Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol


Japonia (2004)

Japonia - wybierz rok:
JaponiaJaponia (2001) (porownaj)
JaponiaJaponia (2002) (porownaj)
JaponiaJaponia (2003) (porownaj)
JaponiaJaponia (2005) (porownaj)
JaponiaJaponia (2006) (porownaj)
JaponiaJaponia (2007) (porownaj)
JaponiaJaponia (2008) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Japonia 2004 roku

Podzial administracyjny 47 prefectures; Aichi, Akita, Aomori, Chiba, Ehime, Fukui, Fukuoka, Fukushima, Gifu, Gumma, Hiroshima, Hokkaido, Hyogo, Ibaraki, Ishikawa, Iwate, Kagawa, Kagoshima, Kanagawa, Kochi, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Mie, Miyagi, Miyazaki, Nagano, Nagasaki, Nara, Niigata, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka, Saga, Saitama, Shiga, Shimane, Shizuoka, Tochigi, Tokushima, Tokyo, Tottori, Toyama, Wakayama, Yamagata, Yamaguchi, Yamanashi
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 14.3% (male 9,337,867; female 8,876,996)

15-64 years: 66.7% (male 42,697,264; female 42,196,835)

65 years and over: 19% (male 10,169,190; female 14,054,850) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit, pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs, fish
Lotniska 174 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 143

over 3,047 m: 7

2,438 to 3,047 m: 37

1,524 to 2,437 m: 39

914 to 1,523 m: 28

under 914 m: 32 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 31

over 3047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 26 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 377,835 sq km

land: 374,744 sq km

water: 3,091 sq km

note: includes Bonin Islands (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto)
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than California
Tlo historyczne In 1603, a Tokugawa shogunate (military dictatorship) ushered w a long period of isolation from foreign influence w order to secure its power. For 250 years this policy enabled Japonia to enjoy stability and a flowering of its indigenous culture. Following the Treaty of Kanagawa z the Stany Zjednoczone w 1854, Japonia opened its ports and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japonia became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both Chiny and Rosja. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Tajwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1933 Japonia occupied Manchuria and w 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of Chiny. Japonia attacked US forces w 1941 - triggering America's entry into Swiat War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat w Swiat War II, Japonia recovered to become an economic power and a staunch ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, actual power rests w networks of powerful politicians, bureaucrats, and business executives. The economy experienced a major slowdown starting w the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth, but Japonia still remains a major economic power, both w Asia and globally. In 2005, Japonia began a two-year term as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 9.56 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.327 trillion

expenditures: $1.646 trillion, including capital expenditures (public works only) of about $71 billion (2003 est.)
Stolica Tokyo
Klimat varies from tropical w south to cool temperate w north
Linia brzegowa 29,751 km
Konstytucja 3 maj 1947
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Japonia
Waluta yen (JPY)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.75 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne NA (2002 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Howard H. BAKER, Jr.

embassy: 10-5 Akasaka 1-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-8420

mailing address: Unit 45004, Box 258, APO AP 96337-5004

telephone: [81] (03) 3224-5000

FAX: [81] (03) 3505-1862

consulate(s) general: Naha (Okinawa), Osaka-Kobe, Sapporo

consulate(s): Fukuoka, Nagoya
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ryozo KATO

chancery: 2520 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 238-6700

FAX: [1] (202) 328-2187

consulate(s) general: Anchorage, Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Detroit, Hagatna (Guam), Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Portland (Oregon), San Francisco, and Seattle

consulate(s): Saipan (Mariany Polnocne)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje The sovereignty dispute over the islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, and Shikotan, and the Habomai group, known w Japonia as the "Northern Territories" and w Rosja as the "Southern Kuril Islands", occupied by the Soviet Union w 1945, now administered by Rosja and claimed by Japonia, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending Swiat War II hostilities; intensified media coverage and protests highlight dispute over the fishing-rich Liancourt Rocks (Tok-do/Take-shima) also claimed by South Korea; Chiny and Tajwan have intensified their claims to the Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu Tai) administered by Japonia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $7 billion (FY03/04)
Ekonomia Government-industry cooperation, a strong work ethic, mastery of high technology, and a comparatively small defense allocation (1% of Produkt krajowy brutto) helped Japonia advance z extraordinary rapidity to the rank of second most technologically-powerful economy w the world after the US and third-largest economy after the US and Chiny. One notable characteristic of the economy is the working together of manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors w closely-knit groups called keiretsu. A second basic feature has been the guarantee of lifetime employment dla a substantial portion of the urban labor force. Both features are now eroding. Industry, the most important sector of the economy, is heavily dependent on imported raw materials and fuels. The much smaller agricultural sector is highly subsidized and protected, z crop yields among the highest w the world. Usually self-sufficient w rice, Japonia must import about 50% of its requirements of other grain and fodder crops. Japonia maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts dla nearly 15% of the global catch. For three decades overall real economic growth had been spectacular: a 10% average w the 1960s, a 5% average w the 1970s, and a 4% average w the 1980s. Growth slowed markedly w the 1990s, averaging just 1.7%, largely because of the after effects of overinvestment during the late 1980s and contractionary domestic policies intended to wring speculative excesses from the stock and real estate markets. Government efforts to revive economic growth have met z little success and were further hampered w 2000-2003 by the slowing of the US, European, and Asian economies. Japonia's huge government debt, which totals more than 150% of Produkt krajowy brutto, and the ageing of the population are two major long-run problems. Robotics constitutes a key long-term economic strength z Japonia possessing 410,000 of the world's 720,000 "working robots." Internal conflict over the proper way to reform the ailing banking system continues.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 964.2 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.037 trillion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Hachiro-gata -4 m

highest point: Mount Fuji 3,776 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution from power plant emissions results w acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japonia is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources w Asia and elsewhere
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Grupy etniczne Japoniaese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazyliaian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914)

note: up to 230,000 Brazyliaians of Japoniaese origin migrated to Japonia w the 1990s to work w industries; some have returned to Brazylia (2004)
Kurs waluty yen per US dollar - 115.933 (2003), 125.388 (2002), 121.529 (2001), 107.765 (2000), 113.907 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 styczen 1989)

head of government: Prime Minister Junichiro KOIZUMI (since 26 kwiecien 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister

elections: Diet designates prime minister; constitution requires that prime minister commands parliamentary majority; following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition w House of Representatives usually becomes prime minister; monarch is hereditary
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $447.1 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport 93,360 bbl/day (2001)
Eksport - towary motor vehicles, semiconductors, office machinery, chemicals
Eksport - partnerzy US 24.8%, Chiny 12.1%, South Korea 7.3%, Tajwan 6.6%, Hong Kong 6.3% (2003)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi white z a large red disk (representing the sun without rays) w the center
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $3.582 trillion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.3%

industry: 25.4%

services: 73.3% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $28,200 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.7% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 36 00 N, 138 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w northeast Asia
Ladowiska helikopterow 15 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 1,161,894 km

paved: 534,471 km (including 6,455 km of expressways)

unpaved: 627,423 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 4.8%

highest 10%: 21.7% (1993)
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $346.6 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 77.73 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Import 5.449 million bbl/day (2001)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, raw materials (2001)
Import - partnerzy Chiny 19.7%, US 15.6%, South Korea 4.7%, Indonezja 4.3% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 660 BC (traditional founding by Emperor Jimmu)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.3% (2003 est.)
Przemysl among world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 3.28 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.54 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja -0.3% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AfDB, APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, CE (observer), CERN (observer), CP, EBRD, FAO, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA, MIGA, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), Paris Club, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMOVIC, UNRWA, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 26,790 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the monarch after designation by the cabinet; all other justices are appointed by the cabinet)
Sila robocza 66.66 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 5%, industry 25%, services 70% (2002 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 12.19%

permanent crops: 0.96%

other: 86.85% (2001)
Jezyki Japoniaese
System prawny modeled after European civil law system z English-American influence; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Diet or Kokkai consists of the House of Councillors or Sangi-in (242 seats - members elected dla six-year terms; half reelected every three years; 144 members w multi-seat constituencies and 98 by proportional representation); House of Representatives or Shugi-in (480 seats - members elected dla four-year terms; 300 w single-seat constituencies; 180 members by proportional representation w 11 regional blocs)

elections: House of Councillors - last held 11 lipiec 2004 (next to be held w lipiec 2007); House of Representatives - last held 9 listopad 2003 (next election by listopad 2007)

election results: House of Councillors - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - LDP 115, DPJ 82, Komeito 24, JCP 9, SDP 5, others 7; distribution of seats as of pazdziernik 2004 - LDP 114, DPJ 84, Komeito 24, JCP 9, SDP 5, others 6

House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - LDP 49.38%, DPJ 36.88%, Komeito 7.09%, JCP 1.88%, SDP 1.25%, NCP .84%; seats by party - LDP 237, DPJ 177, Komeito 34, JCP 9, SDP 6, NCP 4, others 13; distribution of seats as of grudzien 2004: LDP 249, DPJ 177, Komeito 34, JCP 9, SDP 6, others 3, vacant 2

note: Liberal Party merged z Democratic Party of Japonia w wrzesien 2003; Conservative New Party merged z Liberal Democratic Party following election w listopad 2003 (2004)
Zywotnosc total population: 81.04 years

male: 77.74 years

female: 84.51 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (2002)
Lokalizacja Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Ocean Spokojny and the Sea of Japonia, east of the Korean Peninsula
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm w the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 568 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 10,149,196 GRT/12,680,544 DWT

by type: bulk 113, cargo 39, chemical tanker 18, combination bulk 31, combination ore/oil 1, container 14, liquefied gas 53, passenger 8, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 170, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/roll off 58, short-sea/passenger 7, vehicle carrier 49

foreign-owned: Chiny 1, Panama 1, Filipiny 1, Singapur 1

registered w other countries: 1,989 (2004 est.)
Wojsko Ground Self-Defense Force (Army), Maritime Self-Defense Force (Navy), Air Self-Defense Force (Air Force), Coast Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $42,488.1 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1% (2003)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 29,179,095 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 25,189,438 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 700,931 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Birthday of Emperor AKIHITO, 23 grudzien (1933)
Narodowosc noun: Japoniaese (singular and plural)

adjective: Japoniaese
Naturalne zagrozenia many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis; typhoons
Surowce naturalne negligible mineral resources, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi gas 2,719 km; oil 170 km; oil/gas/water 60 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Party of Japonia or DPJ [Katsuya OKADA, leader; Tatsuo KAWABATA, secretary general]; Japonia Communist Party or JCP [Kazuo SHII, chairman; Tadayoshi ICHIDA, secretary general]; Komeito [Takenori KANZAKI, president; Tetsuzo FUYUSHIBA, secretary general]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Junichiro KOIZUMI, president; Tsutomu TAKEBE, secretary general]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Mizuho FUKUSHIMA, chairperson; Seiji MATAICHI, secretary general]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 127,333,002 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny 0.08% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Akita, Amagasaki, Chiba, Hachinohe, Hakodate, Higashi-Harima, Himeji, Hiroshima, Kawasaki, Kinuura, Kobe, Kushiro, Mizushima, Moji, Nagoya, Osaka, Sakai, Sakaide, Shimizu, Tokyo, Tomakomai
Stacje radiowe AM 215 plus 370 repeaters, FM 89 plus 485 repeaters, shortwave 21 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 23,705 km (16,519 km electrified)

standard gauge: 3,204 km 1.435-m gauge (3,204 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 77 km 1.372-m gauge (77 km electrified); 20,393 km 1.067-m gauge (13,227 km electrified); 11 km 0.762-m gauge (11 km electrified) (2003)
Religie observe both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including Christian 0.7%)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 20 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: excellent domestic and international service

domestic: high level of modern technology and excellent service of every kind

international: country code - 81; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (4 Ocean Spokojny and 1 Ocean Indyjski), 1 Intersputnik (Ocean Indyjski region), and 1 Inmarsat (Pacific and Ocean Indyjski regions); submarine cables to Chiny, Filipiny, Rosja, and US (via Guam) (1999)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 71.149 million (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 86,658,600 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 211 plus 7,341 repeaters

note: w addition, US Forces are served by 3 TV stations and 2 TV cable services (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged and mountainous
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.38 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 5.3% (2003)
Drogi wodne 1,770 km (seagoing vessels use inland seas) (2004)
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.10359501 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 49.73 kB.