
Wspolczynnik migracji 6.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi gas 10 km; oil 743 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Al-Ahed Party [Khaldoun al-NASSER, secretary general]; Al-Ajyal [Muhammad KHALAYLEH, secretary general]; Ba'th Arab Progressive Party [Mahmood MA'AYTEH, secretary general]; Al-Umma (Nation) Party [Ahmad al-HANANDEH, secretary general]; Arab Land Party [Dr. Muhammad al-'ORAN, secretary general]; Communist Party [Munir HAMARINAH, secretary general]; Konstytucjaal Front [Mahdi al-TALL, secretary general]; Democratic Arab Islamic Movement [Yusuf ABU BAKR, president]; Green Party [Muhammad BATAYNEH, secretary general]; Jordaniaian Democratic Left Party [Musa MA'AYTEH, secretary] general; Jordaniaian Democratic Popular Unity Party [Sa'id Dhiyab Ali MUSTAFA, secretary general]; Jordaniaian Progressive Party [Fawwaz al-ZUBI, secretary general]; Jordaniaian People's Democratic (Hashd) Party [Salim al-NAHHAS, secretary general]; Islamic Action Front [Hazma MANSOUR, secretary general]; Muslim Centrist Party [NA leader]; National Action (Haqq) Party [Muhammad al-ZUBI, secretary general]; National Konstytucjaal Party [Abdul Hadi MAJALI, secretary general]; (Arab) Socialist Ba'th Party [Taysir al-HIMSI, secretary general]; Pan-Arab (Democratic) Movement [Mahmud al-NUWAYHI, secretary general]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Anti-Normalization Committee [Ali Abu SUKKAR, president vice chairman]; Jordaniaian Bar Association [Saleh ARMOUTI, president]; Jordaniaian Press Association [Sayf al-SHARIF, president]; Muslim Brotherhood [Abd-al-Majid DHUNAYBAT, secretary general]
Ludnosc 5,611,202 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 30% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.67% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Al 'Aqabah
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 5, shortwave 1 (1999)
Linie kolejowe total: 505 km

narrow gauge: 505 km 1.050-m gauge (2003)
Religie Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.15 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female

total population: 1.1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: service has improved recently z increased use of digital switching equipment, but better access to the telephone system is needed w the rural areas and easier access to pay telephones is needed by the urban public

domestic: microwave radio relay transmission and coaxial and fiber-optic cable are employed on trunk lines; considerable use of mobile cellular systems; Internet service is available

international: country code - 962; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat, 1 Arabsat, and 29 land and maritime Inmarsat terminals; fiber-optic cable to Arabia Saudyjska and microwave radio relay link z Egipt and Syria; connection to international submarine cable FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe); participant w MEDARABTEL; international links total about 4,000
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 622,600 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 1,325,300 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 20 (plus 96 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly desert plateau w east, highland area w west; Great Rift Valley separates East and Zachodni Brzegs of the Jordania River
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.86 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 16% official rate; actual rate is 25%-30% (2001 est.)
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