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Holandia (2004)

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Holandia 2004 roku

 Holandia
Podzial administracyjny 12 provinces (provincies, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland (Fryslan), Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.3% (male 1,527,316; female 1,457,192)


15-64 years: 67.8% (male 5,598,706; female 5,459,936)


65 years and over: 13.9% (male 953,370; female 1,321,679) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Lotniska 27 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 20


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 5 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 41,526 sq km


land: 33,883 sq km


water: 7,643 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Tlo historyczne The Kingdom of the Holandia was formed w 1815. In 1830 Belgia seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Holandia remained neutral w Swiat War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Niemcy w Swiat War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Holandia is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated w the introduction of the euro w 1999.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 11.41 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $237.1 billion


expenditures: $249.5 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)
Stolica Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government
Klimat temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Linia brzegowa 451 km
Konstytucja adopted 1815; amended many times, last time 2002
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of the Holandia


conventional short form: Holandia


local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden


local short form: Nederland
Waluta euro (EUR)


note: on 1 styczen 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 styczen 2002, the euro became the sole currency dla everyday transactions within the member countries
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.67 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zalezne tereny Aruba, Antyle Holenderskie
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Clifford M. SOBEL


embassy: Lange Voorhout 102, 2514 EJ, The Hague


mailing address: PSC 71, Box 1000, APO AE 09715


telephone: [31] (70) 310-9209


FAX: [31] (70) 361-4688


consulate(s) general: Amsterdam
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Boudewijn J. VAN EENENNAAM


chancery: 4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 244-5300


FAX: [1] (202) 362-3430


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York


consulate(s): Boston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $3.3 billion (2002 est.)
Ekonomia The Holandia has a prosperous and open economy, which depends heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted dla stable industrial relations, moderate unemployment and inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub. Industrial activity is predominantly w food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs no more than 4% of the labor force but provides large surpluses dla the food-processing industry and dla exports. The Holandia, along z 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency on 1 styczen 2002. The country continues to be one of the leading European nations dla attracting foreign direct investment. Economic growth slowed considerably w 2001-03, as part of the global economic slowdown, but dla the four years before that, annual growth averaged nearly 4%, well above the EU average. The government is wrestling z a deteriorating budget position, and is moving toward the EU 3% of Produkt krajowy brutto budget deficit limit.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 99.42 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 4.209 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 21.49 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 88.32 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m


highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution w the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Grupy etniczne Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamse and Indonezjans) (1999 est.)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen BEATRIX (since 30 kwiecien 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 kwiecien 1967), son of the monarch


head of government: Prime Minister Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since 22 lipiec 2002) and Deputy Prime Ministers Gerrit ZALM (since 27 maj 2003) and Thom DE GRAAF (since 27 maj 2003)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; vice prime ministers appointed by the monarch


note: there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, and councilors that provides consultations to the cabinet on legislative and administrative policy
Eksport 4.209 billion kWh (2001)
Eksport $253.2 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 49.28 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport 1.418 million bbl/day (2001)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 25.3%, Belgia 12.6%, Francja 10.2%, UK 10.1%, Wlochy 6%, US 4.5% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luksemburg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; one of the oldest flags w constant use, originating z William I, Prince of Orange, w the latter half of the 16th century
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $461.4 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.5%


industry: 24.4%


services: 73.1% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $28,600 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -0.7% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 52 30 N, 5 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 116,500 km


paved: 104,850 km (including 2,235 km of expressways)


unpaved: 11,650 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.8%


highest 10%: 25.1% (1994)
Narkotyki major European producer of ecstasy, illicit amphetamines, and other synthetic drugs; important gateway dla cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering
Import 21.49 billion kWh (2001)
Import $217.7 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 20.78 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Import 2.284 million bbl/day (2001)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs, clothing
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 18.2%, Belgia 10%, US 8%, UK 7.3%, Chiny 6.2%, Francja 5% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 23 styczen 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking z Hiszpania; it was not until 1648 that Hiszpania recognized their independence)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -2.1% (2003 est.)
Przemysl agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 5.11 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.68 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 4.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 2.1% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, ONUB, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 5,650 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (justices are nominated dla life by the monarch)
Sila robocza 7.46 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 4%, industry 23%, services 73% (1998 est.)
Granica total: 1,027 km


border countries: Belgia 450 km, Niemcy 577 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 26.71%


permanent crops: 0.97%


other: 72.32% (2001)
Jezyki Dutch (official language), Frisian (official language)
System prawny civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils dla four-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: First Chamber - last held 25 maj 2003 (next to be held maj 2007); Second Chamber - last held 22 styczen 2003 (next to be held maj 2007)


election results: First Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDA 23, PvdA 19, VVD 15, Green Party 5, Socialist Party 4, D66 3, other 6; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - CDA 28.6%, PvdA 27.3%, VVD 12.9%, Socialist Party 6.3%, List Pim Fortuyn 5.7%, Green Party 5.1%, D66 4.1%; seats by party - CDA 44, PvdA 42, VVD 28, Socialist Party 9, List Pim Fortuyn 8, Green Party 8, D66 6, other 5
Zywotnosc total population: 78.68 years


male: 76.15 years


female: 81.34 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99% (2000 est.)


male: NA


female: NA
Lokalizacja Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgia and Niemcy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 635 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,796,460 GRT/5,212,557 DWT


by type: bulk 1, cargo 375, chemical tanker 59, combination bulk 1, container 71, liquefied gas 13, multi-functional large load carrier 15, passenger 12, petroleum tanker 28, refrigerated cargo 37, roll on/roll off 14, short-sea/passenger 2, specialized tanker 7


foreign-owned: Belgia 2, Dania 4, Finlandia 9, Niemcy 54, Irlandia 14, Norwegia 9, Singapur 1, Szwecja 19, Tajlandia 1, Wielka Brytania 31, Stany Zjednoczone 16


registered w other countries: 241 (2004 est.)
Wojsko Royal Holandia Army, Royal Holandia Navy (including Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Holandia Air Force, Royal Constabulary, Defense Interservice Command
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $8,044.4 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.6% (2003)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 4,070,043 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 3,534,392 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 97,624 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA w 1909 and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX w 1980), 30 kwiecien
Narodowosc noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)


adjective: Dutch
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding
Surowce naturalne natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 325 km; gas 6,998 km; oil 590 km; refined products 716 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Maxime Jacques Marcel VERHAGEN]; Christian Union Party [Andre ROUVOET]; Democrats 66 or D66 [Boris DITTRICH]; Green Party [Femke HALSEMA]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wouter BOS]; List Pim Fortuyn [Gerard van AS]; People's Party dla Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) or VVD [Jozias VAN AARTSEN]; Socialist Party [Jan MARIJNISSEN]; plus a few minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Holandia Trade Union Federation (FNV) (consisting of a merger of Socialist and Catholic trade unions); Christian Trade Union Federation (CNV); Trade Union Federation of Middle and High Personnel (MHP); Federation of Catholic and Protestant Employers Associations; Interchurch Peace Council or IKV; large multinational firms; the nondenominational Federation of Holandia Enterprises
Ludnosc 16,318,199 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny 0.57% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Amsterdam, Delfzijl, Dordrecht, Eemshaven, Groningen, Haarlem, IJmuiden, Maastricht, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Utrecht, Vlissingen
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 246, shortwave 3 (2004)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,808 km


standard gauge: 2,808 km 1.435-m gauge (2,061 km electrified) (2003)
Religie Roman Catholic 31%, Protestant 21%, Muslim 4.4%, other 3.6%, unaffiliated 40% (1998)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed and well maintained


domestic: extensive fixed-line fiber-optic network; cellular telephone system is one of the largest w Europe z five major network operators utilizing the third generation of the Global System dla Mobile Communications (GSM)


international: country code - 31; 9 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 2 Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions) (2004)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 10.004 million (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 12.5 million (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 21 (plus 26 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.66 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 5.3% (2003 est.)
Drogi wodne 5,046 km (navigable dla ships of 50 tons) (2004)
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