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Cocos (Keeling) Islands (2007)

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Cocos (Keeling) Islands 2007 year

 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years: NA

15-64 years: NA

65 years and over: NA
Agriculture - products vegetables, bananas, pawpaws, coconuts
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 14 sq km

land: 14 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
Area - comparative about 24 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background There are 27 coral islands in the group. Captain William KEELING discovered the islands in 1609, but they remained uninhabited until the 19th century. From the 1820s to 1978, members of the CLUNIE-ROSS family controlled the islands and the copra produced from local coconuts. Annexed by the UK in 1857, the Cocos Islands were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands generally is split between the ethnic Europeans on West Island and the ethnic Malays on Home Island.
Birth rate NA
Budget revenues: $NA

expenditures: $NA
Capital name: West Island

geographic coordinates: 12 10 S, 96 50 E

time difference: UTC+6.5 (11.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical with high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year
Coastline 26 km
Constitution Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955 (23 November 1955) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands

conventional short form: Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Death rate NA
Dependency status non-self governing territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Grown throughout the islands, coconuts are the sole cash crop. Small local gardens and fishing contribute to the food supply, but additional food and most other necessities must be imported from Australia. There is a small tourist industry.
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Environment - current issues fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs
Ethnic groups Europeans, Cocos Malays
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor general

head of government: Administrator (nonresident) Neil LUCAS (since 30 January 2006)

cabinet: NA

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities copra
Exports - partners Australia (2006)
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description the flag of Australia is used
Geographic coordinates 12 30 S, 96 50 E
Geography - note islands are thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities foodstuffs
Imports - partners Australia (2006)
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industries copra products and tourism
Infant mortality rate total: NA

male: NA

female: NA
International organization participation none
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation note: the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Languages Malay (Cocos dialect), English
Legal system based upon the laws of Australia and local laws
Legislative branch unicameral Cocos (Keeling) Islands Shire Council (7 seats)

elections: held every two years with half the members standing for election; last held in May 2005 (next to be held in May 2007)
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Literacy NA
Location Southeastern Asia, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Indonesia, about halfway from Australia to Sri Lanka
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia; the territory has a five-person police force
National holiday Australia Day, 26 January (1788)
Nationality noun: Cocos Islander(s)

adjective: Cocos Islander
Natural hazards cyclone season is October to April
Natural resources fish
Net migration rate NA
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 596 (July 2007 est.)
Population growth rate 0% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Sunni Muslim 80%, other 20% (2002 est.)
Suffrage NA
Telephone system general assessment: connected within Australia's telecommunication system

domestic: NA

international: country code - 61; telephone, telex, and facsimile communications with Australia and elsewhere via satellite; 1 INTELSAT satellite earth station (2001)
Telephones - main lines in use 287 (1992)
Television broadcast stations NA
Terrain flat, low-lying coral atolls
Total fertility rate NA
Unemployment rate 60% (2000 est.)
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