Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Greece (2004)

Greece - select year:
GreeceGreece (2001) (compare)
GreeceGreece (2002) (compare)
GreeceGreece (2003) (compare)
GreeceGreece (2005) (compare)
GreeceGreece (2006) (compare)
GreeceGreece (2007) (compare)
GreeceGreece (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Greece 2004 year

Administrative divisions 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos) and 1 autonomous region*; Agion Oros* (Mt. Athos), Achaia, Aitolia kai Akarmania, Argolis, Arkadia, Arta, Attiki, Chalkidiki, Chanion, Chios, Dodekanisos, Drama, Evros, Evrytania, Evvoia, Florina, Fokidos, Fthiotis, Grevena, Ileia, Imathia, Ioannina, Irakleion, Karditsa, Kastoria, Kavala, Kefallinia, Kerkyra, Kilkis, Korinthia, Kozani, Kyklades, Lakonia, Larisa, Lasithi, Lefkas, Lesvos, Magnisia, Messinia, Pella, Pieria, Preveza, Rethynnis, Rodopi, Samos, Serrai, Thesprotia, Thessaloniki, Trikala, Voiotia, Xanthi, Zakynthos
Age structure 0-14 years: 14.5% (male 792,938; female 746,119)

15-64 years: 67% (male 3,563,703; female 3,566,549)

65 years and over: 18.6% (male 873,540; female 1,104,680) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products
Airports 79 (note - new Athens airport at Spata opened in March 2001) (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 66

over 3,047 m: 5

2,438 to 3,047 m: 16

1,524 to 2,437 m: 20

914 to 1,523 m: 16

under 914 m: 9 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 14

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 11 (2004 est.)
Area total: 131,940 sq km

land: 130,800 sq km

water: 1,140 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Alabama
Background Greece achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between royalist supporters of the king and communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece was able to join NATO in 1952. A military dictatorship, which in 1967 suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country, lasted seven years. The 1974 democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. Greece joined the European Community or EC in 1981 (which became the EU in 1992); it became the 12th member of the euro zone in 2001.
Birth rate 9.73 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $76.84 billion

expenditures: $79.48 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Capital Athens
Climate temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers
Coastline 13,676 km
Constitution 11 June 1975; amended March 1986 and April 2001
Country name conventional long form: Hellenic Republic

conventional short form: Greece

local long form: Elliniki Dhimokratia

local short form: Ellas or Ellada

former: Kingdom of Greece
Currency euro (EUR)

note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries
Death rate 10.08 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $65.51 billion (2003 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Charles RIES

embassy: 91 Vasilissis Sophias Avenue, 10160 Athens

mailing address: PSC 108, APO AE 09842-0108

telephone: [30] (210) 721-2951

FAX: [30] (210) 645-6282

consulate(s) general: Thessaloniki
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Yeoryios SAVVAIDIS

chancery: 2221 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 939-1300

FAX: [1] (202) 939-1324

consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco

consulate(s): Atlanta, Houston, and Tampa
Disputes - international Greece and Turkey have resumed discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; Cyprus question with Turkey; dispute with the Republic of Macedonia over its name
Economic aid - recipient $5.4 billion from EU (1995)
Economy - overview Greece has a mixed capitalist economy with the public sector accounting for about 40% of GDP and with per capita GDP 70% of the leading euro-zone economies. Tourism provides 15% of GDP. Immigrants make up nearly one-fifth of the work force, mainly in menial jobs. Greece is a major beneficiary of EU aid, equal to about 3.3% of annual GDP. The Greek economy grew by about 4.0% for the past two years, largely because of an investment boom and infrastructure upgrades for the 2004 Athens Olympic Games. Despite strong growth, Greece has failed to meet the EU's Growth and Stability Pact budget deficit criteria of 3% of GDP since 2000; public debt, inflation, and unemployment are also above the eurozone average. Further restructuring of the economy include privatizing several state enterprises, undertaking pension and other reforms, and minimizing bureaucratic inefficiencies.
Electricity - consumption 48.8 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 1.062 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 3.562 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 49.79 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Olympus 2,917 m
Environment - current issues air pollution; water pollution
Environment - international agreements party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Ethnic groups Greek 98%, other 2%

note: the Greek Government states there are no ethnic divisions in Greece
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 365.399 (2000), 305.647 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Konstandinos (Kostis) STEPHANOPOULOS (since 10 March 1995)

head of government: Prime Minister Konstandinos KARAMANLIS (since 7 March 2004)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections: president elected by Parliament for a five-year term; election last held 8 February 2000 (next to be held by February 2005); according to the Greek Constitution, presidents may only serve two terms; president appoints leader of the party securing plurality of vote in election to become prime minister and form a government

election results: Konstandinos STEPHANOPOULOS reelected president; percent of Parliament vote - 90%
Exports 1.062 billion kWh (2001)
Exports $5.899 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Exports 84,720 bbl/day (2001)
Exports - commodities food and beverages, manufactured goods, petroleum products, chemicals, textiles
Exports - partners Germany 12.6%, Italy 10.5%, UK 7%, US 6.5%, Bulgaria 6.2%, Cyprus 4.8%, France 4.2%, Turkey 4% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white; there is a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy, the established religion of the country
GDP purchasing power parity - $213.6 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 6.7%

industry: 22%

services: 71.2% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $20,000 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4.7% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 39 00 N, 22 00 E
Geography - note strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands
Heliports 7 (2003 est.)
Highways total: 117,000 km

paved: 107,406 km (including 470 km of expressways)

unpaved: 9,594 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 3%

highest 10%: 25.3% (1993 est.)
Illicit drugs a gateway to Europe for traffickers smuggling cannabis and heroin from the Middle East and Southwest Asia to the West and precursor chemicals to the East; some South American cocaine transits or is consumed in Greece; money laundering related to drug trafficking and organized crime
Imports 3.562 billion kWh (2001)
Imports $33.27 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports 2.018 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Imports 468,300 bbl/day (2001)
Imports - commodities machinery, transport equipment, fuels, chemicals
Imports - partners Germany 12.5%, Italy 12.2%, France 6.6%, Russia 6.1%, South Korea 5.4%, US 5.2%, Netherlands 5.2%, Japan 4.3%, UK 4.2% (2003)
Independence 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Industrial production growth rate 0.7% (2003 est.)
Industries tourism; food and tobacco processing, textiles; chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum
Infant mortality rate total: 5.63 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 6.19 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.6% (2003 est.)
International organization participation Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, G- 6, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIK, UNOMIG, UPU, WCO, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
Irrigated land 14,220 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Judicial Court; Special Supreme Tribunal; all judges appointed for life by the president after consultation with a judicial council
Labor force 4.39 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 20%, industry 20%, services 60% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total: 1,228 km

border countries: Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, Macedonia 246 km
Land use arable land: 21.1%

permanent crops: 8.78%

other: 70.12% (2001)
Languages Greek 99% (official), English, French
Legal system based on codified Roman law; judiciary divided into civil, criminal, and administrative courts
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon (300 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: elections last held 7 March 2004 (next to be held by March 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - ND 45.4%, PASOK 40.6%, KKE 5.9%, Synaspismos 3.3%; seats by party - ND 165, PASOK 117, KKE 12, Synaspismos 6
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.94 years

male: 76.44 years

female: 81.59 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.5%

male: 98.6%

female: 96.5% (2003 est.)
Location Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Merchant marine total: 793 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 30,186,624 GRT/52,943,968 DWT

by type: bulk 298, cargo 57, chemical tanker 38, combination bulk 5, combination ore/oil 3, container 49, liquefied gas 5, passenger 10, petroleum tanker 267, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 19, short-sea/passenger 38, specialized tanker 3

foreign-owned: Belgium 1, Cyprus 1, Israel 1, Italy 1, Liberia 3, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 1, Norway 2, Panama 3, Singapore 1, Sweden 1, United Kingdom 2, United States 5

registered in other countries: 2,443 (2004 est.)
Military branches Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy, Hellenic Air Force (EPA), National Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure $7,288.9 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 4.3% (2003)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 2,638,949 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 2,004,343 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 63,496 (2004 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 25 March (1821)
Nationality noun: Greek(s)

adjective: Greek
Natural hazards severe earthquakes
Natural resources lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential
Net migration rate 2.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
People - note women, men, and children are trafficked to and within Greece for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labor
Pipelines gas 1,166 km; oil 94 km (2004)
Political parties and leaders Coalition of the Left and Progress (Synaspismos) [Alekos ALAVANOS]; Communist Party of Greece or KKE [Aleka PAPARIGA]; New Democracy or ND (conservative) [Konstandinos KARAMANLIS]; Panhellenic Socialist Movement or PASOK [Yiorgos PAPANDREOU]; Popular Orthodox Rally [Yeoryios KARATZAFERIS]
Political pressure groups and leaders General Confederation of Greek Workers or GSEE [Khristos POLYZOGOPOLOS]; Federation of Greek Industries or SEV [Odysseas KYRIAKOPOULOS]; Civil Servants Confederation or ADEDY [Spyros PAPASPYROS]
Population 10,647,529 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.2% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Alexandroupolis, Elefsis, Irakleion (Crete), Kavala, Kerkyra, Chalkis, Igoumenitsa, Lavrion, Patrai, Peiraiefs (Piraeus), Thessaloniki, Volos
Radio broadcast stations AM 26, FM 88, shortwave 4 (1998)
Railways total: 2,571 km (764 km electrified)

standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge; 22 km 0.750-m gauge

dual gauge: 23 km combined 1.435-m and 1.000-m gauges (three rail system) (2003)
Religions Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Telephone system general assessment: adequate, modern networks reach all areas; good mobile telephone and international service

domestic: microwave radio relay trunk system; extensive open-wire connections; submarine cable to offshore islands

international: country code - 30; tropospheric scatter; 8 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Indian Ocean region)
Telephones - main lines in use 5,205,100 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 8,936,200 (2003)
Television broadcast stations 36 (plus 1,341 low-power repeaters); also two stations in the US Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (1995)
Terrain mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands
Total fertility rate 1.32 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 9.4% (2003 est.)
Waterways 6 km

note: Corinth Canal (6 km) crosses the Isthmus of Corinth; shortens sea voyage by 325 km (2004)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.