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Anguilla (2004)

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Anguilla 2004 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of the UK)
Age structure 0-14 years: 23.8% (male 1,569; female 1,523)

15-64 years: 69.4% (male 4,641; female 4,385)

65 years and over: 6.8% (male 396; female 494) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Airports 3 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 2

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Area total: 102 sq km

land: 102 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about half the size of Washington, DC
Background Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency, along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
Birth rate 14.45 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $22.8 million

expenditures: $22.5 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Capital The Valley
Climate tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Coastline 61 km
Constitution Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Anguilla
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 5.46 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $8.8 million (1998)
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $3.5 million (1995)
Economy - overview Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry, which has spurred the growth of the construction sector, has contributed to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small, but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
Electricity - consumption 42.6 million kWh
Electricity - production NA
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
Environment - current issues supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Ethnic groups black (predominant), mulatto, white
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Alan Eden HUCKLE (since 28 May 2004)

head of government: Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March 2000)

cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Exports $2.6 million (1999)
Exports - commodities lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
Exports - partners UK, US, Puerto Rico, Saint-Martin (2000)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below
GDP purchasing power parity - $104 million (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 4%

industry: 18%

services: 78% (1997 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,600 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2.8% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 18 15 N, 63 10 W
Geography - note the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
Highways total: 105 km

paved: 65 km

unpaved: 40 km (1997)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Imports $80.9 million (1999)
Imports - commodities fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
Imports - partners US, Puerto Rico, UK (2000)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate 3.1% (1997 est.)
Industries tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Infant mortality rate total: 21.91 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 28.72 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.3%
International organization participation Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate), UPU
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Labor force 6,049 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%, manufacturing 3%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, commerce 36%, services 29% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2001)
Languages English (official)
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats total, 7 elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 3 March 2000 (next to be held NA June 2005)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ANA 3, AUM 2, ADP 1, independent 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 76.9 years

male: 73.99 years

female: 79.91 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 12 and over can read and write

total population: 95%

male: 95%

female: 95% (1984 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine none
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Anguilla Day, 30 May
Nationality noun: Anguillan(s)

adjective: Anguillan
Natural hazards frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Natural resources salt, fish, lobster
Net migration rate 10.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; The United Front or UF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS], a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA; Anguilla Patriotic Movement or APM [Quincy GUMBS]; Movement for Grassroots Democracy or MFGD [Joyce KENTISH, John BENJAMIN]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 13,008 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 1.98% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Blowing Point, Road Bay
Radio broadcast stations AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religions Anglican 40%, Methodist 33%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7%, Baptist 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, other 12%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female

total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: modern internal telephone system

international: country code - 1-264; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles)
Telephones - main lines in use 6,200 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,800 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Total fertility rate 1.74 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 6.7% (2001)
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