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 Holandia (2008)Holandia (2005)
 HolandiaHolandia
Podzial administracyjny 12 provinces (provincies, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland (Fryslan), Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant (North Brabant), Noord-Holland (North Holland), Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland (South Holland) 12 provinces (provincies, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland (Fryslan), Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 17.8% (male 1,505,931/female 1,436,532)


15-64 years: 67.8% (male 5,683,877/female 5,557,745)


65 years and over: 14.4% (male 1,015,731/female 1,370,797) (2007 est.)
0-14 years: 18.1% (male 1,523,316/female 1,453,232)


15-64 years: 67.8% (male 5,627,007/female 5,491,802)


65 years and over: 14.1% (male 974,037/female 1,338,097) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Lotniska 27 (2007) 27 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 20


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 9


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
total: 20


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 4 (2007)
total: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 5 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 41,526 sq km


land: 33,883 sq km


water: 7,643 sq km
total: 41,526 sq km


land: 33,883 sq km


water: 7,643 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Tlo historyczne The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Hiszpania w 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, z settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, a Kingdom of the Holandia was formed w 1815. In 1830 Belgia seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Holandia remained neutral w Swiat War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Niemcy w Swiat War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Holandia is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated w the introduction of the euro w 1999. The Kingdom of the Holandia was formed w 1815. In 1830 Belgia seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Holandia remained neutral w Swiat War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Niemcy w Swiat War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Holandia is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated w the introduction of the euro w 1999.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.7 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 11.14 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $302.8 billion


expenditures: $352.3 billion (2007 est.)
revenues: $256.9 billion


expenditures: $274.4 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)
Stolica name: Amsterdam


geographic coordinates: 52 23 N, 4 54 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik


note: The Hague (seat of government)
Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government
Klimat temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Linia brzegowa 451 km 451 km
Konstytucja adopted 1815; amended many times, most recently w 2002 adopted 1815; amended many times, last time 2002
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of the Holandia


conventional short form: Holandia


local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden


local short form: Nederland
conventional long form: Kingdom of the Holandia


conventional short form: Holandia


local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden


local short form: Nederland
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.69 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 8.68 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.277 trillion (30 czerwiec 2007) -
Zalezne tereny Aruba, Antyle Holenderskie Aruba, Antyle Holenderskie
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Michael GALLAGHER


embassy: Lange Voorhout 102, 2514 EJ, The Hague


mailing address: PSC 71, Box 1000, APO AE 09715


telephone: [31] (70) 310-2209


FAX: [31] (70) 361-4688


consulate(s) general: Amsterdam
chief of mission: Ambassador Clifford M. SOBEL


embassy: Lange Voorhout 102, 2514 EJ, The Hague


mailing address: PSC 71, Box 1000, APO AE 09715


telephone: [31] (70) 310-9209


FAX: [31] (70) 361-4688


consulate(s) general: Amsterdam
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Christiaan Mark Johan KROENER


chancery: 4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 244-5300, [1] 877-388-2443


FAX: [1] (202) 362-3430


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, New York
chief of mission: Ambassador Boudewijn J. VAN EENENNAAM


chancery: 4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 244-5300


FAX: [1] (202) 362-3430


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York


consulate(s): Boston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $4 billion (2003 est.) ODA, $4 billion (2003 est.)
Ekonomia The Holandia has a prosperous and open economy, which depends heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted dla stable industrial relations, moderate unemployment and inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub. Industrial activity is predominantly w food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs no more than 3% of the labor force but provides large surpluses dla the food-processing industry and dla exports. The Holandia, along z 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency on 1 styczen 2002. The country continues to be one of the leading European nations dla attracting foreign direct investment and is one of the five largest investors w the US. The economy experienced a slowdown w 2005 but w 2006 recovered to the fastest pace w six years on the back of increased exports and strong investment. The pace of job growth reached 10-year highs w 2007. The Holandia has a prosperous and open economy, which depends heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted dla stable industrial relations, moderate unemployment and inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub. Industrial activity is predominantly w food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs no more than 4% of the labor force but provides large surpluses dla the food-processing industry and dla exports. The Holandia, along z 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency on 1 styczen 2002. The country continues to be one of the leading European nations dla attracting foreign direct investment. Economic growth slowed considerably w 2001-04, as part of the global economic slowdown, but dla the four years before that, annual growth averaged nearly 4%, well above the EU average.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 108.2 billion kWh (2005) 100.7 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 5.398 billion kWh (2005) 4.5 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 23.69 billion kWh (2005) 20.9 billion kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 94.34 billion kWh (2005) 90.61 billion kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m


highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m
lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m


highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution w the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain water pollution w the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Grupy etniczne Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamse, and Indonezjans) (1999 est.) Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamse, and Indonezjans) (1999 est.)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003) euros per US dollar - 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen BEATRIX (since 30 kwiecien 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 kwiecien 1967), son of the monarch


head of government: Prime Minister Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since 22 lipiec 2002); Deputy Prime Ministers Wouter BOS (since 22 luty 2007) and Andre ROUVOET (since 22 luty 2007)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch


note: there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, and councilors that provides consultations to the cabinet on legislative and administrative policy
chief of state: Queen BEATRIX (since 30 kwiecien 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 kwiecien 1967), son of the monarch


head of government: Prime Minister Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since 22 lipiec 2002) and Deputy Prime Ministers Gerrit ZALM (since 27 maj 2003) and Laurens Jan BRINKHORST (since 31 marzec 2005)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; vice prime ministers appointed by the monarch


note: there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, and councilors that provides consultations to the cabinet on legislative and administrative policy
Eksport 1.546 million bbl/day (2004) 1.418 million bbl/day (2001)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 25.5%, Belgia 14%, UK 8.9%, Francja 8.6%, Wlochy 5.1%, US 4.5% (2006) Niemcy 25%, Belgia 12.4%, UK 10.1%, Francja 9.9%, Wlochy 6%, US 4.3% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luksemburg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; one of the oldest flags w constant use, originating z WILLIAM I, Prince of Orange, w the latter half of the 16th century three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luksemburg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; one of the oldest flags w constant use, originating z WILLIAM I, Prince of Orange, w the latter half of the 16th century
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.2%


industry: 24%


services: 73.8% (2007 est.)
agriculture: 2.4%


industry: 24.5%


services: 73.1% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita - purchasing power parity - $29,500 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.8% (2007 est.) 1.2% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 52 30 N, 5 45 E 52 30 N, 5 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde) located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007) 1 (2004 est.)
Autostrady - total: 116,500 km


paved: 104,850 km (including 2,235 km of expressways)


unpaved: 11,650 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.5%


highest 10%: 22.9% (1999)
lowest 10%: 2.8%


highest 10%: 25.1% (1994)
Narkotyki major European producer of synthetic drugs, including ecstasy, and cannabis cultivator; important gateway dla cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering; significant consumer of ecstasy major European producer of ecstasy, illicit amphetamines, and other synthetic drugs; important gateway dla cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering
Import 2.465 million bbl/day (2004) 2.284 million bbl/day (2001)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs, clothing
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 17.1%, Belgia 9.4%, Chiny 9.4%, US 7.8%, UK 5.9%, Rosja 5.1%, Francja 4.5% (2006) Niemcy 17.9%, Belgia 9.9%, US 7.9%, Chiny 7.4%, UK 6.4%, Francja 4.8% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 23 styczen 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking z Hiszpania; on 26 lipiec 1581 they formally declared their independence z an Act of Abjuration; however, it was not until 30 styczen 1648 and the Peace of Westphalia that Hiszpania recognized this independence) 23 styczen 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking z Hiszpania; it was not until 1648 that Hiszpania recognized their independence)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2007 est.) 0.8% (2004 est.)
Przemysl agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.88 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.43 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 4.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
total: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.62 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 4.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 1.8% (2007 est.) 1.4% (2004 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CBSS (observer), CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, ONUB, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 5,650 sq km (2003) 5,650 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (justices are nominated dla life by the monarch) Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (justices are nominated dla life by the monarch)
Sila robocza 7.5 million (2007 est.) 7.53 million (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 3%


industry: 21%


services: 76% (2005 est.)
agriculture 4%, industry 23%, services 73% (1998 est.)
Granica total: 1,027 km


border countries: Belgia 450 km, Niemcy 577 km
total: 1,027 km


border countries: Belgia 450 km, Niemcy 577 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 21.96%


permanent crops: 0.77%


other: 77.27% (2005)
arable land: 26.71%


permanent crops: 0.97%


other: 72.32% (2001)
Jezyki Dutch (official), Frisian (official) Dutch (official), Frisian (official)
System prawny based on civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils to serve four-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: First Chamber - last held 29 maj 2007 (next to be held w maj 2011); Second Chamber - last held 22 listopad 2006 (next to be held by early 2011)


election results: First Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDA 21, PvdA 14, VVD 14, Socialist Party 11, Christian Union 4, Green Left Party 4, D66 2, other 5; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - CDA 26.5%, PvdA 21.2%, Socialist Party 16.6%, VVD 14.6%, Party dla Freedom 5.9%, Green Party 4.6%, Christian Union 4.0%, other 6.6%; seats by party - CDA 41, PvdA 33, Socialist Party 25, VVD 22, Party dla Freedom 9, Green Party 7, Christian Union 6, other 7
bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils dla four-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: First Chamber - last held 25 maj 2003 (next to be held maj 2007); Second Chamber - last held 22 styczen 2003 (next to be held maj 2007)


election results: First Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDA 23, PvdA 19, VVD 15, Green Party 5, Socialist Party 4, D66 3, other 6; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - CDA 28.6%, PvdA 27.3%, VVD 12.9%, Socialist Party 6.3%, List Pim Fortuyn 5.7%, Green Party 5.1%, D66 4.1%; seats by party - CDA 44, PvdA 42, VVD 28, Socialist Party 9, List Pim Fortuyn 8, Green Party 8, D66 6, other 5
Zywotnosc total population: 79.11 years


male: 76.52 years


female: 81.82 years (2007 est.)
total population: 78.81 years


male: 76.25 years


female: 81.51 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99%


male: 99%


female: 99% (2003 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99% (2000 est.)


male: NA%


female: NA%
Lokalizacja Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgia and Niemcy Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgia and Niemcy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 566 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,210,664 GRT/5,217,874 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 9, cargo 346, carrier 19, chemical tanker 39, container 63, liquefied gas 13, passenger 14, passenger/cargo 16, petroleum tanker 12, refrigerated cargo 11, roll on/roll off 20, specialized tanker 4


foreign-owned: 172 (Belgia 2, Dania 19, Finlandia 14, Francja 1, Niemcy 70, Irlandia 9, South Korea 1, Norwegia 9, Szwecja 27, UK 7, US 13)


registered w other countries: 220 (Antigua i Barbuda 19, Australia 2, Austria 2, Bahamas 24, Kanada 1, Cypr 23, Gibraltar 11, Wyspa Man 1, Liberia 28, Luksemburg 1, Malta 3, Wyspy Marshalla 5, Antyle Holenderskie 53, Norwegia 1, Panama 14, Paragwaj 1, Filipiny 22, Portugalia 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 5, UK 2, US 1, unknown 1) (2007)
total: 558 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,796,460 GRT/5,212,557 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 14, cargo 361, chemical tanker 32, container 48, liquefied gas 13, passenger 11, passenger/cargo 14, petroleum tanker 14, refrigerated cargo 32, roll on/roll off 15, specialized tanker 4


foreign-owned: 139 (Bahamas 5, Belgia 2, Kanada 1, Dania 4, Finlandia 7, Niemcy 62, Irlandia 13, Norwegia 9, Szwecja 19, Wielka Brytania 6, Stany Zjednoczone 11)


registered w other countries: 223 (2005)
Wojsko Royal Holandia Army, Royal Holandia Navy (includes Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Holandia Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht, KLu), Royal Military Police, Defense Interservice Command (DICO) (2006) Royal Holandia Army, Royal Holandia Navy (includes Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Holandia Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht, KLu), Royal Constabulary, Defense Interservice Command (DICO) (2004)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $9.408 billion (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.6% (2005 est.) 1.6% (2004)
Swieto narodowe Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX), 30 kwiecien (1909 and 1980) Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA w 1909 and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX w 1980), 30 kwiecien
Narodowosc noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)


adjective: Dutch
noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)


adjective: Dutch
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding flooding
Surowce naturalne natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) 2.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 81 km; gas 7,394 km; oil 578 km; refined products 716 km (2007) condensate 325 km; gas 6,998 km; oil 590 km; refined products 716 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Jan Peter BALKENENDE]; Christian Union Party [Andre ROUVOET]; Democrats 66 or D66 [Alexander PECHTOLD]; Green Left Party [Femke HALSEMA]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wouter BOS]; Party dla Freedom or PVV [Geert WILDERS]; Party dla the Animals or PvdD [Marianne THIEME]; People's Party dla Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) or VVD [Mark RUTTE]; Reformed Political Party of SGP [Bas VAN DER VLIES]; Socialist Party [Jan MARIJNISSEN]; plus a few minor parties Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Maxime Jacques Marcel VERHAGEN]; Christian Union Party [Andre ROUVOET]; Democrats 66 or D66 [Boris DITTRICH]; Green Party [Femke HALSEMA]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wouter BOS]; List Pim Fortuyn [Gerard van AS]; People's Party dla Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) or VVD [Jozias VAN AARTSEN]; Socialist Party [Jan MARIJNISSEN]; plus a few minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Christian Trade Union Federation or CNV [Rene PAAS]; Confederation of Holandia Industry and Employers or VNO-NCW [Bernard WIENTJES]; Federation dla Small and Medium-sized businesses or MBK [Loek HERMANS]; Holandia Trade Union Federation or FNV [Agnes JONGERIUS]; Social Economic Council or SER [ Alexander RINNOOY Kan]; Trade Union Federation of Middle and High Personnel or MHP [Ad VERHOEVEN] Holandia Trade Union Federation (FNV) (consisting of a merger of Socialist and Catholic trade unions); Christian Trade Union Federation (CNV); Trade Union Federation of Middle and High Personnel (MHP); Federation of Catholic and Protestant Employers Associations; Interchurch Peace Council or IKV; large multinational firms; the nondenominational Federation of Holandia Enterprises
Ludnosc 16,570,613 (lipiec 2007 est.) 16,407,491 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 10.5% (2005) NA
Przyrost naturalny 0.464% (2007 est.) 0.53% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie - Amsterdam, Groningen, Ijmuiden, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Vlissingen, Zaanstad
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 246, shortwave 3 (2004) AM 4, FM 246, shortwave 3 (2004)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,811 km


standard gauge: 2,811 km 1.435-m gauge (2,064 km electrified) (2006)
total: 2,808 km


standard gauge: 2,808 km 1.435-m gauge (2,061 km electrified) (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41% (2002) Roman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41% (2002)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.048 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.023 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.741 male(s)/female


total population: 0.981 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed and well maintained


domestic: extensive fixed-line fiber-optic network; cellular telephone system is one of the largest w Europe z 5 major network operators utilizing the third generation of the Global System dla Mobile Communications (GSM)


international: country code - 31; submarine cables provide links to the US and Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 2 Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions) (2004)
general assessment: highly developed and well maintained


domestic: extensive fixed-line fiber-optic network; cellular telephone system is one of the largest w Europe z five major network operators utilizing the third generation of the Global System dla Mobile Communications (GSM)


international: country code - 31; 9 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 2 Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions) (2004)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7.6 million (2005) 10.004 million (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 15.834 million (2005) 12.5 million (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 21 (plus 26 repeaters) (1995) 21 (plus 26 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills w southeast mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.66 children born/woman (2007 est.) 1.66 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 4.5% (2007 est.) 6% (2004 est.)
Drogi wodne 6,183 km (navigable dla ships of 50 tons) (2005) 5,046 km (navigable dla ships of 50 tons) (2004)
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