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American Samoa (2007)

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American Samoa 2007 year

 American Samoa
Administrative divisions none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manu'a, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western
Age structure 0-14 years: 33.6% (male 10,049/female 9,345)

15-64 years: 63.5% (male 19,041/female 17,556)

65 years and over: 2.9% (male 606/female 1,066) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock
Airports 3 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2006)
Area total: 199 sq km

land: 199 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island
Area - comparative slightly larger than Washington, DC
Background Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was "discovered" by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.
Birth rate 21.83 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $121 million (37% in local revenue and 63% in US grants)

expenditures: $127 million (FY96/97)
Capital name: Pago Pago

geographic coordinates: 14 16 S, 170 42 W

time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 116 km
Constitution ratified 2 June 1966, effective 1 July 1967
Country name conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa

conventional short form: American Samoa

abbreviation: AS
Death rate 3.24 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of the US)
Disputes - international Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island (Olohega) in its 2006 draft constitution
Economic aid - recipient important financial support from the US, more than $40 million in 1994
Economy - overview American Samoa has a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts most of its commerce. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.
Electricity - consumption 167.4 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 180 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines
Ethnic groups native Pacific islander 92.9%, Asian 2.9%, white 1.2%, mixed 2.8%, other 0.2% (2000 census)
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)

head of government: Governor Togiola TULAFONO (since 7 April 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet made up of 12 department directors

elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as American Samoa, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 2 and 16 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008)

election results: Togiola TULAFONO elected governor; percent of vote - Togiola TULAFONO 55.7%, Afoa Moega LUTU 44.3%
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $445.6 million (FY04 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities canned tuna 93% (2004 est.)
Exports - partners Indonesia 28.2%, India 22.3%, Australia 15.3%, Japan 11.2%, NZ 7.1% (2006)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description blue, with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the outer side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a staff and a war club
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate 3% (2003)
Geographic coordinates 14 20 S, 170 00 W
Geography - note Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $308.8 million (FY04 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities materials for canneries 56%, food 8%, petroleum products 7%, machinery and parts 6% (2004 est.)
Imports - partners Australia 66%, Samoa 13.8%, NZ 10.8% (2006)
Independence none (territory of the US)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Infant mortality rate total: 8.88 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.47 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 8.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation Interpol (subbureau), IOC, SPC, UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch High Court (chief justice and associate justices are appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior)
Labor force 17,630 (2005)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 34%

industry: 33%

services: 33% (1990)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 10%

permanent crops: 15%

other: 75% (2005)
Languages Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%

note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)
Legal system NA
Legislative branch bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members are elected by popular vote and 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; to serve two-year terms) and the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs to serve four-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); Senate - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 18

note: American Samoa elects one nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA reelected as delegate
Life expectancy at birth total population: 76.25 years

male: 72.69 years

female: 80.02 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 98%

female: 97% (1980 est.)
Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
National holiday Flag Day, 17 April (1900)
Nationality noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)

adjective: American Samoan
Natural hazards typhoons common from December to March
Natural resources pumice, pumicite
Net migration rate -21.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party [Oreta M. TOGAFAU]; Republican Party [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 57,663 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.262% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)
Religions Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.075 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.085 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.568 male(s)/female

total population: 1.062 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: good telex, telegraph, facsimile and cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station

international: country code - 1-684; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat-Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 10,400 (2004)
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,200 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 1 (2006)
Terrain five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
Total fertility rate 3.07 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 29.8% (2005)
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