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 Islandia (2008)Islandia (2001)
 IslandiaIslandia
Podzial administracyjny 8 regions; Austurland, Hofudhborgarsvaedhi, Nordhurland Eystra, Nordhurland Vestra, Sudhurland, Sudhurnes, Vestfirdhir, Vesturland 23 counties (syslar, singular - sysla) and 14 independent towns* (kaupstadhir, singular - kaupstadhur); Akranes*, Akureyri*, Arnessysla, Austur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Austur-Hunavatnssysla, Austur-Skaftafellssysla, Borgarfjardharsysla, Dalasysla, Eyjafjardharsysla, Gullbringusysla, Hafnarfjordhur*, Husavik*, Isafjordhur*, Keflavik*, Kjosarsysla, Kopavogur*, Myrasysla, Neskaupstadhur*, Nordhur-Isafjardharsysla, Nordhur-Mulasys-la, Nordhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Olafsfjordhur*, Rangarvallasysla, Reykjavik*, Saudharkrokur*, Seydhisfjordhur*, Siglufjordhur*, Skagafjardharsysla, Snaefellsnes-og Hnappadalssysla, Strandasysla, Sudhur-Mulasysla, Sudhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Vesttmannaeyjar*, Vestur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Vestur-Hunavatnssysla, Vestur-Isafjardharsysla, Vestur-Skaftafellssysla

note:
there may be four other counties
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 21.4% (male 32,759/female 31,845)


15-64 years: 66.8% (male 102,161/female 99,411)


65 years and over: 11.8% (male 16,162/female 19,593) (2007 est.)
0-14 years:
23.18% (male 33,238; female 31,191)

15-64 years:
65.01% (male 91,095; female 89,583)

65 years and over:
11.81% (male 14,681; female 18,118) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, dairy products; fish potatoes, turnips; cattle, sheep; fish
Lotniska 99 (2007) 87 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
total:
12

over 3,047 m:
1

1,524 to 2,437 m:
4

914 to 1,523 m:
7 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 94


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 28


under 914 m: 63 (2007)
total:
75

1,524 to 2,437 m:
3

914 to 1,523 m:
20

under 914 m:
52 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total: 103,000 sq km


land: 100,250 sq km


water: 2,750 sq km
total:
103,000 sq km

land:
100,250 sq km

water:
2,750 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Kentucky slightly smaller than Kentucky
Tlo historyczne Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Islandia boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established w 930. Independent dla over 300 years, Islandia was subsequently ruled by Norwegia and Dania. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Islandiaic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Kanada and the US. Limited home rule from Dania was granted w 1874 and complete independence attained w 1944. Pismienni, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards. Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Islandia boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established w 930. Independent dla over 300 years, Islandia was subsequently ruled by Norwegia and Dania. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Islandiaic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Kanada and the US. Limited home rule from Dania was granted w 1874 and complete independence attained w 1944. Pismienni, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.57 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 14.62 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues: $9.495 billion


expenditures: $8.432 billion (2007 est.)
revenues:
$3.5 billion

expenditures:
$3.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $467 million (1999)
Stolica name: Reykjavik


geographic coordinates: 64 09 N, 21 57 W


time difference: UTC (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Reykjavik
Klimat temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
Linia brzegowa 4,970 km 4,988 km
Konstytucja 16 czerwiec 1944, effective 17 czerwiec 1944; amended many times 16 czerwiec 1944, effective 17 czerwiec 1944
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Islandia


conventional short form: Islandia


local long form: Lydveldid Island


local short form: Island
conventional long form:
Republic of Islandia

conventional short form:
Islandia

local long form:
Lyoveldio Island

local short form:
Island
Waluta - Islandiaic krona (ISK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.77 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 6.89 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.073 billion (2002) $2.6 billion (1999)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Carol VAN VOORST


embassy: Laufasvegur 21, 101 Reykjavik


mailing address: US Department of State, 5640 Reykjavik Place, Washington, D.C. 20521-5640


telephone: [354] 562-9100


FAX: [354] 562-9118
chief of mission:
Ambassador Barbara J. GRIFFITHS

embassy:
Laufasvegur 21, Reykjavik

mailing address:
US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340

telephone:
[354] 5629100

FAX:
[354] 5629118
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Albert JONSSON


chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005-1704


telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653


FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656


consulate(s) general: New York
chief of mission:
Ambassador Jon-Baldvin HANNIBALSSON

chancery:
Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005

telephone:
[1] (202) 265-6653

FAX:
[1] (202) 265-6656

consulate(s) general:
New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Islandia, the UK, and Irlandia dispute Dania's claim that the Wyspy Owcze' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Dania and the UK (Irlandia and the UK have signed a boundary agreement w the Rockall area); dispute z Dania over the Wyspy Owcze fisheries median line boundary within 200 NM; disputes z Dania, the UK, and Irlandia over the Wyspy Owcze continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie $6.7 million (2004) $NA
Ekonomia Islandia's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet z an extensive welfare system (including generous housing subsidies), low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except dla abundant geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides nearly 70% of export earnings and employs 6% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations w world prices dla its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Substantial foreign investment w the aluminum and hydropower sectors has boosted economic growth which, nevertheless, has been volatile and characterized by recurrent imbalances. Government policies include reducing the current account deficit, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, and diversifying the economy. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Islandiaers' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Islandia's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries w the last decade, and new developments w software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, z the recent trends w ecotourism and whale watching. The 2006 closure of the US military base at Keflavik had very little impact on the national economy; Islandia's low unemployment rate aided former base employees w finding alternate employment. Islandia's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet z an extensive welfare system, low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except dla abundant hydrothermal and geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 70% of export earnings and employs 12% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to drops w world prices dla its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. The center-right government plans to continue its policies of reducing the budget and current account deficits, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, diversifying the economy, and privatizing state-owned industries. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Islandiaers' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Islandia's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries w the last decade, and new developments w software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, z the recent trends w ecotourism and whale watching. Growth has been remarkably steady over the past five years at 4%-5%.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.152 billion kWh (2005) 6.574 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005) 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005) 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 8.533 billion kWh (2005) 7.069 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii - fossil fuel:
0.07%

hydro:
84.64%

nuclear:
0%

other:
15.29% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,110 m (at Vatnajokull glacier)
lowest point:
Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point:
Hvannadalshnukur 2,119 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
party to:
Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6% homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts
Kurs waluty Islandiaic kronur per US dollar - 63.391 (2007), 70.195 (2006), 62.982 (2005), 70.192 (2004), 76.709 (2003) Islandiaic kronur per US dollar - 84.810 (styczen 2001), 78.676 (2000), 72.335 (1999), 70.958 (1998), 70.904 (1997), 66.500 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 sierpien 1996)


head of government: Prime Minister Geir H. HAARDE (since 7 czerwiec 2006)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister


elections: president, largely a ceremonial post, is elected by popular vote dla a four-year term (no term limits); election last held 26 czerwiec 2004 (next to be held w czerwiec 2008); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually the prime minister


election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON 85.6%, Baldur AGUSTSSON 12.5%, Astthor MAGNUSSON 1.9%
chief of state:
President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 sierpien 1996)

head of government:
Prime Minister David ODDSSON (since 30 kwiecien 1991)

cabinet:
Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by Parliament

elections:
president elected by popular vote dla a four-year term; election last held 29 czerwiec 1996 (next to be held NA czerwiec 2004); President GRIMSSON ran unopposed w czerwiec 2000 so there were no elections; prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON elected president; President GRIMSSON ran unopposed
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004) $2 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Eksport - towary fish and fish products 70%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite fish and fish products 70%, animal products, aluminum, diatomite, ferrosilicon
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 16.5%, UK 15.7%, Niemcy 15%, US 10.8%, Hiszpania 6.4% (2006) EU 64% (UK 20%, Niemcy 13%, Francja 5%, Dania 5%), US 15%, Japonia 5% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi blue z a red cross outlined w white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side w the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag) blue z a red cross outlined w white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side w the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
Produkt krajowy brutto - purchasing power parity - $6.85 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 5.3%


industry: 26.3%


services: 68.4% (2007 est.)
agriculture:
15% (includes fishing 13%)

industry:
21%

services:
64% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita - purchasing power parity - $24,800 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.8% (2007 est.) 4.3% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 65 00 N, 18 00 W 65 00 N, 18 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location between Grenlandia and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital w the world; more land covered by glaciers than w all of continental Europe strategic location between Grenlandia and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital w the world; more land covered by glaciers than w all of continental Europe
Autostrady - total:
12,691 km

paved:
3,262 km

unpaved:
9,429 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import 17,450 bbl/day (2004) $2.2 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles machinery and equipment, petroleum products; foodstuffs, textiles
Import - partnerzy US 12.8%, Niemcy 12.3%, Norwegia 7.1%, Szwecja 6.9%, Dania 6.1%, UK 5.3%, Chiny 5.3%, Holandia 4.8%, Japonia 4.1% (2006) EU 56% (Niemcy 12%, UK 9%, Dania 8%, Szwecja 6%), US 11%, Norwegia 10% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 1 grudzien 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 czerwiec 1944 (from Dania) 17 czerwiec 1944 (from Dania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 9% (2007 est.) 1.5% (2000 est.)
Przemysl fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, tourism fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 3.27 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 3.41 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 3.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
3.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 4.9% (2007 est.) 3.5% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNU, UPU, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu - 7 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny NA NA sq km
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed dla life by the Minister of Justice); eight district courts (justices are appointed dla life by the Minister of Justice) Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed dla life by the president)
Sila robocza 180,000 (2007 est.) 159,000 (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 5.1%


industry: 23%


services: 71.4% (2005)
agriculture 5.1%, fishing and fish processing 11.8%, manufacturing 12.9%, construction 10.7%, other services 59.5% (1999)
Granica 0 km 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.07%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 99.93% (2005)
arable land:
0%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
23%

forests and woodland:
1%

other:
76% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Islandiaic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken Islandiaic
System prawny civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 12 maj 2007 (next to be held by maj 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - Niepodleglosc Party 36.6%, Social Democratic Alliance 26.8%, Progressive Party 11.7%, Left-Green Movement 14.3%, Liberal Party 7.3%, other 3.3%; seats by party - Niepodleglosc Party 25, Social Democratic Alliance 18, Progressive Party 7, Left-Green Alliance 9, Liberal Party 4
unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections:
last held on 8 maj 1999 (next to be held by kwiecien 2003)

election results:
percent of vote by party - Niepodleglosc Party 40.7%, The Alliance (PA, People's Party, Women's List) 26.8%, Progressive Party 18.4%, Left-Green Alliance 9.1%, Liberal Party 4.2%; seats by party - Niepodleglosc Party 26, The Alliance 17, Progressive Party 12, Left-Green Alliance 6, Liberal Party 2
Zywotnosc total population: 80.43 years


male: 78.33 years


female: 82.62 years (2007 est.)
total population:
79.52 years

male:
77.31 years

female:
81.92 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99%


male: 99%


female: 99% (2003 est.)
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
99.9% (1997 est.)

male:
NA%

female:
NA%
Lokalizacja Northern Europe, island between the Grenlandia Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, northwest of the UK Northern Europe, island between the Grenlandia Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, northwest of the UK
Lokalizacja na mapie Arctic Region Arctic Region
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
continental shelf:
200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,704 GRT/729 DWT


by type: passenger/cargo 2


registered w other countries: 41 (Antigua i Barbuda 9, Bahamas 1, Belize 1, Wyspy Owcze 4, Gibraltar 1, Malta 7, Norwegia 3, St Vincent and The Grenadines 15) (2007)
total:
2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,435 GRT/4,538 DWT

ships by type:
chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 1 (2000 est.)
Wojsko - uwagi under a 1951 bilateral agreement, Islandia's defense was provided by a US-manned Islandiaic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered w Keflavik; w pazdziernik 2006, all US military forces w Islandia were withdrawn; nonetheless, the US and Islandia signed a Joint Understanding to strengthen their bilateral defense relationship, including regular security consultations, military communications w the event of national emergencies, annual bilateral exercises on Islandiaic territory, and future bilateral and NATO support to four Islandia Air Defense System (IADS) radar sites defense is provided by the US-manned Islandiaic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered at Keflavik
Wojsko no regular military forces; Islandiaic National Police (2006) no regular armed forces; Police, Coast Guard; note - Islandia's defense is provided by the US-manned Islandiaic Defense Force (IDF) headquartered at Keflavik
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $0
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0% (2005 est.) -
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) - males age 15-49:
71,241 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) - males age 15-49:
62,704 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 17 czerwiec (1944) Niepodleglosc Day, 17 czerwiec (1944)
Narodowosc noun: Islandiaer(s)


adjective: Islandiaic
noun:
Islandiaer(s)

adjective:
Islandiaic
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and volcanic activity earthquakes and volcanic activity
Surowce naturalne fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) -2.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Niepodleglosc Party or IP [Geir H. HAARDE]; Left-Green Movement or LGM [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party or LP [Gudjon KRISTJANSSON]; Progressive Party or PP [Gudni AGUSTSSON]; Social Democratic Alliance or SDA [Ingibjorg Solrun GISLADOTTIR] (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SDP, Women's List) Niepodleglosc Party (conservative) or IP [David ODDSSON]; Left-Green Alliance [Steinsvimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party [Sverrir HERMANNSSON]; People's Party (Social Democratic Party) or SDP [Sighvatyr BJORGIVINSSON]; Progressive Party (liberal) or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; The Alliance (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SVP, People's Movement, Women's List) [Ossur SKARPHEDINSSON]; Women's List or WL [Kristin ASTGEIRSDOTTIR]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA NA
Ludnosc 301,931 (lipiec 2007 est.) 277,906 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA% NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.824% (2007 est.) 0.54% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie - Akureyri, Hornafjordur, Isafjordhur, Keflavik, Raufarhofn, Reykjavik, Seydhisfjordhur, Straumsvik, Vestmannaeyjar
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM about 70 (including repeaters), shortwave 1 (1998) AM 3, FM about 70 (including repeaters), shortwave 1 (1998)
Radia - 260,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe - 0 km
Religie Lutheran Church of Islandia 85.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.1%, Roman Catholic Church 2%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.5%, other Christian 2.7%, other or unspecified 3.8%, unaffiliated 2.4% (2004) Evangelical Lutheran 93%, other Protestant and Roman Catholic, none (1997)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.029 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.028 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.825 male(s)/female


total population: 1.002 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth:
1.08 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.81 male(s)/female

total population:
1 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: telecommunications infrastructure is modern and fully digitized, z satellite-earth stations, fiber-optic cables, and an extensive broadband network


domestic: liberalization of the telecommunications sector beginning w the late 1990s has led to increased competition especially w the mobile services segment of the market


international: country code - 354; the CANTAT-3 and FARICE-1 submarine cable systems provide connectivity to Kanada, the Wyspy Owcze, UK, Dania, and Niemcy; a planned new section of the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable will provide additional connectivity to Kanada, US, and Irlandia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions); note - Islandia shares the Inmarsat earth station z the other Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Norwegia, and Szwecja)
general assessment:
adequate domestic service

domestic:
the trunk network consists of coaxial and fiber-optic cables and microwave radio relay links

international:
satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions); note - Islandia shares the Inmarsat earth station z the other Nordic countries (Dania, Finlandia, Norwegia, and Szwecja)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 193,700 (2006) 168,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 328,500 (2006) 65,746 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 14 (plus 156 repeaters) (1997) 14 (plus 156 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly plateau interspersed z mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords mostly plateau interspersed z mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.91 children born/woman (2007 est.) 2.01 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 1% (2007 est.) 2.7% (styczen 2001)
Drogi wodne - none
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