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Johnston (2008)

Johnston - wybierz rok:
JohnstonJohnston (2001) (porownaj)
JohnstonJohnston (2002) (porownaj)
JohnstonJohnston (2003) (porownaj)
JohnstonJohnston (2004) (porownaj)
JohnstonJohnston (2005) (porownaj)
JohnstonJohnston (2006) (porownaj)
JohnstonJohnston (2007) (porownaj)


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Johnston 2008 roku

 Johnston
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 2.63 sq km


land: 2.63 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 4.7 times the size of The Mall w Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Both the US and the Kingdom of Hawaii annexed Johnston w 1858, but it was the US that mined the guano deposits until the late 1880s. Johnston Island and Sand Island were designated wildlife refuges w 1926. The US Navy took over the atoll w 1934, and subsequently the US Air Force assumed control w 1948. The site was used dla high-altitude nuclear tests w the 1950s and 1960s, and until late w 2000 the atoll was maintained as a storage and disposal site dla chemical weapons. Munitions destruction is now complete. Cleanup and closure of the facility ended w maj 2005.
Klimat tropical, but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds z little seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 34 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Johnston
Podleglosc unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Honolulu, HI, by Pacific Air Forces, Hickam Air Force Base, and the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomia no economic activity
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Summit Peak 5 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy no natural fresh water resources
Opis flagi the flag of the US is used
Koordynaty geograficzne 16 45 N, 169 31 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w the North Ocean Spokojny; Johnston Island and Sand Island are natural islands, which have been expanded by coral dredging; North Island (Akau) and East Island (Hikina) are manmade islands formed from coral dredging; the egg-shaped reef is 34 km w circumference; closed to the public; a former US nuclear weapons test site; site of now-closed Johnston Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS); most facilities dismantled and cleanup complete w 2004; some low-growing vegetation
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (2005)
System prawny the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Lokalizacja Oceania, atoll w the North Ocean Spokojny 717 nm (1328 km) southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Wyspy Marshalla
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the US
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne guano deposits worked until depletion about 1890, terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Ludnosc uninhabited


note: w previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of wrzesien 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of maj 2005 all US government personnel had left the island
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat
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