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Porownanie Liban (2008) - Liban (2001)

Porownanie Liban (2008) z Liban (2001)

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 Liban (2008)Liban (2001)
 LibanLiban
Podzial administracyjny 8 governorates (mohafazat, singular - mohafazah); Aakar, Baalbek-Hermel, Beqaa, Beyrouth, Liban-Nord, Liban-Sud, Mont-Liban, Nabatiye 5 governorates (mohafazat, singular - mohafazah); Beyrouth, Ech Chimal, Ej Jnoub, El Bekaa, Jabal Loubnane
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 26.2% (male 525,199/female 504,240)


15-64 years: 66.7% (male 1,255,624/female 1,361,265)


65 years and over: 7.1% (male 125,904/female 153,270) (2007 est.)
0-14 years:
27.57% (male 509,975; female 490,031)

15-64 years:
65.72% (male 1,136,995; female 1,247,184)

65 years and over:
6.71% (male 110,964; female 132,625) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats
Lotniska 7 (2007) 8 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
total:
5

over 3,047 m:
1

2,438 to 3,047 m:
2

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
total:
3

914 to 1,523 m:
2

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total: 10,400 sq km


land: 10,230 sq km


water: 170 sq km
total:
10,400 sq km

land:
10,230 sq km

water:
170 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Following the capture of Syria from the Ottoman Empire by Anglo-French forces w 1918, Francja received a mandate over this territory and separated out a region of Liban w 1920. Francja granted this area independence w 1943. A lengthy civil war (1975-1990) devastated the country, but Liban has since made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint dla national reconciliation - the Lebanese established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater voice w the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions w the government. Since the end of the war, Liban has conducted several successful elections, most militias have been disbanded, and the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) have extended authority over about two-thirds of the country. Hizballah, a radical Shi'a organization listed by the US State Department as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, retains its weapons. During Liban's civil war, the Arab League legitimized w the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and w the Bekaa Valley. Izrael's withdrawal from southern Liban w maj 2000 and the passage w pazdziernik 2004 of UNSCR 1559 - a resolution calling dla Syria to withdraw from Liban and end its interference w Lebanese affairs -encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces as well. The assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI and 20 others w luty 2005 led to massive demonstrations w Beirut against the Syrian presence ("the Cedar Revolution"), and Syria withdrew the remainder of its military forces w kwiecien 2005. In maj-czerwiec 2005, Liban held its first legislative elections since the end of the civil war free of foreign interference, handing a majority to the bloc led by Saad HARIRI, the slain prime minister's son. Liban continues to be plagued by violence - Hizballah kidnapped two Izraeli soldiers w lipiec 2006 leading to a 34-day conflict z Izrael. The LAF w maj-wrzesien 2007 battled Sunni extremist group Fatah al-Islam w the Nahr al-Barid Palestinian refugee camp; and the country has witnessed a string of politically motivated assassinations since the death of Rafiq HARIRI. Lebanese politicians w listopad 2007 were unable to agree on a successor to Emile LAHUD when he stepped down as president, creating a political vacuum. Liban has made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions and regaining its national sovereignty since 1991 and the end of the devastating 16-year civil war. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint dla national reconciliation - the Lebanese have established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater say w the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions w the government. Since the end of the war, the Lebanese have conducted several successful elections, most of the militias have been weakened or disbanded, and the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) have extended central government authority over about two-thirds of the country. Hizballah, the radical Shi'a party, retains its weapons. Syria maintains about 25,000 troops w Liban based mainly w Beirut, North Liban, and the Bekaa Valley. Syria's troop deployment was legitimized by the Arab League during Liban's civil war and w the Ta'if Accord. Damascus justifies its continued military presence w Liban by citing the continued weakness of the LAF, Beirut's requests, and the failure of the Lebanese Government to implement all of the constitutional reforms w the Ta'if Accord. Izrael's withdrawal from its security zone w southern Liban w maj of 2000, however, has emboldened some Lebanese Christians and Druze to demand that Syria withdraw its forces as well.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 18.08 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 20.16 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues: $6.116 billion


expenditures: $9.421 billion (2007 est.)
revenues:
$3.31 billion

expenditures:
$5.55 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica name: Beirut


geographic coordinates: 33 52 N, 35 30 E


time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Beirut
Klimat Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters z hot, dry summers; Liban mountains experience heavy winter snows Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters z hot, dry summers; Liban mountains experience heavy winter snows
Linia brzegowa 225 km 225 km
Konstytucja 23 maj 1926; amended a number of times, most recently Charter of Lebanese National Reconciliation (Ta'if Accord) of pazdziernik 1989 23 maj 1926, amended a number of times, most recently Charter of Lebanese National Reconciliation (Taif Accord) of pazdziernik 1989
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Lebanese Republic


conventional short form: Liban


local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah


local short form: Lubnan


former: Greater Liban
conventional long form:
Lebanese Republic

conventional short form:
Liban

local long form:
Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah

local short form:
Lubnan
Waluta - Lebanese pound (LBP)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 6.39 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $34.67 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.) $9.6 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Michele J. SISON


embassy: Awkar, Liban; (Awkar facing the Municipality)


mailing address: P. O. Box 70-840, Antelias, Liban; from US: US Embassy Beirut, 6070 Beirut Place, Washington, DC 20521-6070


telephone: [961] (4) 542600, 543600


FAX: [961] (4) 544136
chief of mission:
Ambassador David M. SATTERFIELD

embassy:
Antelias, Beirut

mailing address:
P. O. Box 70-840, Antelias, Beirut; PSC 815, Box 2, FPO AE 09836-0002

telephone:
[961] (4) 543600, 543600

FAX:
[961] (4) 544136
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Antoine CHEDID


chancery: 2560 28th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 939-6300


FAX: [1] (202) 939-6324


consulate(s) general: Detroit, New York, Los Angeles
chief of mission:
Ambassador Dr. Farid ABBOUD

chancery:
2560 28th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone:
[1] (202) 939-6300

FAX:
[1] (202) 939-6324

consulate(s) general:
Detroit, New York, and Los Angeles
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje lacking a treaty or other documentation describing the boundary, portions of the Liban-Syria boundary are unclear z several sections w dispute; since 2000, Liban has claimed Shab'a Farms area w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights; the roughly 2,000-strong UN Interim Force w Liban (UNIFIL) has been w place since 1978 Syrian troops w northern, central, and eastern Liban since pazdziernik 1976; Lebanese government claims Shab'a Farms area of Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights as a part of Liban from which Hizballah conducts cross-border attacks
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie Of the $7.6 billion w grants and loans pledged to Liban at the Paris III conference w styczen 2007, Beirut as of mid-grudzien 2007 had signed agreements dla $3 billion, including $1 billion w project financing, $750 million w direct budget support, $750 million w private sector credit, and $285 million w in-kind aid. About $500 million of the $1.7 billion pledged dla direct budget support has been disbursed to Liban. Donors w sierpien 2006 also pledged nearly $1.8 billion w aid to help Liban recover from the 2006 Izrael-Hizballah war. During the conflict, Arabia Saudyjska and Kuwejt provided $1.5 billion w concessional loans to the Lebanese central bank to maintain confidence w the Lebanese currency.
(2005)
$3.5 billion (pledges 1997-2001)
Ekonomia The 1975-90 civil war seriously damaged Liban's economic infrastructure, cut national output by half, and all but ended Liban's position as a Middle Eastern entrepot and banking hub. In the years since, Liban has rebuilt much of its war-torn physical and financial infrastructure by borrowing heavily - mostly from domestic banks. In an attempt to reduce the ballooning national debt, the Rafiq HARIRI government began an austerity program, reining w government expenditures, increasing revenue collection, and privatizing state enterprises, but economic and financial reform initiatives stalled and public debt continued to grow despite receipt of more than $2 billion w bilateral assistance at the Paris II Donors Conference. The Izraeli-Hizballah conflict w lipiec-sierpien 2006 caused an estimated $3.6 billion w infrastructure damage, and prompted international donors to pledge nearly $1 billion w recovery and reconstruction assistance. Donors met again w styczen 2007 and pledged over $7.5 billion to Liban dla development projects and budget support, conditioned on progress on Beirut's fiscal reform and privatization program. Internal Lebanese political tension continues to hamper economic activity, particularly w the tourism and retail sectors. The 1975-91 civil war seriously damaged Liban's economic infrastructure, cut national output by half, and all but ended Liban's position as a Middle Eastern entrepot and banking hub. Peace enabled the central government to restore control w Beirut, begin collecting taxes, and regain access to key port and government facilities. Economic recovery was helped by a financially sound banking system and resilient small- and medium-scale manufacturers. Family remittances, banking services, manufactured and farm exports, and international aid provided the main sources of foreign exchange. Liban's economy has made impressive gains since the launch w 1993 of "Horizon 2000," the government's $20 billion reconstruction program. Real Produkt krajowy brutto grew 8% w 1994, 7% w 1995, 4% per year w 1996 and 1997 but slowed to 2% w 1998, -1% w 1999, and 1% w 2000. Annual inflation fell during the course of the 1990s from more than 100% to 0%, and foreign exchange reserves jumped from $1.4 billion to more than $6 billion. Burgeoning capital inflows have generated foreign payments surpluses, and the Lebanese pound has remained very stable dla the past two years. Liban has rebuilt much of its war-torn physical and financial infrastructure. Solidere, a $2-billion firm, has managed the reconstruction of Beirut's central business district; the stock market reopened w styczen 1996; and international banks and insurance companies are returning. The government nonetheless faces serious challenges w the economic arena. It has funded reconstruction by tapping foreign exchange reserves and by borrowing heavily - mostly from domestic banks. The newly re-installed HARIRI government's announced policies fail to address the ever-increasing budgetary deficits and national debt burden. The gap between rich and poor has widened w the 1990s, resulting w grassroots dissatisfaction over the skewed distribution of the reconstruction's benefits.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 10.58 billion kWh (2005) 7.86 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005) 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 455 million kWh (2005) 654 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 9.183 billion kWh (2005) 7.748 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii - fossil fuel:
91.29%

hydro:
8.71%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m


highest point: Qurnat as Sawda' 3,088 m
lowest point:
Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point:
Qurnat as Sawda' 3,088 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution w Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution w Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%


note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendents of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
Kurs waluty Lebanese pounds per US dollar - 1,507.5 (2007), 1,507.5 (2006), 1,507.5 (2005), 1,507.5 (2004), 1,507.5 (2003) Lebanese pounds per US dollar - 1,507.5 (styczen 2001), 1,507.5 (2000), 1,507.8 (1999), 1,516.1 (1998), 1,539.5 (1997), 1,571.4 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: vacant (as of 24 listopad 2007); note - former President Emile LAHUD's term expired on 23 listopad 2007, and the Cabinet temporarily assumed presidential powers


head of government: Prime Minister Fuad SINIORA (since 30 czerwiec 2005); Deputy Prime Minister Elias MURR (since kwiecien 2005)


cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister w consultation z the president and members of the National Assembly


elections: president elected by the National Assembly dla a six-year term (may not serve consecutive terms); election last held 15 pazdziernik 1998 (next election orginally scheduled dla fall 2004 but was postponed beyond the constitutionally mandated 23 listopad deadline; under Syrian pressure, Parliament extended Lahoud's term dla three years); the prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president w consultation z the National Assembly; by agreement, the president is a Maronite Christian, the prime minister is a Sunni Muslim, and the speaker of the National Assembly is a Shi'a Muslim


election results: dla 15 pazdziernik 1998 election: Emile LAHUD elected president; National Assembly vote - 118 votes w favor, 0 against, 10 abstentions
chief of state:
President Emile LAHUD (since 24 listopad 1998)

head of government:
Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI (since 23 pazdziernik 2000); Deputy Prime Minister Issam FARES (since 23 pazdziernik 2000)

cabinet:
Cabinet chosen by the prime minister w consultation z the president and members of the National Assembly; the current Cabinet was formed w 1998

elections:
president elected by the National Assembly dla a six-year term; election last held 15 pazdziernik 1998 (next to be held NA 2004); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president w consultation z the National Assembly; by custom, the president is a Maronite Christian, the prime minister is a Sunni Muslim, and the speaker of the legislature is a Shi'a Muslim

election results:
Emile LAHUD elected president; National Assembly vote - 118 votes w favor, 0 against, 10 abstentions
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004) $700 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary authentic jewelry, inorganic chemicals, miscellaneous consumer goods, fruit and vegetables, tobacco, construction minerals, electric power machinery and switchgear, textile fibers, paper foodstuffs and tobacco, textiles, chemicals, precious stones, metal and metal products, electrical equipment and products, jewelry, paper and paper products
Eksport - partnerzy Syria 26.8%, UAE 12%, Szwajcaria 6%, Arabia Saudyjska 5.7%, Turcja 4.5% (2006) UAE 9%, Arabia Saudyjska 8%, Syria 6%, US 6%, Kuwejt 6%, Francja 5%, Belgia 5%, Jordania 4% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal bands consisting of red (top), white (middle, double width), and red (bottom) z a green cedar tree centered w the white band three horizontal bands of red (top), white (double width), and red z a green and brown cedar tree centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto - purchasing power parity - $18.2 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 5.2%


industry: 18.4%


services: 76.4% (2007 est.)
agriculture:
12%

industry:
27%

services:
61% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita - purchasing power parity - $5,000 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0.3% (2007 est.) 1% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 33 50 N, 35 50 E 33 50 N, 35 50 E
Polozenie geograficzne Nahr el Litani is the only major river w Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity Nahr al Litani only major river w Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity
Autostrady - total:
7,300 km

paved:
6,350 km

unpaved:
950 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Narkotyki cannabis cultivation dramatically reduced to 2,500 hectares w 2002 despite continued significant cannabis consumption; opium poppy cultivation minimal; small amounts of Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin transit country on way to European markets and dla Middle Eastern consumption; money laundering of drug proceeds fuels concern that extremists are benefiting from drug trafficking inconsequential producer of hashish; a Lebanese/Syrian eradication campaign started w the early 1990s has practically eliminated the opium and cannabis crops
Import 102,300 bbl/day (2004) $6.2 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary petroleum products, cars, medicinal products, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics, tobacco, electrical machinery foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, textiles, metals, fuels, agricultural foods
Import - partnerzy Syria 11.6%, Wlochy 9.8%, US 9.3%, Francja 7.7%, Niemcy 6.1%, Chiny 5%, Arabia Saudyjska 4.7% (2006) Wlochy 13%, Francja 11%, Niemcy 8%, US 7%, Szwajcaria 6%, Japonia, UK, Syria (1999)
Niepodleglosc 22 listopad 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration) 22 listopad 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA% NA%
Przemysl banking, tourism, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating banking; food processing; jewelry; cement; textiles; mineral and chemical products; wood and furniture products; oil refining; metal fabricating
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 23.39 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 25.94 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 20.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
28.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 5.6% (2007 est.) 0% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, ACCT, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer) ABEDA, ACCT, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)
Dostawcy internetu - 22 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 1,040 sq km (2003) 860 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo four Courts of Cassation (three courts dla civil and commercial cases and one court dla criminal cases); Konstytucjaal Council (called dla w Ta'if Accord - rules on constitutionality of laws); Supreme Council (hears charges against the president and prime minister as needed) four Courts of Cassation (three courts dla civil and commercial cases and one court dla criminal cases); Konstytucjaal Council (called dla w Ta'if Accord - rules on constitutionality of laws); Supreme Council (hears charges against the president and prime minister as needed)
Sila robocza 1.5 million


note: w addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2005 est.)
1.3 million (1999 est.)

note:
in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (1997 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
services NA%, industry NA%, agriculture NA%
Granica total: 454 km


border countries: Izrael 79 km, Syria 375 km
total:
454 km

border countries:
Izrael 79 km, Syria 375 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.35%


permanent crops: 13.75%


other: 69.9% (2005)
arable land:
18%

permanent crops:
9%

permanent pastures:
1%

forests and woodland:
8%

other:
64% (1996 est.)
Jezyki Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
System prawny mixture of Ottoman law, canon law, Napoleonic code, and civil law; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction mixture of Ottoman law, canon law, Napoleonic code, and civil law; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Majlis Alnuwab (Arabic) or Assemblee Nationale (French) (128 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of sectarian proportional representation to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held w four rounds on 29 maj, 5, 12, 19 czerwiec 2005 (next to be held 2009)


election results: percent of vote by group - NA; seats by group - Future Movement Bloc 36; Democratic Gathering 15; Development and Resistance Bloc 15; Free Patriotic Movement 15; Loyalty to the Resistance 14; Qornet Shewan 6; Lebanese Forces 5; Popular Bloc 4; Tripoli Independent Bloc 3; Kataeb Reform Movement 2; Syrian National Socialist Party 2; Tashnaq 2; Syrian Ba'th Party 1; Democratic Left 1; Democratic Renewal Movement 1; Kataeb Party 1; Nasserite Popular Movement 1; independent 4
unicameral National Assembly or Majlis Alnuwab (Arabic) or Assemblee Nationale (French) (128 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of sectarian proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

elections:
last held 27 sierpien and 3 wrzesien 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results:
percent of vote by party - Muslim 57% (of which Sunni 25%, Sh'ite 25%, Druze 6%, Alawite less than 1%), Christian 43% (of which Maronite 23%); seats by party - Muslim 64 (of which Sunni 27, Sh'ite 27, Druze 8, Alawite 2), Christian 64 (of which Maronite 34)
Zywotnosc total population: 73.15 years


male: 70.67 years


female: 75.77 years (2007 est.)
total population:
71.52 years

male:
69.13 years

female:
74.03 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 87.4%


male: 93.1%


female: 82.2% (2003 est.)
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
86.4%

male:
90.8%

female:
82.2% (1997 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Izrael and Syria Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Izrael and Syria
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 35 ships (1000 GRT or over) 132,871 GRT/140,011 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 14, livestock carrier 12, passenger/cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 2, vehicle carrier 2


foreign-owned: 3 (Grecja 2, Syria 1)


registered w other countries: 55 (Antigua i Barbuda 1, Barbados 1, Kambodza 7, Komory 5, Cypr 1, Dominika 1, Egipt 1, Georgia 3, Honduras 2, Hong Kong 1, North Korea 3, Liberia 2, Malta 12, Mongolia 1, Panama 3, St Vincent and The Grenadines 7, Syria 4, unknown 2) (2007)
total:
71 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 379,705 GRT/592,672 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 10, cargo 42, chemical tanker 1, combination bulk 1, combination ore/oil 1, container 4, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 5, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 2, vehicle carrier 3

note:
includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Holandia 1, Syria 1 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): Army, Navy, and Air Force (2007) Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF; includes Army, Navy, and Air Force)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $343 million (FY99/00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.1% (2005 est.) 4.8% (FY99/00)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) - males age 15-49:
980,412 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) - males age 15-49:
605,332 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 22 listopad (1943) Niepodleglosc Day, 22 listopad (1943)
Narodowosc noun: Lebanese (singular and plural)


adjective: Lebanese
noun:
Lebanese (singular and plural)

adjective:
Lebanese
Naturalne zagrozenia dust storms, sandstorms dust storms, sandstorms
Surowce naturalne limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state w a water-deficit region, arable land limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state w a water-deficit region, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi gas 43 km (2007) crude oil 72 km (none w operation)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy 14 marzec Coalition: Democratic Gathering Bloc [Walid JUNBLATT, leader of Progressive Socialist Party]; Democratic Left [Ilyas ATALLAH]; Democratic Renewal Movement [Nassib LAHUD]; Future Movement Bloc [Sa'ad HARIRI]; Kataeb Party [Amine GEMAYEL]; Lebanese Forces [Samir JA'JA]; Tripoli Independent Bloc


Change and Reform Alliance Bloc: Free Patriotic Movement [Michel AWN]; Metn Bloc [Michel MURR]; Popular Bloc [Elias SKAFF]; Tashnaq


Hizballah and Amal Alliance: Development and Resistance Bloc [Nabih BERRI, leader of Amal Movement]; Hizballah Party [Hassan NASRALLAH]; Loyalty to the Resistance [Mohammad RA'AD]; Nasserite Popular Movement [Ussama SAAD]; Syrian Ba'th Party [Sayez SHUKR]; Syrian Social Nationalist Party [Ali QANSO]
political party activity is organized along largely sectarian lines; numerous political groupings exist, consisting of individual political figures and followers motivated by religious, clan, and economic considerations
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none NA
Ludnosc 3,925,502 (lipiec 2007 est.) 3,627,774 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 28% (1999 est.) 28% (1999 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.198% (2007 est.) 1.38% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie - Antilyas, Batroun, Beirut, Chekka, El Mina, Ez Zahrani, Jbail, Jounie, Naqoura, Sidon, Tripoli, Tyre
Stacje radiowe AM 20, FM 22, shortwave 4 (1998) AM 20, FM 22, shortwave 4 (1998)
Radia - 2.85 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 401 km


standard gauge: 319 km 1.435 m


narrow gauge: 82 km 1.050 m


note: rail system became unusable because of damage done during fighting w the 1980s and w 2006 (2006)
total:
399 km (mostly unusable because of damage w civil war)

standard gauge:
317 km 1.435-m

narrow gauge:
82 km (1999)
Religie Muslim 59.7% (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Copt, Protestant), other 1.3%


note: 17 religious sects recognized
Muslim 70% (including Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 30% (including Orthodox Christian, Catholic, Protestant), Jewish NEGL%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.042 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.922 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.821 male(s)/female


total population: 0.944 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.84 male(s)/female

total population:
0.94 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; compulsory dla all males; authorized dla women at age 21 z elementary education 21 years of age; compulsory dla all males; authorized dla women at age 21 z elementary education
System telefoniczny general assessment: repair of the telecommunications system, severely damaged during the civil war, now complete


domestic: two wireless networks provide good service; political instability hampers privatization and deployment of new technologies; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership approaching 50 per 100 persons


international: country code - 961; submarine cable link to Cypr; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 1 Ocean Atlantycki); coaxial cable to Syria
general assessment:
telecommunications system severely damaged by civil war; rebuilding well underway

domestic:
primarily microwave radio relay and cable

international:
satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 1 Ocean Atlantycki) (erratic operations); coaxial cable to Syria; microwave radio relay to Syria but inoperable beyond Syria to Jordania; 3 submarine coaxial cables
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 681,400 (2006) 700,000 (1999)
Telefony komorkowe 1.103 million (2006) 580,000 (1999)
Stacje telewizyjne 15 (plus 5 repeaters) (1995) 15 (plus 5 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Liban and Anti-Liban Mountains narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley) separates Liban and Anti-Liban Mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.88 children born/woman (2007 est.) 2.05 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 20% (2006 est.) 18% (1997 est.)
Drogi wodne - none
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