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Gwatemala (2005)

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Gwatemala 2005 roku

Podzial administracyjny 22 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Gwatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan, Zacapa
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 3,185,037/female 3,033,947)

15-64 years: 54.2% (male 4,019,052/female 3,928,984)

65 years and over: 3.3% (male 226,745/female 261,424) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens
Lotniska 452 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 11

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 441

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 8

914 to 1,523 m: 109

under 914 m: 323 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 108,890 sq km

land: 108,430 sq km

water: 460 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Tennessee
Tlo historyczne The maja civilization flourished w Gwatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Gwatemala won its independence w 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 100,000 people dead and had created some 1 million refugees.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 34.11 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.878 billion

expenditures: $3.411 billion, including capital expenditures of $750 million (2004 est.)
Stolica Gwatemala
Klimat tropical; hot, humid w lowlands; cooler w highlands
Linia brzegowa 400 km
Konstytucja 31 maj 1985, effective 14 styczen 1986; note - suspended 25 maj 1993 by former President SERRANO; reinstated 5 czerwiec 1993 following ouster of president; amended listopad 1993
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Gwatemala

conventional short form: Gwatemala

local long form: Republica de Gwatemala

local short form: Gwatemala
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.81 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $5.969 billion (2004 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador John R. HAMILTON

embassy: 7-01 Avenida Reforma, Zone 10, Gwatemala City

mailing address: APO AA 34024

telephone: [502] 2331-1541/55

FAX: [502] 2334-8477
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Guillermo CASTILLO

chancery: 2220 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 745-4952

FAX: [1] (202) 745-1908

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, and San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Gwatemalan squatters continue to settle w the rain forests of Belize's border region; OAS is attempting to revive the 2002 failed Differendum that created a small adjustment to land boundary, a Gwatemalan maritime corridor w Caribbean, a joint ecological park dla the disputed Sapodilla Cays, and a substantial US-UK financial package; Gwatemalans enter Meksyk illegally seeking work or transit to the US
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $250 million (2000 est.)
Ekonomia Gwatemala is the largest and most populous of the Central American countries z a Produkt krajowy brutto per capita roughly one-half that of Brazylia, Argentyna, and Chile. The agricultural sector accounts dla about one-fourth of Produkt krajowy brutto, two-thirds of exports, and half of the labor force. Coffee, sugar, and bananas are the main products. The 1996 signing of peace accords, which ended 36 years of civil war, removed a major obstacle to foreign investment, but widespread political violence and corruption scandals continue to dampen investor confidence. The distribution of income remains highly unequal, z perhaps 75% of the population below the poverty line. Other ongoing challenges include increasing government revenues, negotiating further assistance from international donors, upgrading both government and private financial operations, curtailing drug trafficking, and narrowing the trade deficit.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.76 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 440 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 55 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 6.608 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation w the Peten rainforest; soil erosion; water pollution
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - w local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other majan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty quetzales per US dollar - 7.9465 (2004), 7.9409 (2003), 7.8216 (2002), 7.8586 (2001), 7.7632 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Oscar Jose Rafael BERGER Perdomo (since 14 styczen 2004); Vice President Eduardo STEIN Barillas (since 14 styczen 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Oscar Jose Rafael BERGER Perdomo (since 14 styczen 2004); Vice President Eduardo STEIN Barillas (since 14 styczen 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 9 listopad 2003; runoff held 28 grudzien 2003 (next to be held listopad 2007)

election results: Oscar BERGER Perdomo elected president; percent of vote - Oscar BERGER Perdomo (GANA) 54.1%, Alvarado COLOM (UNE) 45.9%
Eksport 440 million kWh (2002)
Eksport $2.911 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport 3,104 bbl/day (2003)
Eksport - towary coffee, sugar, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom
Eksport - partnerzy US 53%, Salwador 11.4%, Honduras 7.1%, Meksyk 4.1% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue z the coat of arms centered w the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Hiszpania) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles and a pair of crossed swords and framed by a wreath
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 22.7%

industry: 19.5%

services: 57.9% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,200 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.6% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 15 30 N, 90 15 W
Polozenie geograficzne no natural harbors on west coast
Autostrady total: 14,118 km

paved: 4,871 km (including 74 km of expressways)

unpaved: 9,247 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.6%

highest 10%: 46% (1998)
Narkotyki major transit country dla cocaine and heroin; minor producer of illicit opium poppy and cannabis dla mostly domestic consumption; proximity to Meksyk makes Gwatemala a major staging area dla drugs (particularly dla cocaine); money laundering is a serious problem; corruption is a major problem; remains on Financial Action Task Force Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories List dla continued failure to address deficiencies w money-laundering control regime
Import 55 million kWh (2002)
Import $7.77 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity
Import - partnerzy US 34%, Meksyk 8.1%, South Korea 6.8%, Chiny 6.6%, Japonia 4.4% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 15 wrzesien 1821 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.1% (1999)
Przemysl sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 35.93 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 36.74 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 35.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 7.2% (2004 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 1,250 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Konstytucjaal Court or Corte de Constitutcionalidad is Gwatemala's highest court (five judges are elected dla concurrent five-year terms by Congress, each serving one year as president of the Konstytucjaal Court; one is elected by Congress, one elected by the Supreme Court of Justice, one appointed by the President, one elected by Superior Counsel of Universidad San Carlos de Gwatemala, and one by Colegio de Abogados); Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (13 members serve concurrent five-year terms and elect a president of the Court each year from among their number; the president of the Supreme Court of Justice also supervises trial judges around the country, who are named to five-year terms)
Sila robocza 3.68 million (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 50%, industry 15%, services 35% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 1,687 km

border countries: Belize 266 km, Salwador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Meksyk 962 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 12.54%

permanent crops: 5.03%

other: 82.43% (2001)
Jezyki Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
System prawny civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Congress of the Republic or Congreso de la Republica (158 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 9 listopad 2003 (next to be held listopad 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - GANA 49, FRG 41, UNE 33, PAN 17, other 18

note: dla the 9 listopad 2003 election, the number of congressional seats increased from 113 to 158
Zywotnosc total population: 69.06 years

male: 67.37 years

female: 70.84 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 70.6%

male: 78%

female: 63.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering the North Ocean Spokojny, between Salwador and Meksyk, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Marines), Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $201.9 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.8% (2003)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 15 wrzesien (1821)
Narodowosc noun: Gwatemalan(s)

adjective: Gwatemalan
Naturalne zagrozenia numerous volcanoes w mountains, z occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms
Surowce naturalne petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Rurociagi oil 480 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Authentic Integral Development or DIA [Eduardo SUGER]; Democratic Union or UD [Rodolfo PAIZ Andrade]; Grand National Alliance or GANA [Oscar BERGER Perdomo]; Green Party or LOV [Rodolfo ROSALES Garcis-Salaz]; Gwatemalan Christian Democracy or DCG [Vinicio CEREZO Arevalo]; Gwatemalan National Revolutionary Unity or URNG [Alba ESTELA Maldonado, secretary general]; Gwatemalan Republican Front or FRG [Efrain RIOS Montt]; Movement dla Gwatemalan Unity or MGU [Jacobo ARBENZ Villanueva]; Movement dla Principals and Values or MPV [Francisco BIANCHI]; National Advancement Party or PAN [Leonel LOPEZ Rodas, secretary general]; National Unity dla Hope or UNE [Alvarado COLOM Caballeros]; New Nation Alliance or ANN (formed by an alliance of DIA, URNG, and several splinter groups most of whom subsequently defected) [led by three co-equal partners - Nineth Varenca MONTENEGRO Cottom, Rodolfo BAUER Paiz, and Jorge Antonio BALSELLS TUT]; Patriot Party or PP [retired General Otto PEREZ Molina]; Progressive Liberator Party or PLP [Acisclo VALLADARES Molina]; Reform Movement or MR [Alfredo SKINNER-KLEE, secretary general]; Unionista Party [leader NA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Agrarian Owners Group or UNAGRO; Alliance Against Impunity or AAI; Committee dla Campesino Unity or CUC; Coordinating Committee of Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial, and Financial Associations or CACIF; Mutual Support Group or GAM
Ludnosc 14,655,189 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 75% (2004 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.57% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Puerto Quetzal, Santo Tomas de Castilla
Stacje radiowe AM 130, FM 487, shortwave 15 (2000)
Linie kolejowe total: 886 km

narrow gauge: 886 km 0.914-m gauge (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous majan beliefs
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal (active duty members of the armed forces may not vote and are restricted to their barracks on election day)
System telefoniczny general assessment: fairly modern network centered w the city of Gwatemala

domestic: NA

international: country code - 502; connected to Central American Microwave System; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 846,000 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 1,577,100 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 26 (plus 27 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau (Peten)
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.53 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.5% (2003 est.)
Drogi wodne 990 km

note: 260 km navigable year round; additional 730 km navigable during high-water season (2004)
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