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Porownanie Zachodni Brzeg (2008) - Zachodni Brzeg (2001)

Porownanie Zachodni Brzeg (2008) z Zachodni Brzeg (2001)

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 Zachodni Brzeg (2008)Zachodni Brzeg (2001)
 Zachodni BrzegZachodni Brzeg
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 551,243/female 524,800)


15-64 years: 54.2% (male 704,209/female 670,382)


65 years and over: 3.4% (male 36,175/female 49,118) (2007 est.)
0-14 years:
44.61% (male 478,232; female 454,439)

15-64 years:
51.8% (male 552,661; female 530,230)

65 years and over:
3.59% (male 32,629; female 42,522) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 3 (2007) 3 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
total:
3

2,438 to 3,047 m:
1

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total: 5,860 sq km


land: 5,640 sq km


water: 220 sq km


note: includes Zachodni Brzeg, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Izrael w 1967
total:
5,860 sq km

land:
5,640 sq km

water:
220 sq km

note:
includes Zachodni Brzeg, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Izrael w 1967
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne The wrzesien 1993 Izrael-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements provided dla a transitional period of Palestinian self-rule w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. Under a series of agreements signed between maj 1994 and wrzesien 1999, Izrael transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) security and civilian responsibility dla Palestinian-populated areas of the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza stalled following the outbreak of an intifada w wrzesien 2000, as Izraeli forces reoccupied most Palestinian-controlled areas. In kwiecien 2003, the Quartet (US, EU, UN, and Rosja) presented a roadmap to a final settlement of the conflict by 2005 based on reciprocal steps by the two parties leading to two states, Izrael and a democratic Palestine. The proposed date dla a permanent status agreement was postponed indefinitely due to violence and accusations that both sides had not followed through on their commitments. Following Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT's death w late 2004, Mahmud ABBAS was elected PA president w styczen 2005. A month later, Izrael and the PA agreed to the Sharm el-Sheikh Commitments w an effort to move the peace process forward. In wrzesien 2005, Izrael unilaterally withdrew all its settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities w the Gaza and withdrew settlers and redeployed soldiers from four small northern Zachodni Brzeg settlements. Nonetheless, Izrael controls maritime, airspace, and most access to the Gaza. A listopad 2005 PA-Izraeli agreement authorized the reopening of the Rafah border crossing between the Gaza and Egipt under joint PA and Egiptian control. In styczen 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won control of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). The international community refused to accept the HAMAS-led government because it did not recognize Izrael, would not renounce violence, and refused to honor previous peace agreements between Izrael and the PA. HAMAS took control of the PA government w marzec 2006, but President ABBAS had little success negotiating z HAMAS to present a political platform acceptable to the international community so as to lift economic sanctions on Palestinians. The PLC was unable to convene throughout most of 2006 as a result of Izrael's detention of many HAMAS PLC members and Izraeli-imposed travel restrictions on other PLC members. Violent clashes took place between Fatah and HAMAS supporters w the Gaza w 2006 and early 2007, resulting w numerous Palestinian deaths and injuries. ABBAS and HAMAS Political Bureau Chief MISHAL w luty 2007 signed the Mecca Agreement w Arabia Saudyjska that resulted w the formation of a Palestinian National Unity Government (NUG) headed by HAMAS member Ismail HANIYA. However, fighting continued w the Gaza, and w czerwiec, HAMAS militants succeeded w a violent takeover of all military and governmental institutions w the Gaza. ABBAS dismissed the NUG and through a series of presidential decrees formed a PA government w the Zachodni Brzeg led by independent Salam FAYYAD. HAMAS rejected the NUG's dismissal and has called dla resuming talks z Fatah, but ABBAS has ruled out negotiations until HAMAS agrees to a return of PA control over the Gaza and recognizes the FAYYAD-led government. FAYYAD and his PA government initiated a series of security and economic reforms to improve conditions w the Zachodni Brzeg. ABBAS participated w talks z Izrael's Prime Minister OLMERT and secured the release of some Palestinian prisoners and previously withheld customs revenue. During a listopad 2007 international meeting w Annapolis Maryland, ABBAS and OLMERT agreed to resume peace negotiations z the goal of reaching a final peace settlement by the end of 2008. The Izrael-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (the DOP), signed w Washington on 13 wrzesien 1993, provided dla a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government w the Gaza and the Zachodni Brzeg. Under the DOP, Izrael agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, which includes the Palestinian Legislative Council elected w styczen 1996, as part of interim self-governing arrangements w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. A transfer of powers and responsibilities dla the Gaza and Jericho took place pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 4 maj 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza and the Jericho Terytorium and w additional areas of the Zachodni Brzeg pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 28 wrzesien 1995 Interim Agreement, the Izrael-PLO 15 styczen 1997 Protocol Concerning Redeployment w Hebron, the Izrael-PLO 23 pazdziernik 1998 Wye River Memorandum, and the 4 wrzesien 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. The DOP provides that Izrael will retain responsibility during the transitional period dla external security and dla internal security and public order of settlements and Izraeli citizens. Permanent status is to be determined through direct negotiations, which resumed w wrzesien 1999 after a three-year hiatus. An intifadah broke out w wrzesien 2000; the resulting widespread violence w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza, Izrael's military response, and instability w the Palestinian Authority are undermining progress toward a permanent settlement.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 30.99 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 35.83 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.149 billion


expenditures: $2.31 billion


note: includes Gaza (2006)
revenues:
$1.6 billion

expenditures:
$1.73 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA

note:
includes Gaza (1999 est.)
Klimat temperate; temperature and precipitation vary z altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters temperate, temperature and precipitation vary z altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked) 0 km (landlocked)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Zachodni Brzeg
conventional long form:
none

conventional short form:
Zachodni Brzeg
Waluta - new Izraeli shekel (ILS); Jordaniaian dinar (JOD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.85 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 4.37 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA $108 million (includes Gaza) (1997 est.)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Izrael continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the Zachodni Brzeg; Izrael withdrew from four settlements w the northern Zachodni Brzeg w sierpien 2005; since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), headquartered w Jerusalem, monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel w the region Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.4 billion; (includes Gaza) (2006 est.) $121 million disbursed (includes Gaza) (2000)
Ekonomia The Zachodni Brzeg - the larger of the two areas comprising the Palestinian Authority (PA) - has experienced a general decline w economic conditions since the second intifada began w wrzesien 2000. The downturn has been largely a result of Izraeli closure policies - the imposition of closures and access restrictions w response to security concerns w Izrael - which disrupted labor and trading relationships. In 2001, and even more severely w 2002, Izraeli military measures w PA areas resulted w the destruction of capital, the disruption of administrative structures, and widespread business closures. International aid of at least $1.14 billion to the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza w 2004 prevented the complete collapse of the economy and allowed some reforms w the government's financial operations. In 2005, high unemployment and limited trade opportunities - due to continued closures both within the Zachodni Brzeg and externally - stymied growth. Izrael's and the international community's financial embargo of the PA when HAMAS ran the PA during marzec 2006 - czerwiec 2007 has interrupted the provision of PA social services and the payment of PA salaries. Since czerwiec the Fayyad government w the Zachodni Brzeg has restarted salary payments and the provision of services but would be unable to operate absent high levels of international assistance. Economic output w the Zachodni Brzeg is governed by the Paris Economic Protocol of kwiecien 1994 between Izrael and the Palestinian Authority. Real per capita Produkt krajowy brutto dla the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza (WBGS) declined by 36.1% between 1992 and 1996 owing to the combined effect of falling aggregate incomes and rapid population growth. The downturn w economic activity was largely the result of Izraeli closure policies - the imposition of border closures w response to security incidents w Izrael - which disrupted established labor and commodity market relationships between Izrael and the WBGS. The most serious social effect of this downturn was rising unemployment; unemployment w the WBGS during the 1980s was generally under 5%; by 1995 it had risen to over 20%. Since 1997 Izrael's use of comprehensive closures has decreased and, w 1998, Izrael implemented new policies to reduce the impact of closures and other security procedures on the movement of Palestinian goods and labor. These changes fueled an almost three-year long economic recovery w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; real Produkt krajowy brutto grew by 5% w 1998 and 6% w 1999. Recovery was upended w the last quarter of 2000 z the outbreak of Palestinian violence, which triggered tight Izraeli closures of Palestinian self-rule areas and a severe disruption of trade and labor movements.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh; note - most electricity imported from Izrael; East Jerusalem Electric Company buys and distributes electricity to Palestinians w East Jerusalem and its concession w the Zachodni Brzeg; the Izrael Electric Company directly supplies electricity to most Jewish residents and military facilities; some Palestinian municipalities, such as Nablus and Janin, generate their own electricity from small power plants NA kWh; note - most electricity imported from Izrael; East Jerusalem Electric Company buys and distributes electricity to Palestinians w East Jerusalem and its concession w the Zachodni Brzeg; the Izrael Electric Company directly supplies electricity to most Jewish residents and military facilities; at the same time, some Palestinian municipalities, such as Nablus and Janin, generate their own electricity from small power plants
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii - fossil fuel:
NA%

hydro:
NA%

nuclear:
NA%

other:
NA%
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m


highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m
lowest point:
Dead Sea -408 m

highest point:
Tall Asur 1,022 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment
Grupy etniczne Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17% Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.14 (2007), 4.4565 (2006), 4.4877 (2005), 4.482 (2004), 4.5541 (2003) new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.0810 (grudzien 2000), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397 (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494 (1997), 3.1917 (1996); Jordaniaian dinars per US dollar - fixed rate of 0.7090 (from 1996)
Eksport $301 million f.o.b.; (includes Gaza) (2005) $682 million (includes Gaza) (f.o.b., 1998 est.)
Eksport - towary olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
Eksport - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2006) Izrael, Jordania, Gaza
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy (since 1 styczen 1992)
Produkt krajowy brutto - purchasing power parity - $3.1 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8%


industry: 13%


services: 79% (includes Gaza) (2006 est.)
agriculture:
9%

industry:
28%

services:
63%

note:
includes Gaza (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita - purchasing power parity - $1,500 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -8% (includes Gaza) (2006 est.) -7.5% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 32 00 N, 35 15 E 32 00 N, 35 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; highlands are main recharge area dla Izrael's coastal aquifers; there are 242 Zachodni Brzeg settlements and 29 East Jerusalem settlements w addition to at least 20 occupied outposts (sierpien 2005 est.) landlocked; highlands are main recharge area dla Izrael's coastal aquifers; there are 231 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Zachodni Brzeg and 29 w East Jerusalem (sierpien 1999 est.)
Autostrady - total:
4,500 km

paved:
2,700 km

unpaved:
1,800 km (1997 est.)

note:
Izraelis have developed many highways to service Jewish settlements
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import $2.44 billion c.i.f.; (includes Gaza) (2005) $2.5 billion (includes Gaza) (c.i.f., 1998 est.)
Import - towary food, consumer goods, construction materials food, consumer goods, construction materials
Import - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2006) Izrael, Jordania, Gaza
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.4% (includes Gaza) (2005) NA%
Przemysl generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Izraelis have established some small-scale, modern industries w the settlements and industrial centers generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Izraelis have established some small-scale, modern industries w the settlements and industrial centers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.67 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 20.59 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 16.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
21.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 3.6% (includes Gaza) (2006) 3% (includes Gaza) (2000 est.)
Dostawcy internetu - 8 (1999)
Nawadniane tereny 150 sq km; note - includes Gaza (2003) NA sq km
Sila robocza 605,000 (2006) NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 18%


industry: 15%


services: 67% (2006)
services 66%, industry 21%, agriculture 13% (1996)
Granica total: 404 km


border countries: Izrael 307 km, Jordania 97 km
total:
404 km

border countries:
Izrael 307 km, Jordania 97 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.9%


permanent crops: 18.97%


other: 64.13% (2001)
arable land:
27%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
32%

forests and woodland:
1%

other:
40%
Jezyki Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Izraeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood) Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Izraeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Zywotnosc total population: 73.46 years


male: 71.68 years


female: 75.35 years (2007 est.)
total population:
72.28 years

male:
70.58 years

female:
74.07 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.4%


male: 96.7%


female: 88% (2004 est.)
definition:
NA

total population:
NA%

male:
NA%

female:
NA%
Lokalizacja Middle East, west of Jordania Middle East, west of Jordania
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East Middle East
Morskie obszary none (landlocked) none (landlocked)
Wojsko - NA
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $NA
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA NA%
Narodowosc noun: NA


adjective: NA
noun:
NA

adjective:
NA
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts droughts
Surowce naturalne arable land arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) 3.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Ludnosc 2,535,927


note: w addition, there are about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (lipiec 2004 est.)
2,090,713 (lipiec 2001 est.)

note:
in addition, there are some 176,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg and about 173,000 w East Jerusalem (sierpien 1999 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 46% (2007 est.) NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.985% (2007 est.) 3.48% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie - none
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 25, shortwave 0 (2008) AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0

note:
the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation broadcasts from an AM station w Ramallah on 675 kHz; numerous local, private stations are reported to be w operation (2000)
Radia - NA; note - most Palestinian households have radios (1999)
Linie kolejowe - 0 km
Religie Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8% Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.736 male(s)/female


total population: 1.038 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.77 male(s)/female

total population:
1.04 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: Izraeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible dla fixed line services; the Palestinian JAWAL company provides cellular services


international: country code - 970 (2004)
general assessment:
NA

domestic:
NA

international:
NA

note:
Izraeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible dla communication services w the Zachodni Brzeg
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 349,000 (includes Gaza) (2005) 95,729 (total dla Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza) (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 1.095 million (includes Gaza) (2005) NA
Stacje telewizyjne 30 (2008) NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation w west, but barren w east mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation w west, but barren w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.17 children born/woman (2007 est.) 4.9 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 18.6% (2006) 40% (includes Gaza) (yearend 2000)
Drogi wodne - none
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