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 Seszele (2008)Seszele (2006)
 SeszeleSeszele
Podzial administracyjny 23 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Louis, Anse Royale, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand' Anse (on Mahe), Grand' Anse (on Praslin), La Digue, La Riviere Anglaise, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe La Rue, Port Glaud, Saint Louis, Takamaka 23 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Louis, Anse Royale, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand' Anse (on Mahe), Grand' Anse (on Praslin), La Digue, La Riviere Anglaise, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe La Rue, Port Glaud, Saint Louis, Takamaka
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 25.4% (male 10,504/female 10,272)


15-64 years: 68.5% (male 27,405/female 28,706)


65 years and over: 6.1% (male 1,590/female 3,418) (2007 est.)
0-14 years: 25.9% (male 10,667/female 10,440)


15-64 years: 68% (male 27,060/female 28,366)


65 years and over: 6.1% (male 1,607/female 3,401) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (tapioca), bananas; poultry; tuna coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (tapioca), bananas; poultry; tuna
Lotniska 15 (2007) 15 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 9


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 6


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
total: 8


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 5


under 914 m: 2 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 6


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 4 (2007)
total: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 4 (2006)
Terytorium total: 455 sq km


land: 455 sq km


water: 0 sq km
total: 455 sq km


land: 455 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne A lengthy struggle between Francja and Great Britain dla the islands ended w 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Niepodleglosc came w 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close z a new constitution and free elections w 1993. President Francja-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected w 2001, but stepped down w 2004. Vice President James MICHEL took over the presidency and w lipiec 2006 was elected to a new five-year term. A lengthy struggle between Francja and Great Britain dla the islands ended w 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Niepodleglosc came w 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close z a new constitution and free elections w 1993. The most recent presidential elections were held w 2001; President RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected. In kwiecien 2004 RENE stepped down and Vice President James MICHEL was sworn w as president.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.83 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 16.03 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $380.9 million


expenditures: $361.2 million (2007 est.)
revenues: $343.3 million


expenditures: $332.2 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Victoria


geographic coordinates: 4 38 S, 55 27 E


time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
name: Victoria


geographic coordinates: 4 38 S, 55 27 E


time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late maj to wrzesien); warmer season during northwest monsoon (marzec to maj) tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late maj to wrzesien); warmer season during northwest monsoon (marzec to maj)
Linia brzegowa 491 km 491 km
Konstytucja 18 czerwiec 1993 18 czerwiec 1993
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Seszele


conventional short form: Seszele


local long form: Republic of Seszele


local short form: Seszele
conventional long form: Republic of Seszele


conventional short form: Seszele


local long form: Republic of Seszele


local short form: Seszele
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.25 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 6.29 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $957 million (31 grudzien 2007 est.) $508 million (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Seszele; the ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to Seszele the US does not have an embassy w Seszele; the ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to the Seszele
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jean Ronald JUMEAU


chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400C, New York, NY 10017


telephone: [1] (212) 972-1785


FAX: [1] (212) 972-1786
chief of mission: Ambassador Jeremie BONNELAME


chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400C, New York, NY 10017


telephone: [1] (212) 972-1785


FAX: [1] (212) 972-1786
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje together z Mauritius, Seszele claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego) together z Mauritius, Seszele claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego)
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $18.81 million (2005) $16.4 million (1995)
Ekonomia Since independence w 1976, per capita output w this Ocean Indyjski archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the pre-independence, near-subsistence level, moving the island into the upper-middle income group of countries. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which employs about 30% of the labor force and provides more than 70% of hard currency earnings, and by tuna fishing. In recent years, the government has encouraged foreign investment to upgrade hotels and other services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming, fishing, and small-scale manufacturing. Sharp drops illustrated the vulnerability of the tourist sector w 1991-92 due largely to the Gulf War and once again following the 11 wrzesien 2001 terrorist attacks on the US. Economic growth slowed w 1998-2002 and fell w 2003-04, due to sluggish tourist and tuna sectors, but resumed w 2005-07. Real Produkt krajowy brutto grew by 5.8% w 2007, driven by tourism and a boom w tourism-related construction. The Seszele rupee was allowed to depreciate w 2006 after being overvalued dla years and fell by 10% w the first 9 months of 2007. Since independence w 1976, per capita output w this Ocean Indyjski archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which employs about 30% of the labor force and provides more than 70% of hard currency earnings, and by tuna fishing. In recent years the government has encouraged foreign investment w order to upgrade hotels and other services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming, fishing, and small-scale manufacturing. Sharp drops illustrated the vulnerability of the tourist sector w 1991-92 due largely to the Gulf War, and once again following the 11 wrzesien 2001 terrorist attacks on the US. Growth slowed w 1998-2002, and fell w 2003, due to sluggish tourist and tuna sectors, but resumed w 2004, erasing a persistent budget deficit. Growth turned negative again w 2005. Tight controls on exchange rates and the scarcity of foreign exchange have impaired short-term economic prospects. The black-market value of the Seszele rupee is half the official exchange rate; without a devaluation of the currency, the tourist sector may remain sluggish as vacationers seek cheaper destinations such as Komory, Mauritius, and Madagaskar.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 193.4 million kWh (2005) 224.4 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005) 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005) 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 208 million kWh (2005) 241.3 million kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m
lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mixed French, African, Indien, Chinese, and Arab mixed French, African, Indien, Chinese, and Arab
Kurs waluty Seszele rupees per US dollar - 6.5 (2007), 5.5 (2006), 5.5 (2005), 5.5 (2004), 5.4007 (2003) Seszele rupees per US dollar - 5.5 (2005), 5.5 (2004), 5.4007 (2003), 5.48 (2002), 5.8575 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President James Alix MICHEL (since 14 kwiecien 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President James MICHEL (since 14 kwiecien 2004)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla two more terms); election last held 28-30 lipiec 2006 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: President James MICHEL elected president; percent of vote - James MICHEL 53.73%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN 45.71%, Philippe BOULLE 0.56%; note - this was the first election w which President James MICHEL participated; he was originally sworn w as president after former president Francja Albert RENE stepped down w kwiecien 2004
chief of state: President James MICHEL (since 14 kwiecien 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President James MICHEL (since 14 kwiecien 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla two more terms); election last held 28-30 lipiec 2006 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: President James MICHEL elected president; percent of vote - James MICHEL (SPPF) 53.73%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN (SNP) 45.71%, Philippe BOULLE 0.56%; note - this was the first election w which President James MICHEL participated; he was originally sworn w as president after former president Francja Albert RENE stepped down w kwiecien 2004
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004) NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary canned tuna, frozen fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports) canned tuna, frozen fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports)
Eksport - partnerzy UK 25.5%, Francja 17.5%, Wlochy 11.9%, Mauritius 8.5%, Japonia 8.3%, Hiszpania 8.2%, Holandia 4.3% (2006) UK 23%, Hiszpania 19.6%, Francja 11.4%, Japonia 9.7%, Wlochy 7.4%, Niemcy 5.7%, Holandia 5.4% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.4%


industry: 25.6%


services: 72% (2007 est.)
agriculture: 3.2%


industry: 30.4%


services: 66.5% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.8% (2007 est.) -3% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 4 35 S, 55 40 E 4 35 S, 55 40 E
Polozenie geograficzne 41 granitic and about 75 coralline islands 41 granitic and about 75 coralline islands
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 5,800 bbl/day (2004) NA bbl/day
Import - towary machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Arabia Saudyjska 17.7%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 9.7%, Hiszpania 8.1%, Francja 7.8%, Singapur 7.2%, Wlochy 4.8%, UK 4% (2006) Arabia Saudyjska 16.7%, Hiszpania 14.9%, Singapur 7.6%, Francja 7.5%, Wlochy 6.2%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 6.2% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 29 czerwiec 1976 (from UK) 29 czerwiec 1976 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1% (2007 est.) NA%
Przemysl fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 14.75 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 18.67 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 10.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
total: 15.14 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 19.16 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 10.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 2.9% (2007 est.) 1.6% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer) ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny NA NA
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal; Supreme Court; judges dla both courts are appointed by the president Court of Appeal; Supreme Court; judges dla both courts are appointed by the president
Sila robocza 30,900 (1996) 30,900 (1996)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 10%


industry: 19%


services: 71% (1989)
agriculture: 10%


industry: 19%


services: 71% (1989)
Granica 0 km 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.17%


permanent crops: 13.04%


other: 84.79% (2005)
arable land: 2.17%


permanent crops: 13.04%


other: 84.79% (2005)
Jezyki Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census) Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census)
System prawny based on English common law, French civil law, and customary law based on English common law, French civil law, and customary law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (34 seats; 25 members elected by popular vote, 9 allocated on a proportional basis to parties winning at least 10% of the vote; to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 10-12 maj 2007 (next to be held w 2012)


election results: percent of vote by party - SPPF 56.2%, SNP 43.8%; seats by party - SPPF 23, SNP 11
unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (34 seats - 25 elected by popular vote, 9 allocated on a proportional basis to parties winning at least 10% of the vote; members serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 4-6 grudzien 2002 (next to be held w grudzien 2007)


election results: percent of vote by party - SPPF 54.3%, SNP 42.6%, DP 3.1%; seats by party - SPPF 23, SNP 11
Zywotnosc total population: 72.34 years


male: 66.98 years


female: 77.86 years (2007 est.)
total population: 72.08 years


male: 66.69 years


female: 77.63 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 91.8%


male: 91.4%


female: 92.3% (2002 census)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 91.9%


male: 91.4%


female: 92.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja archipelago w the Ocean Indyjski, northeast of Madagaskar archipelago w the Ocean Indyjski, northeast of Madagaskar
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 6 ships (1000 GRT or over) 108,348 GRT/165,593 DWT


by type: cargo 1, carrier 1, chemical tanker 4


foreign-owned: 3 (Hong Kong 1, Nigeria 1, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 1) (2007)
total: 5 ships (1000 GRT or over) 69,777 GRT/113,501 DWT


by type: cargo 1, chemical tanker 4


foreign-owned: 1 (Nigeria 1) (2006)
Wojsko Seszele Defense Force: Army, Coast Guard (includes Naval Wing, Air Wing), National Guard (2005) Seszele Defense Force: Army, Coast Guard (includes Navy Wing, Air Wing), National Guard (2005)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $14.85 million (2005 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2% (2006 est.) 2.1% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Konstytucja Day (National Day), 18 czerwiec (1993) Konstytucja Day (National Day), 18 czerwiec (1993)
Narodowosc noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)


adjective: Seychellois
noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)


adjective: Seychellois
Naturalne zagrozenia lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible
Surowce naturalne fish, copra, cinnamon trees fish, copra, cinnamon trees
Wspolczynnik migracji -5.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) -5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Party or DP [James MANCHAM, Paul CHOW]; Seszele National Party or SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] (formerly the United Opposition or UO); Seszele People's Progressive Front or SPPF [Francja Albert RENE, James MICHEL] (the governing party) Democratic Party or DP [James MANCHAM, Daniel BELLE]; Mouvement Seychellois pour la Democratie [Jacques HODOUL]; Seszele National Party or SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] (formerly the United Opposition or UO); Seszele People's Progressive Front or SPPF [Francja Albert RENE, James MICHEL] (the governing party)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Roman Catholic Church; trade unions Roman Catholic Church; trade unions
Ludnosc 81,895 (lipiec 2007 est.) 81,541 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA% NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.432% (2007 est.) 0.43% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 2 (2001) AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 2 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 82.3%, Anglican 6.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.1%, other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6% (2002 census) Roman Catholic 82.3%, Anglican 6.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.1%, other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6% (2002 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.023 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.955 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.465 male(s)/female


total population: 0.932 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.47 male(s)/female


total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 17 years of age; universal 17 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: effective system


domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 110 telephones per 100 persons; radiotelephone communications between islands w the archipelago


international: country code - 248; direct radiotelephone communications z adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski)
general assessment: effective system


domestic: radiotelephone communications between islands w the archipelago


international: country code - 248; direct radiotelephone communications z adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 20,700 (2006) 21,400 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 70,300 (2006) 57,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (plus 9 repeaters) (1997) 2 (plus 9 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.74 children born/woman (2007 est.) 1.74 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA% NA%
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