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Izrael (2001)

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Izrael 2001 roku

 Izrael
Podzial administracyjny 6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz); Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
27.36% (male 831,523; female 792,982)

15-64 years:
62.73% (male 1,869,114; female 1,855,707)

65 years and over:
9.91% (male 253,105; female 335,662) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products
Lotniska 55 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
30

over 3,047 m:
2

2,438 to 3,047 m:
4

1,524 to 2,437 m:
7

914 to 1,523 m:
10

under 914 m:
7 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
25

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1

914 to 1,523 m:
4

under 914 m:
20 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
20,770 sq km

land:
20,330 sq km

water:
440 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Following Swiat War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Izraelis defeated the Arabs w a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories occupied by Izrael since the 1967 war are not included w the Izrael country profile, unless otherwise noted. In keeping z the framework established at the Madrid Conference w pazdziernik 1991, bilateral negotiations are being conducted between Izrael and Palestinian representatives (from the Izraeli-occupied Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza) and Izrael and Syria, to achieve a permanent settlement. On 25 kwiecien 1982, Izrael withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Izrael-Egipt Peace Treaty. Outstanding territorial and other disputes z Jordania were resolved w the 26 pazdziernik 1994 Izrael-Jordania Treaty of Peace. On 25 maj 2000, Izrael withdrew unilaterally from southern Liban, which it had occupied since 1982.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 19.12 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$40 billion

expenditures:
$42.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Jerusalem; note - Izrael proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital w 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy w Tel Aviv
Klimat temperate; hot and dry w southern and eastern desert areas
Linia brzegowa 273 km
Konstytucja no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Izraeli citizenship law
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
State of Izrael

conventional short form:
Izrael

local long form:
Medinat Yisra'el

local short form:
Yisra'el
Waluta new Izraeli shekel (ILS)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.22 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $38 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Martin S. INDYK

embassy:
71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv

mailing address:
PSC 98, Unit 7228, APO AE 09830

telephone:
[972] (3) 519-7575

FAX:
[972] (3) 517-3227

consulate(s) general:
Jerusalem; note - an independent US mission, established w 1928, whose members are not accredited to a foreign government
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador David IVRY

chancery:
3514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone:
[1] (202) 364-5500

FAX:
[1] (202) 364-5607

consulate(s) general:
Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Golan Heights is Izraeli-occupied (Liban claims the Shab'a Farms area of Golan Heights)
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.1 billion from the US (1999)
Ekonomia Izrael has a technologically advanced market economy z substantial government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Izrael has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Izrael is largely self-sufficient w food production except dla grains. Cuts diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are the leading exports. Izrael usually posts sizable current account deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. Roughly half of the government's external debt is owed to the US, which is its major source of economic and military aid. The influx of Jewish immigrants from the former USSR topped 750,000 during the period 1989-99, bringing the population of Izrael from the former Soviet Union to 1 million, one-sixth of the total population, and adding scientific and professional expertise of substantial value dla the economy's future. The influx, coupled z the opening of new markets at the end of the Cold War, energized Izrael's economy, which grew rapidly w the early 1990s. But growth began moderating w 1996 when the government imposed tighter fiscal and monetary policies and the immigration bonus petered out. Growth was a strong 5.9% w 2000. But the outbreak of Palestinian unrest w late wrzesien and the collapse of the BARAK Government - coupled z a cooling off w the high-technology and tourist sectors - undercut the boom and foreshadows a slowdown to 2%-3% w 2001.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 31.899 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1.061 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 4 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 35.437 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
99.89%

hydro:
0.11%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Dead Sea -408 m

highest point:
Har Meron 1,208 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Jewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Izrael-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.0810 (grudzien 2000), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397 (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494 (1997), 3.1917 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Moshe KATSAV (since 31 lipiec 2000)

head of government:
Prime Minister Ariel SHARON (since 2 marzec 2001)

cabinet:
Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset

elections:
president elected by the Knesset dla a five-year term; election last held 31 lipiec 2000 (next to be held NA lipiec 2005); prime minister elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 6 luty 2001 (next to be held NA 2005); note - w marzec 1992, the Knesset approved legislation, effective w 1996, which allowed dla the direct election of the prime minister, but w 2001 the Knesset voted to restore the previous method under which the legislators will choose the next prime minister after the next legislative elections w 2003

election results:
Moshe KATSAV elected president by the 120-member Knesset z a total of 60 votes, other candidate, Shimon PERES, received 57 votes (there were three abstentions); Ariel SHARON elected prime minister; percent of vote - Ariel SHARON 62.5%, Ehud BARAK 37.4%; note - after the next legislative elections scheduled dla 2003, the prime minister will be elected by the Knesset
Eksport 1.061 billion kWh (1999)
Eksport $31.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals, textiles and apparel
Eksport - partnerzy US 36%, UK 6%, Benelux 5%, Hong Kong 4%, Holandia 4% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi white z a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $110.2 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
4%

industry:
37%

services:
59% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $18,900 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.9% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 31 30 N, 34 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne there are 231 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Zachodni Brzeg, 42 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, 25 w the Gaza, and 29 w East Jerusalem (sierpien 2000 est.)
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2000 est.)
Autostrady total:
15,965 km

paved:
15,965 km (including 56 km of expressways)

unpaved:
0 km (1998 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
2.8%

highest 10%:
26.9% (1992)
Narkotyki increasingly concerned about cocaine and heroin abuse; drugs arrive w country from Liban and increasingly Jordania
Import 4 million kWh (1999)
Import $35.1 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Import - towary raw materials, military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, fuels, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy US 20%, Benelux 11%, Niemcy 8%, UK 8%, Szwajcaria 6%, Wlochy 5% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 14 maj 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 7% (2000)
Przemysl high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, diamond cutting
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 7.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 0.1% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BSEC (observer), CCC, CE (observer), CERN (observer), EBRD, ECE, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 21 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 1,800 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (justices appointed dla life by the president)
Sila robocza 2.4 million (2000 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki public services 31.2%, manufacturing 20.2%, finance and business 13.1%, commerce 12.8%, construction 7.5%, personal and other services 6.4%, transport, storage, and communications 6.2%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.6% (1996)
Granica total:
1,006 km

border countries:
Egipt 255 km, Gaza 51 km, Jordania 238 km, Liban 79 km, Syria 76 km, Zachodni Brzeg 307 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
17%

permanent crops:
4%

permanent pastures:
7%

forests and woodland:
6%

other:
66% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially dla Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
System prawny mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, w personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; w grudzien 1985, Izrael informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Knesset or parliament (120 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections:
last held 17 maj 1999 (next to be held NA listopad 2003)

election results:
percent of vote by party - One Izrael 20.2%, Likud Party 14.1%, Shas 13%, MERETZ 7.6%, Yisra'el Ba'Aliya 5.1%, Shinui 5%, Center Party 5%, National Religious Party 4.2%, United Torah Judaism 3.7%, United Arab List 3.4%, National Union 3%, Hadash 2.6%, Yisra'el Beiteinu 2.6%, Balad 1.9%, One Nation 1.9%, Democratic Movement NA (party formed after election, members elected under Yisra'el Ba'Aliya list); seats by party - One Izrael 26, Likud Party 19, Shas 17, MERETZ 10, Yisra'el Ba'Aliya 4, Shinui 6, Center Party 6, National Religious Party 5, United Torah Judaism 5, United Arab List 5, National Union 4, Hadash 3, Yisra'el Beiteinu 4, Democratic Movement 2 (party formed after election, members elected under Yisra'el Ba'Aliya list), Balad 2, One Nation 2
Zywotnosc total population:
78.71 years

male:
76.69 years

female:
80.84 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
95%

male:
97%

female:
93% (1992 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egipt and Liban
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary continental shelf:
to depth of exploitation

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
17 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 631,582 GRT/745,011 DWT

ships by type:
container 16, roll on/roll off 1 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Izrael Defense Forces (includes ground, naval, and air components), Pioneer Fighting Youth (Nahal), Frontier Guard, Chen (women); note - historically there have been no separate Izraeli military services
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $8.7 billion (FY99)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 9.4% (FY99)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
1,522,003

females age 15-49:
1,482,027 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
1,245,757

females age 15-49:
1,208,973 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
49,206

females:
53,379 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 14 maj (1948); note - Izrael declared independence on 14 maj 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur w kwiecien or maj
Narodowosc noun:
Izraeli(s)

adjective:
Izraeli
Naturalne zagrozenia sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts
Surowce naturalne timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand, oil
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 708 km; petroleum products 290 km; natural gas 89 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Balad or National Democratic Alliance [Amnon LIPKIN-SHAHAK]; Center Party [Yitzhak MORDECHAI]; Democratic Movement [Roman BRONFMAN]; Gesher [David LEVI]; Hadash [Muhammad BARAKA]; Labor Party [leader vacant]; Likud Party [Ariel SHARON]; MERETZ [Yossi SARID]; National Democratic Alliance (Balad) [leader NA]; National Religious Party [Yitzhak LEVY]; National Union [Rehavam ZEEVI] (includes Herut, Tekuma, and Moledet); One Izrael [leader NA] (includes Labor, Gesher, and Meimad); One Nation [Amir PERETZ]; Shas [Eliyahu YISHAI]; Shinui [Tommy LAPID]; United Arab List [Abd al-Malik DAHAMSHAH]; United Torah Judaism [Rabbi Eliezer SHACK, spiritual leader]; Yisra'el Ba'Aliya [Natan SHARANSKY]; Yisra'el Beiteinu [Avigdor LIEBERMAN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Gush Emunim, Izraeli nationalists advocating Jewish settlement on the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; Peace Now supports territorial concessions w the Zachodni Brzeg and is critical of government's Liban policy
Ludnosc 5,938,093 (lipiec 2001 est.)

note:
includes about 176,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg, about 20,000 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, about 6,900 w the Gaza, and about 173,000 w East Jerusalem (sierpien 2000 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.58% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Ashdod, Ashqelon, Elat (Eilat), Hadera, Haifa, Tel Aviv-Yafo
Stacje radiowe AM 23, FM 15, shortwave 2 (1998)
Radia 3.07 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total:
610 km

standard gauge:
610 km 1.435-m gauge (1996)
Religie Jewish 80.1%, Muslim 14.6% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2.1%, other 3.2% (1996 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.75 male(s)/female

total population:
0.99 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
most highly developed system w the Middle East although not the largest

domestic:
good system of coaxial cable and microwave radio relay; all systems are digital

international:
3 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2.8 million (1999)
Telefony komorkowe 2.5 million (1999)
Stacje telewizyjne 17 (plus 36 low-power repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Negev desert w the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordania Rift Valley
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.57 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9% (2000 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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