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Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego (2008)

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Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu IndyjskiegoBrytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego (2001) (porownaj)
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Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego 2008 roku

 Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 54,400 sq km

land: 60 sq km; Diego Garcia 44 sq km

water: 54,340 sq km

note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago of 55 islands
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci land area is about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Established as a territory of the UK w 1965, a number of the Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego (BIOT) islands were transferred to the Seszele when it attained independence w 1976. Subsequently, BIOT has consisted only of the six main island groups comprising the Chagos Archipelago. The largest and most southerly of the islands, Diego Garcia, contains a joint UK-US naval support facility. All of the remaining islands are uninhabited. Former agricultural workers, earlier residents w the islands, were relocated primarily to Mauritius but also to the Seszele, between 1967 and 1973. In 2000, a British High Court ruling invalidated the local immigration order that had excluded them from the archipelago, but upheld the special military status of Diego Garcia.
Klimat tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds
Linia brzegowa 698 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego

conventional short form: none

abbreviation: BIOT
Podleglosc overseas territory of the UK; administered by a commissioner, resident w the Foreign and Commonwealth Office w London
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of the UK)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Mauritius and Seszele claim the Chagos Archipelago including Diego Garcia; w 2001, the former inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago, evicted w 1967 and 1973 and now residing chiefly w Mauritius, were granted UK citizenship and the right to repatriation; w maj 2006, the High Court of London reversed U.K. Government's 2004 orders of council that banned habitation on the islands; a small group of Chagossians visited Diego Garcia w kwiecien 2006; repatriation is complicated by the exclusive US military lease of Diego Garcia that restricts access to the largest viable island w the chain
Ekonomia All economic activity is concentrated on the largest island of Diego Garcia, where a joint UK-US military facility is located. Construction projects and various services needed to support the military installation are performed by military and contract employees from the UK, Mauritius, the Filipiny, and the US. There are no industrial or agricultural activities on the islands. When the native Ilois return, they plan to reestablish sugarcane production and fishing. The territory makes money by selling fishing licenses and postage stamps.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by the US military
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952)

head of government: Commissioner Leigh TURNER (since lipiec 2006); Administrator Tony HUMPHRIES (since luty 2005); note - both reside w the UK and are represented by the officer commanding British Forces on Diego Garcia

cabinet: NA

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; commissioner and administrator appointed by the monarch
Opis flagi white z six blue wavy horizontal stripes; the flag of the UK is w the upper hoist-side quadrant; the striped section bears a palm tree and yellow crown centered on the outer half of the flag
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 00 S, 71 30 E; note - Diego Garcia 7 20 S, 72 25 E
Polozenie geograficzne archipelago of 55 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmost island, occupies strategic location w central Ocean Indyjski; island is site of joint US-UK military facility
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
System prawny the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
Lokalizacja archipelago w the Ocean Indyjski, south of Indie, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Political Map of the Swiat
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the UK; the US lease on Diego Garcia expires w 2016
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne coconuts, fish, sugarcane
Ludnosc no indigenous inhabitants

note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident w the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seszele w the 1960s and 1970s; w listopad 2000 they were granted the right of return by a British High Court ruling, though no timetable has been set; w listopad 2004, there were approximately 4,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors living on the island of Diego Garcia
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
System telefoniczny general assessment: separate facilities dla military and public needs are available

domestic: all commercial telephone services are available, including connection to the Internet

international: country code (Diego Garcia) - 246; international telephone service is carried by satellite (2000)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne NA
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat and low (most areas do not exceed two meters w elevation)
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