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 Kolumbia (2008)Kolumbia (2001)
 KolumbiaKolumbia
Podzial administracyjny 32 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital district* (distrito capital); Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico, Bogota*, Bolivar, Boyaca, Caldas, Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choco, Cordoba, Cundinamarca, Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Narino, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindio, Risaralda, San Andres y Providencia, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupes, Vichada 32 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital district* (distrito capital); Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico, Bolivar, Boyaca, Caldas, Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choco, Cordoba, Cundinamarca, Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Narino, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindio, Risaralda, San Andres y Providencia, Distrito Stolica de Santa Fe de Bogota*, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupes, Vichada
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 29.8% (male 6,696,471/female 6,539,612)


15-64 years: 64.8% (male 14,012,140/female 14,732,874)


65 years and over: 5.4% (male 1,042,645/female 1,355,856) (2007 est.)
0-14 years:
31.88% (male 6,507,282; female 6,354,454)

15-64 years:
63.37% (male 12,452,182; female 13,117,707)

65 years and over:
4.75% (male 859,967; female 1,057,796) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp
Lotniska 934 (2007) 1,091 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 103


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 39


914 to 1,523 m: 42


under 914 m: 12 (2007)
total:
92

over 3,047 m:
2

2,438 to 3,047 m:
8

1,524 to 2,437 m:
38

914 to 1,523 m:
36

under 914 m:
8 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 831


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 34


914 to 1,523 m: 216


under 914 m: 580 (2007)
total:
999

2,438 to 3,047 m:
1

1,524 to 2,437 m:
64

914 to 1,523 m:
321

under 914 m:
613 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total: 1,138,910 sq km


land: 1,038,700 sq km


water: 100,210 sq km


note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank
total:
1,138,910 sq km

land:
1,038,700 sq km

water:
100,210 sq km

note:
includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and Serranilla Bank
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas slightly less than three times the size of Montana
Tlo historyczne Kolumbia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Kolumbia w 1830 (the others are Ekwador and Wenezuela). A 40-year conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups and illegal paramilitary groups - both heavily funded by the drug trade - escalated during the 1990s. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, and violence has been decreasing since about 2002, but insurgents continue attacks against civilians and large swaths of the countryside are under guerrilla influence. More than 32,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Kolumbia (AUC) as a formal organization had ceased to function. Still, some renegades continued to engage w criminal activities. The Kolumbian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence w every one of its municipalities. However, neighboring countries worry about the violence spilling over their borders. Kolumbia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Kolumbia w 1830 (the others being Ekwador and Wenezuela). A 40-year insurgent campaign to overthrow the Kolumbian Government escalated during the 1990s, undergirded w part by funds from the drug trade. Although the violence is deadly and large swaths of the countryside are under guerrilla influence, the movement lacks the military strength or popular support necessary to overthrow the government. While Bogota continues to try to negotiate a settlement, neighboring countries worry about the violence spilling over their borders.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 20.16 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 22.41 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues: $64.02 billion


expenditures: $64.35 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2007 est.)
revenues:
$22 billion

expenditures:
$24 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica name: Bogota


geographic coordinates: 4 36 N, 74 05 W


time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Bogota
Klimat tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler w highlands tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler w highlands
Linia brzegowa 3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km, North Ocean Spokojny 1,448 km) 3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km, North Ocean Spokojny 1,448 km)
Konstytucja 5 lipiec 1991; amended many times 5 lipiec 1991
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Kolumbia


conventional short form: Kolumbia


local long form: Republica de Kolumbia


local short form: Kolumbia
conventional long form:
Republic of Kolumbia

conventional short form:
Kolumbia

local long form:
Republica de Kolumbia

local short form:
Kolumbia
Waluta - Kolumbian peso (COP)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.54 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 5.69 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $43.3 billion (30 czerwiec 2007) $34 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador William BROWNFIELD


embassy: Calle 22D-BIS, numbers 47-51, Apartado Aereo 3831


mailing address: Carrera 45 #22D-45, Bogota, D.C., APO AA 34038


telephone: [57] (1) 315-0811


FAX: [57] (1) 315-2197
chief of mission:
Ambassador Anne W. PATTERSON

embassy:
Calle 22D-BIS, numbers 47-51, Apartado Aereo 3831

mailing address:
Carrera 45 #22D-45, Bogota, D.C., APO AA 34038

telephone:
[57] (1) 315-0811

FAX:
[57] (1) 315-2197
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Carolina BARCO Isakson


chancery: 2118 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 387-8338


FAX: [1] (202) 232-8643


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, San Francisco, San Juan (Portoryko), Washington, DC
chief of mission:
Ambassador Luis Alberto MORENO Mejia

chancery:
2118 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone:
[1] (202) 387-8338

FAX:
[1] (202) 232-8643

consulate(s) general:
Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, San Juan (Portoryko), and Washington, DC

consulate(s):
Atlanta
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje memorials and countermemorials were filed by the parties w Nikaragua's 1999 and 2001 proceedings against Honduras and Kolumbia at the ICJ over the maritime boundary and territorial claims w the western Caribbean Sea - final public hearings are scheduled dla 2007; dispute z Wenezuela over maritime boundary and Wenezuelan-administered Los Monjes Islands near the Gulf of Wenezuela; Kolumbian-organized illegal narcotics, guerrilla, and paramilitary activities penetrate all of its neighbors' borders and have caused over 300,000 persons to flee the country, mostly into neighboring states maritime boundary dispute z Wenezuela w the Gulf of Wenezuela; territorial disputes z Nikaragua over Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $511.1 million (2005) $40.7 million (1995)
Ekonomia Kolumbia's economy has experienced positive growth over the past five years despite a serious armed conflict. In fact, 2007 is regarded by policy makers and the private sector as one of the best economic years w recent history, after 2005. The economy continues to improve w part because of austere government budgets, focused efforts to reduce public debt levels, an export-oriented growth strategy, improved domestic security, and high commodity prices. Ongoing economic problems facing President URIBE include reforming the pension system, reducing high unemployment, and funding new exploration to offset declining oil production. The government's economic reforms and democratic security strategy, coupled z increased investment, have engendered a growing sense of confidence w the economy. However, the business sector continues to be concerned about failure of the US Congress to approve the signed FTA. Kolumbia is poised dla muted growth w the next several years, marking continued recovery from the severe 1999 recession when Produkt krajowy brutto fell by about 4%. President PASTRANA's well-respected economic team is working to keep the economy on track, maintaining low interest rates, dla example. In accordance z its IMF loan agreement, the administration also is taking steps to improve the public sector's fiscal health. However, many challenges to improved prosperity remain. Unemployment was stuck at a record 20% w 2000, contributing to the extreme inequality w income distribution. Two of Kolumbia's leading exports, oil and coffee, face an uncertain future; new exploration is needed to offset declining oil production, while coffee harvests and prices are depressed. The lack of public security is a key concern dla investors, making progress w the government's peace negotiations z insurgent groups an important driver of economic performance. Kolumbia is looking dla continued support from the international community to boost economic and peace prospects.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 38.91 billion kWh (2005) 40.532 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1.758 billion kWh (2005) 27 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 16 million kWh (2005) 35 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 50.47 billion kWh (2005) 43.574 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii - fossil fuel:
22.27%

hydro:
76.19%

nuclear:
0%

other:
1.54% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon 5,775 m


note: nearby Pico Simon Bolivar also has the same elevation
lowest point:
Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point:
Pico Cristobal Colon 5,775 m

note:
nearby Pico Simon Bolivar also has the same elevation
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil and water quality damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially w Bogota, from vehicle emissions deforestation; soil damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially w Bogota, from vehicle emissions
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
party to:
Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
Grupy etniczne mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1% mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Kurs waluty Kolumbian pesos per US dollar - 2,013.8 (2007), 2,358.6 (2006), 2,320.75 (2005), 2,628.61 (2004), 2,877.65 (2003) Kolumbian pesos per US dollar - 2,241.43 (styczen 2001), 2087.90 (2000), 1,756.23 (1999), 1,426.04 (1998), 1,140.96 (1997), 1,036.69 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Alvaro URIBE Velez (since 7 sierpien 2002); Vice President Francisco SANTOS (since 7 sierpien 2002); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Alvaro URIBE Velez (since 7 sierpien 2002); Vice President Francisco SANTOS (since 7 sierpien 2002)


cabinet: Cabinet consists of a coalition of the three largest parties that supported President URIBE's reelection - the PSUN, PC, and CR - and independents


elections: president and vice president elected by popular vote dla a four-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 28 maj 2006 (next to be held w maj 2010)


election results: President Alvaro URIBE Velez reelected president; percent of vote - Alvaro URIBE Velez 62%, Carlos GAVIRIA Diaz 22%, Horacio SERPA Uribe 12%, other 4%
chief of state:
President Andres PASTRANA (since 7 sierpien 1998); Vice President Gustavo BELL Lemus (since 7 sierpien 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Andres PASTRANA (since 7 sierpien 1998); Vice President Gustavo BELL Lemus (since 7 sierpien 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet:
Cabinet Cabinet consists of a coalition of the two dominant parties - the PL and PSC - and independents

elections:
president elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 31 maj 1998 (next to be held NA maj 2002); vice president elected by popular vote dla a four-year term w a new procedure that replaces the traditional designation of vice presidents by newly elected presidents; election last held 31 maj 1998 (next to be held NA maj 2002)

election results:
no candidate received more than 50% of the total vote, therefore, a run-off election to select a president from the two leading candidates was held 21 czerwiec 1998; Andres PASTRANA elected president; percent of vote - 50.3%; Gustavo BELL elected vice president; percent of vote - 50.3%
Eksport 289,700 bbl/day (2004) $14.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary petroleum, coffee, coal, nickel, emeralds, apparel, bananas, cut flowers petroleum, coffee, coal, apparel, bananas, cut flowers
Eksport - partnerzy US 35.8%, Wenezuela 11.4%, Ekwador 5.4% (2006) US 50%, EU 14%, Andean Community of Nations 16%, Japonia 2% (2000 est.)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double-width), blue, and red


note: similar to the flag of Ekwador, which is longer and bears the Ekwadorian coat of arms superimposed w the center
three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double-width), blue, and red; similar to the flag of Ekwador, which is longer and bears the Ekwadorian coat of arms superimposed w the center
Produkt krajowy brutto - purchasing power parity - $250 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 11.5%


industry: 36%


services: 52.4% (2007 est.)
agriculture:
19%

industry:
26%

services:
55% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita - purchasing power parity - $6,200 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.5% (2007 est.) 3% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 4 00 N, 72 00 W 4 00 N, 72 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne only South American country z coastlines on both the North Ocean Spokojny and Caribbean Sea only South American country z coastlines on both North Ocean Spokojny and Caribbean Sea
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007) -
Autostrady - total:
110,000 km

paved:
26,000 km

unpaved:
84,000 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 7.9%


highest 10%: 34.3% (2004)
lowest 10%:
1%

highest 10%:
44% (1999)
Narkotyki illicit producer of coca, opium poppy, and cannabis; world's leading coca cultivator z 144,000 hectares w coca cultivation w 2005, a 26% increase over 2004, producing a potential of 545 mt of pure cocaine; the world's largest producer of coca derivatives; supplies cocaine to most of the US market and the great majority of other international drug markets; w 2005, aerial eradication dispensed herbicide to treat over 130,000 hectares but aggressive replanting on the part of coca growers means Kolumbia remains a key producer; a significant portion of non-US narcotics proceeds are either laundered or invested w Kolumbia through the black market peso exchange; important supplier of heroin to the US market; opium poppy cultivation fell 50% between 2003 and 2004 to 2,100 hectares yielding a potential 3.8 metric tons of pure heroin, mostly dla the US market; no poppy estimate was conducted w 2005 illicit producer of coca, opium poppies, and cannabis; world's leading coca cultivator (cultivation of coca w 1999 - 122,500 hectares, a 20.3% increase over 1998); cultivation of opium w 1999 increased to 7,500 hectares from 6,100 hectares w 1998; potential production of opium w 1999 - 75 metric tons, a 25% increase over 1998; potential production of heroin w 1999 - nearly 8 metric tons, as compared z 6 tons w 1998; the world's largest processor of coca derivatives into cocaine; supplier of about 90% of the cocaine to the US and the great majority of cocaine to other international drug markets, and an important supplier of heroin to the US market; active aerial eradication program
Import 6,453 bbl/day (2004) $12.4 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, electricity industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, electricity
Import - partnerzy US 26.8%, Brazylia 8.6%, Meksyk 8.5%, Chiny 6%, Wenezuela 5.6%, Japonia 4.1% (2006) US 35%, EU 16%, Andean Community of Nations 15%, Japonia 5% (2000 est.)
Niepodleglosc 20 lipiec 1810 (from Hiszpania) 20 lipiec 1810 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6% (2007 est.) 11% (2000 est.)
Przemysl textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 20.13 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 23.86 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 16.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
23.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 5.5% (2007 est.) 9% (2000)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BCIE, CAN, Caricom (observer), CDB, CSN, FAO, G-3, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO BCIE, CAN, Caricom (observer), CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G- 3, G-11, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu - 18 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 9,000 sq km (2003) 5,300 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo four roughly coequal, supreme judicial organs; Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (highest court of criminal law; judges are selected by their peers from the nominees of the Superior Judicial Council dla eight-year terms); Council of State (highest court of administrative law; judges are selected from the nominees of the Superior Judicial Council dla eight-year terms); Konstytucjaal Court (guards integrity and supremacy of the constitution; rules on constitutionality of laws, amendments to the constitution, and international treaties); Superior Judicial Council (administers and disciplines the civilian judiciary; resolves jurisdictional conflicts arising between other courts; members are elected by three sister courts and Congress dla eight-year terms) four, coequal, supreme judicial organs; Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justical (highest court of criminal law; judges are selected from the nominees of the Higher Council of Justice dla eight-year terms); Council of State (highest court of administrative law, judges are selected from the nominees of the Higher Council of Justice dla eight-year terms); Konstytucjaal Court (guards integrity and supremacy of the constitution, rules on constitutionality of laws, amendments to the constitution, and international treaties); Higher Council of Justice (administers and disciplines the civilian judiciary; members of the disciplinary chamber resolve jurisdictional conflicts arising between other courts; members are elected by three sister courts and Congress dla eight-year terms)
Sila robocza 20.65 million (2007 est.) 18.3 million (1999 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 22.7%


industry: 18.7%


services: 58.5% (2000 est.)
services 46%, agriculture 30%, industry 24% (1990)
Granica total: 6,309 km


border countries: Brazylia 1,644 km, Ekwador 590 km, Panama 225 km, Peru 1,800 km, Wenezuela 2,050 km
total:
6,004 km

border countries:
Brazylia 1,643 km, Ekwador 590 km, Panama 225 km, Peru 1,496 km (est.), Wenezuela 2,050 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.01%


permanent crops: 1.37%


other: 96.62% (2005)
arable land:
4%

permanent crops:
1%

permanent pastures:
39%

forests and woodland:
48%

other:
8% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Spanish Spanish
System prawny based on Spanish law; a new criminal code modeled after US procedures was enacted into law w 2004 and is gradually being implemented; judicial review of executive and legislative acts based on Spanish law; a new criminal code modeled after US procedures was enacted w 1992-93; judicial review of executive and legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Senate or Senado (102 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (166 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held 12 marzec 2006 (next to be held w marzec 2010); House of Representatives - last held 12 marzec 2006 (next to be held w marzec 2010)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PSUN 20, PC 18, PL 18, CR 15, PDI 10, other parties 21; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PL 35, PSUN 33, PC 29, CR 20, PDA 8, other parties 41
bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Senate or Senado (102 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (163 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections:
Senate - last held 8 marzec 1998 (next to be held NA marzec 2002); House of Representatives - last held 8 marzec 1998 (next to be held NA marzec 2002)

election results:
Senate - percent of vote by party - PL 50%, PSC 24%, smaller parties (many aligned z conservatives) 26%; seats by party - PL 58, PSC 28, smaller parties 16; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PL 52%, PSC 17%, other 31%; seats by party - PL 98, PSC 52, indigenous parties 2, others 11
Zywotnosc total population: 72.27 years


male: 68.44 years


female: 76.24 years (2007 est.)
total population:
70.57 years

male:
66.71 years

female:
74.55 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.8%


male: 92.9%


female: 92.7% (2004 est.)
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
91.3%

male:
91.2%

female:
91.4% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Wenezuela, and bordering the North Ocean Spokojny, between Ekwador and Panama Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Wenezuela, and bordering the North Ocean Spokojny, between Ekwador and Panama
Lokalizacja na mapie South America South America, Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 15 ships (1000 GRT or over) 35,949 GRT/49,161 DWT


by type: cargo 11, liquefied gas 1, petroleum tanker 3


registered w other countries: 5 (Antigua i Barbuda 1, Panama 4) (2007)
total:
13 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 53,322 GRT/69,444 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 5, cargo 4, container 1, multi-functional large-load carrier 1, petroleum tanker 2 (2000 est.)
Wojsko National Army (Ejercito Nacional), National Navy (Armada Nacional, includes Naval Aviation, Naval Infantry (Infanteria de Marina, Colmar), and Coast Guard), Kolumbian Air Force (Fuerza Aerea de Kolumbia, FAC) (2008) Army (Ejercito Nacional), Navy (Armada Nacional, includes Marines and Coast Guard), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Kolumbiana), National Police (Policia Nacional)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $3 billion (FY00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.4% (2005 est.) 3.4% (FY00)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) - males age 15-49:
10,779,148 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) - males age 15-49:
7,205,211 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) - 18 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) - males:
379,295 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 20 lipiec (1810) Niepodleglosc Day, 20 lipiec (1810)
Narodowosc noun: Kolumbian(s)


adjective: Kolumbian
noun:
Kolumbian(s)

adjective:
Kolumbian
Naturalne zagrozenia highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) -0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi gas 4,329 km; oil 6,140 km; refined products 3,145 km (2007) crude oil 3,585 km; petroleum products 1,350 km; natural gas 830 km; natural gas liquids 125 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Kolumbian Conservative Party or PC [Julio MANZUR Abdala]; Alternative Democratic Pole or PDA [Carlos GAVIRIA Diaz]; Liberal Party or PL [Cesar GAVIRIA Trujillo]; Radical Change or CR [German VARGAS Lleras]; Social National Unity Party or U Party [Carlos GARCIA Orjuela]


note: Kolumbia has 15 formally recognized political parties, and numerous unofficial parties that did not meet the vote threshold w the marzec 2006 legislative elections required dla recognition
Conservative Party or PSC [Ciro RAMIREZ Anzon]; Liberal Party or PL [Luis Guillermo VELEZ]; Patriotic Union or UP is a legal political party formed by Revolutionary Armed Forces of Kolumbia or FARC and Kolumbian Communist Party or PCC [Jaime CAICEDO]; 19 of kwiecien Movement or M-19 [Antonio NAVARRO Wolff]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow two largest insurgent groups active w Kolumbia - Revolutionary Armed Forces of Kolumbia or FARC and National Liberation Army or ELN two largest insurgent groups active w Kolumbia - National Liberation Army or ELN and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Kolumbia or FARC; largest paramilitary group is United Self-Defense Groups of Kolumbia or AUC
Ludnosc 44,379,598 (lipiec 2007 est.) 40,349,388 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 49.2% (2005) 55% (1999)
Przyrost naturalny 1.433% (2007 est.) 1.64% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie - Bahia de Portete, Barranquilla, Buenaventura, Cartagena, Leticia, Puerto Bolivar, San Andres, Santa Marta, Tumaco, Turbo
Stacje radiowe AM 454, FM 34, shortwave 27 (1999) AM 454, FM 34, shortwave 27 (1999)
Radia - 21 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 3,304 km


standard gauge: 150 km 1.435-m gauge


narrow gauge: 3,154 km 0.914-m gauge (2006)
total:
3,304 km

standard gauge:
150 km 1.435-m gauge (connects Cerrejon coal mines to maritime port at Bahia de Portete)

narrow gauge:
3,154 km 0.914-m gauge (major sections not w use) (2000)
Religie Roman Catholic 90%, other 10% Roman Catholic 90%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.024 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.951 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.769 male(s)/female


total population: 0.961 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.81 male(s)/female

total population:
0.97 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system w many respects; telecommunications sector liberalized during the 1990s; multiple providers of both fixed-line and mobile-cellular services; fixed-line connections stand at about 18 per 100 persons; mobile cellular usage is about 70 per 100 persons


domestic: nationwide microwave radio relay system; domestic satellite system z 41 earth stations; fiber-optic network linking 50 cities


international: country code - 57; submarine cables provide links to the US, parts of the Caribbean, and Central and South America; satellite earth stations - 6 Intelsat, 1 Inmarsat; 3 fully digitalized international switching centers (2007)
general assessment:
modern system w many respects

domestic:
nationwide microwave radio relay system; domestic satellite system z 41 earth stations; fiber-optic network linking 50 cities

international:
satellite earth stations - 6 Intelsat, 1 Inmarsat; 3 fully digitalized international switching centers; 8 submarine cables
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7.865 million (2006) 5,433,565 (grudzien 1997)
Telefony komorkowe 29.763 million (2006) 1,800,229 (grudzien 1998)
Stacje telewizyjne 60 (1997) 60 (includes seven low-power stations) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.51 children born/woman (2007 est.) 2.66 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 10.6% (2007 est.) 20% (2000 est.)
Drogi wodne 18,000 km (2006) 18,140 km (navigable by river boats) (kwiecien 1996)
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