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Baker Island (2008)

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Baker Island 2008 year

 Baker Island
Airports one abandoned World War II runway of 1,665 m covered with vegetation and unusable (2006)
Area total: 1.4 sq km

land: 1.4 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 2.5 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background The US took possession of the island in 1857, and its guano deposits were mined by US and British companies during the second half of the 19th century. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization was begun on this island - as well as on nearby Howland Island - but was disrupted by World War II and thereafter abandoned. Presently the island is a National Wildlife Refuge run by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.
Climate equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Coastline 4.8 km
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Baker Island
Dependency status unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Disputes - international none
Economy - overview no economic activity
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 8 m
Environment - current issues no natural fresh water resources
Flag description the flag of the US is used
Geographic coordinates 0 13 N, 176 28 W
Geography - note treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Irrigated land 0 sq km
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Legal system the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Location Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Natural resources guano (deposits worked until 1891), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Population uninhabited

note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; a cemetery and remnants of structures from early settlement are located near the middle of the west coast; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Terrain low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Transportation - note there is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast
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