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Fidzi (2001)

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Fidzi 2001 roku

 Fidzi
Podzial administracyjny 4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
32.92% (male 141,724; female 136,216)

15-64 years:
63.52% (male 268,411; female 267,871)

65 years and over:
3.56% (male 14,007; female 16,101) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
Lotniska 27 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
3

over 3,047 m:
1

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1

914 to 1,523 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
24

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1

914 to 1,523 m:
4

under 914 m:
19 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
18,270 sq km

land:
18,270 sq km

water:
0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Fidzi became independent w 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups w 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indien community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British w the 19th century). A 1990 constitution favored native Melanesian control of Fidzi, but led to heavy Indien emigration; the population loss resulted w economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. Amendments enacted w 1997 made the constitution more equitable. Free and peaceful elections w 1999 resulted w a government led by an Indo-Fidzian, but a coup w maj of 2000 ushered w a prolonged period of political turmoil. New elections are scheduled dla sierpien 2001.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 23.33 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$610 million

expenditures:
$501 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Stolica Suva
Klimat tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 1,129 km
Konstytucja 10 pazdziernik 1970 (suspended 1 pazdziernik 1987); a new constitution was proposed on 23 wrzesien 1988 and promulgated on 25 lipiec 1990; amended 25 lipiec 1997 to allow nonethnic Fidzians greater say w government and to make multiparty government mandatory; entered into force 28 lipiec 1998; note - the maj 1999 election was the first test of the amended constitution and introduced open voting - not racially prescribed - dla the first time at the national level
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of the Fidzi Islands

conventional short form:
Fidzi
Waluta Fidzian dollar (FJD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.75 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $193 million (1998)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Osman M. SIDDIQUE

embassy:
31 Loftus Street, Suva

mailing address:
P. O. Box 218, Suva

telephone:
[679] 314466

FAX:
[679] 300081
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Salaseini Lelelvawalu VOSAILAGI

chancery:
Suite 240, 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007

telephone:
[1] (202) 337-8320

FAX:
[1] (202) 337-1996
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $40.3 million (1995)
Ekonomia Fidzi, endowed z forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still z a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports and a growing tourist industry are the major sources of foreign exchange. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity. Roughly 300,000 tourists visit each year, including thousands of Americans following the start of regularly scheduled non-stop air service from Los Angeles. Fidzi's growth slowed w 1997 because the sugar industry suffered from low world prices and rent disputes between farmers and landowners. Drought w 1998 further damaged the sugar industry, but its recovery w 1999 contributed to robust Produkt krajowy brutto growth. Long-term problems include low investment and uncertain property rights. The political turmoil w Fidzi has had a severe impact z the economy shrinking by 8% w 1999 and over 7,000 people losing their jobs. The interim government's 2001 budget is an attempt to attract foreign investment and restart economic activity. The government's ability to manage the budget and fulfill predictions of 4% growth dla 2001 will depend on a return to stability, a regaining of investor confidence, and the absence of international sanctions (which could cripple Fidzi's sugar and textile industry).
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 474.3 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 510 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
17.65%

hydro:
82.35%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point:
Tomanivi 1,324 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Fidzian 51% (predominantly Melanesian z a Polynesian admixture), Indien 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Kurs waluty Fidzian dollars per US dollar - 2.1814 (styczen 2001), 2.1286 (2000), 1.9696 (1999), 1.9868 (1998), 1.4437 (1997), 1.4033 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza note:
armed ethnic Fidzian terrorists, led by George SPEIGHT stormed the Parliament building on 19 maj 2000; ethnic Indo-Fidzian Prime Minister Mahendra CHAUDHRY and his government were held hostage dla 56 days; following the attempted coup, the Commander of the Fidzi Military Forces, naval Commodore Frank BAINIMARAMA declared martial law and dissolved the government on 29 maj 2000; an interim government, headed by interim Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE, was appointed to serve until a new constitution was initiated and subsequent elections held; w listopad 2000, Fidzi's High Court upheld the 1997 constitution and ruled that Ratu Sir Kamisese MARA remained the president; Justice Anthony GATES concluded that MARA should recall the pre-maj 19th Parliament and appoint a prime minister to form a new government; the Fidzi Court of Appeals upheld GATES' decision on 1 marzec 2001; it ruled that the 1997 constitution had not been abrogated, Parliament had not been dissolved, only prorogued dla six months, and that the presidency remained vacant since MARA's resignation took effect 15 grudzien 2000; President Ratu Josefa ILOILO reinstated QARASE's interim government as the caretaker government and elections were scheduled dla sierpien 2001; approximately 23 fluid political parties are currently jockeying dla power

chief of state:
President Ratu Josefa ILOILO (since NA 2000); Vice President Jope SENILOLI (since NA 2000)

head of government:
Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since NA 2000); Deputy Prime Minister Epeli NAILATIKAU (since NA 2000)

cabinet:
Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament; note -there is also a Presidential Council that advises the president on matters of national importance and a Great Council of Chiefs which consists of the highest ranking members of the traditional chiefly system

elections:
president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs dla a five-year term; prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
Ratu Josefa ILOILO elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - NA%
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $537 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Eksport - towary sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 33.1%, US 14.8%, UK 13.8%, other Pacific island countries 8.8%, NZ 4.5%, Japonia 4.5% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi light blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fidzian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $5.9 billion (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
16%

industry:
30%

services:
54% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $7,300 (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -8% (1999 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 00 S, 175 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited
Autostrady total:
3,440 km

paved:
1,692 km

unpaved:
1,748 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $653 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Import - towary manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 41.9%, US 14%, NZ 13.3%, Japonia 4.8%, Tajwan 1.9% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 10 pazdziernik 1970 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.9% (1995)
Przemysl tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 14.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 0% (1999 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNTAET, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 2 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 10 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 235,000
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki subsistence agriculture 67%, wage earners 18%, salary earners 15% (1987)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
10%

permanent crops:
4%

permanent pastures:
10%

forests and woodland:
65%

other:
11% (1993 est.)
Jezyki English (official), Fidzian, Hindustani
System prawny based on British system
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (32 seats; 14 appointed by the Great Council of Chiefs, nine appointed by the prime minister, eight appointed by the leader of the opposition, and one appointed by the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved dla ethnic Fidzians, 19 reserved dla ethnic Indiens, three reserved dla other ethnic groups, one reserved dla the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fidzi, and 25 open; members serve five-year terms)

elections:
House of Representatives - last held 11 maj 1999 (next to be held NA maj 2004)

election results:
House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Fidzi Labor Party 37, others 34
Zywotnosc total population:
68.25 years

male:
65.83 years

female:
70.78 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
91.6%

male:
93.8%

female:
89.3% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the South Ocean Spokojny, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to Nowa Zelandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
6 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 11,870 GRT/14,787 DWT

ships by type:
chemical tanker 2, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 1 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Republic of Fidzi Military Forces (RFMF; includes ground and naval forces)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $24 million (FY98)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.1% (FY98)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
227,599 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
125,238 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
9,471 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, second Monday of pazdziernik (1970)
Narodowosc noun:
Fidzian(s)

adjective:
Fidzian
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen
Surowce naturalne timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Fidzi Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]; Fidzian Nationalist Federation Party or NFP [Singh RAKKA]; Fidzian Political Party or SVT (primarily Fidzian) [Maj. Gen. Sitiveni RABUKA]; National Federation Party or NFP (primarily Indien) [Jai Ram REDDY]; United General Party or UGP [David PICKERING]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 844,330 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.41% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Lambasa, Lautoka, Levuka, Savusavu, Suva
Stacje radiowe AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radia 500,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe total:
597 km; note - belongs to the government-owned Fidzi Sugar Corporation

narrow gauge:
597 km 0.610-m gauge (1995)
Religie Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, other 2%

note:
Fidzians are mainly Christian, Indiens are Hindu, and there is a Muslim minority (1986)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.87 male(s)/female

total population:
1.01 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center

domestic:
NA

international:
access to important cable links between US and Kanada as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 72,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 5,200 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.86 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 6% (1997 est.)
Drogi wodne 203 km

note:
122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges
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