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Anguilla (2001)

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Anguilla 2001 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of the UK)
Age structure 0-14 years:
25.55% (male 1,574; female 1,526)

15-64 years:
67.47% (male 4,200; female 3,985)

65 years and over:
6.98% (male 376; female 471) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Airports 3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

under 914 m:
2 (2000 est.)
Area total:
91 sq km

91 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative about half the size of Washington, DC
Background Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
Birth rate 15.17 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$20.4 million

$23.3 million, including capital expenditures of $3.8 million (1997 est.)
Capital The Valley
Climate tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Coastline 61 km
Constitution Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 5.61 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $8.8 million (1998)
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $3.5 million (1995)
Economy - overview Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. The economy, and especially the tourism sector, suffered a setback in late 1995 due to the effects of Hurricane Luis in September but recovered in 1996. Increased activity in the tourism industry, which has spurred the growth of the construction sector, has contributed to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector. A comprehensive package of financial services legislation was enacted in late 1994. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend on the tourism sector and, therefore, on continuing income growth in the industrialized nations as well as favorable weather conditions.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Crocus Hill 65 m
Environment - current issues supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Ethnic groups black
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter JOHNSTON (since NA February 2000)

head of government:
Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March 2000)

Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly

none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly
Exports $4.5 million (1998)
Exports - commodities lobster, fish, livestock, salt
Exports - partners NA
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below
GDP purchasing power parity - $96 million (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


78% (1997 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,200 (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 7% (1999 est.)
Geographic coordinates 18 15 N, 63 10 W
Highways total:
279 km

253 km

26 km (1998 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Imports $57.6 million (1998)
Imports - commodities NA
Imports - partners NA
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate 3.1% (1997 est.)
Industries tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Infant mortality rate 24.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (1998 est.)
International organization participation Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate), ECLAC (associate)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 16 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Labor force 4,400 (1992)
Labor force - by occupation commerce 36%, services 29%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, manufacturing 3%, agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds)
Languages English (official)
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats total, 7 elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)

last held 3 March 2000 (next to be held NA March 2005)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UF 4, AUM 2, independent 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
76.31 years

73.41 years

79.29 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 12 and over can read and write

total population:


95% (1984 est.)
Location Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
3 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Anguilla Day, 30 May
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Natural resources salt, fish, lobster
Net migration rate 17.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; The United Front or UF [Osbourne FLEMMING, Victor BANKS], a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 12,132 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.68% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Blowing Point, Road Bay
Radio broadcast stations AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios 3,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Anglican 40%, Methodist 33%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7%, Baptist 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, other 12%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.8 male(s)/female

total population:
1.03 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:

modern internal telephone system

microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles)
Telephones - main lines in use 5,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Total fertility rate 1.79 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 7% (1992 est.)
Waterways none
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