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Jarvis Island (2008)

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Jarvis Island 2008 year

 Jarvis Island
Area total: 4.5 sq km

land: 4.5 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background First discovered by the British in 1821, the uninhabited island was annexed by the US in 1858, but abandoned in 1879 after tons of guano had been removed. The UK annexed the island in 1889, but never carried out plans for further exploitation. The US occupied and reclaimed the island in 1935. Abandoned after World War II, the island is currently a National Wildlife Refuge administered by the US Department of the Interior.
Climate tropical; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Coastline 8 km
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Jarvis Island
Dependency status unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Disputes - international none
Economy - overview no economic activity
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Environment - current issues no natural fresh water resources
Flag description the flag of the US is used
Geographic coordinates 0 22 S, 160 01 W
Geography - note sparse bunch grass, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Irrigated land 0 sq km
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Legal system the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and the Cook Islands
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island poses a maritime hazard
Natural resources guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Population uninhabited

note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Terrain sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Transportation - note there is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast
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