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Porownanie Fidzi (2008) - Fidzi (2005)

Porownanie Fidzi (2008) z Fidzi (2005)

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 Fidzi (2008)Fidzi (2005)
 FidziFidzi
Podzial administracyjny 4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western 4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 30.9% (male 144,665/female 138,816)


15-64 years: 64.7% (male 297,709/female 296,897)


65 years and over: 4.4% (male 18,397/female 22,191) (2007 est.)
0-14 years: 31.4% (male 143,066/female 137,346)


15-64 years: 64.5% (male 288,434/female 287,720)


65 years and over: 4.1% (male 16,797/female 19,991) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
Lotniska 28 (2007) 28 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
total: 3


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 25


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 18 (2007)
total: 25


914 to 1,523 m: 6


under 914 m: 19 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 18,270 sq km


land: 18,270 sq km


water: 0 sq km
total: 18,270 sq km


land: 18,270 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Fidzi became independent w 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups w 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indien community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British w the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fidzi, led to heavy Indien emigration; the population loss resulted w economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted w 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections w 1999 resulted w a government led by an Indo-Fidzian, but a civilian-led coup w maj 2000 ushered w a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held w sierpien 2001 provided Fidzi z a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected w maj 2006, QARASE was ousted w a grudzien 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president. In styczen 2007, BAINIMARAMA was appointed interim prime minister. Fidzi became independent w 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups w 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indien community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British w the 19th century). A 1990 constitution favored native Melanesian control of Fidzi, but led to heavy Indien emigration; the population loss resulted w economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. Amendments enacted w 1997 made the constitution more equitable. Free and peaceful elections w 1999 resulted w a government led by an Indo-Fidzian, but a coup w maj 2000 ushered w a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held w sierpien 2001 provided Fidzi z a democratically elected government and gave a mandate to the government of Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 22.37 births/1,000 population (2007 est.) 22.73 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $720.5 million


expenditures: $728.3 million (2005)
revenues: $427.9 million


expenditures: $531.4 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Stolica name: Suva (on Viti Levu)


geographic coordinates: 18 08 S, 178 25 E


time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Suva (Viti Levu)
Klimat tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 1,129 km 1,129 km
Konstytucja enacted on 25 lipiec 1997 to encourage multiculturalism and make multiparty government mandatory; effective 28 lipiec 1998 promulgated on 25 lipiec 1990; amended on 25 lipiec 1997 to allow nonethnic Fidzians greater say w government and to make multiparty government mandatory; effective 28 lipiec 1998
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of the Fidzi Islands


conventional short form: Fidzi


local long form: Republic of the Fidzi Islands/Matanitu ko Viti


local short form: Fidzi/Viti
conventional long form: Republic of the Fidzi Islands


conventional short form: Fidzi
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.66 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.) 5.65 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $127 million (2004 est.) $188.1 million (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Larry Miles DINGER


embassy: 31 Loftus Street, Suva


mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva


telephone: [679] 331-4466


FAX: [679] 330-0081
chief of mission: Ambassador David L. LYON


embassy: 31 Loftus Street, Suva


mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva


telephone: [679] 331-4466


FAX: [679] 330-0081
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Penijamini R. LOMALOMA


chancery: 2000 M Street, NW, Suite 710, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 466-8320


FAX: [1] (202) 466-8325
chief of mission: Mr. Paula NAVUNISARAVI (Charge D'Affaires ad Interim)


chancery: 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 240, Washington, DC 20007


telephone: [1] (202) 337-8320


FAX: [1] (202) 337-1996
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $63.96 million (2005) $40.3 million (1995)
Ekonomia Fidzi, endowed z forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still z a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports, remittances from Fidzians working abroad, and a growing tourist industry - z 300,000 to 400,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. Fidzi's sugar has special access to Unia Europejska markets, but will be harmed by the EU's decision to cut sugar subsidies. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity but is not efficient. Fidzi's tourism industry was damaged by the grudzien 2006 coup and is facing an uncertain recovery time. The coup has created a difficult business climate. Tourist arrivals dla 2007 are estimated to be down almost 6%, z substantial job losses w the service sector. In lipiec 2007 the Reserve Bank of Fidzi announced the economy was expected to contract by 3.1% w 2007. Fidzi's current account deficit reached 23% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2006. The EU has suspended all aid until the interim government takes steps toward new elections. Long-term problems include low investment, uncertain land ownership rights, and the government's inability to manage its budget. Overseas remittances from Fidzians working w Kuwejt and Irak have increased significantly. Fidzi, endowed z forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still z a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports and a growing tourist industry - z 300,000 to 400,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity, but is inefficient. Long-term problems include low investment, uncertain land ownership rights, and the government's ability to manage its budget. Yet short-run economic prospects are good, provided tensions do not again erupt between indigenous Fidzians and Indo-Fidzians. Overseas remittances from Fidzians working w Kuwejt and Irak have increased significantly.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 972.8 million kWh (2005) 697.5 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005) 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005) 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.046 billion kWh (2005) 750 million kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion deforestation; soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Fidzian 54.8% (predominantly Melanesian z a Polynesian admixture), Indien 37.4%, other 7.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2005 estimate) Fidzian 51% (predominantly Melanesian z a Polynesian admixture), Indien 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Kurs waluty Fidzian dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), 1.7313 (2006), 1.691 (2005), 1.7331 (2004), 1.8958 (2003) Fidzian dollars per US dollar - 1.7331 (2004), 1.8958 (2003), 2.1869 (2002), 2.2766 (2001), 2.1286 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since 18 lipiec 2000); note - ILOILOVATU was reaffirmed as president by the Great Council of Chiefs w a statement issued on 22 grudzien, and reappointed by the coup leader Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA w styczen 2007


head of government: Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 wrzesien 2000); note - although QARASE is still the legal prime minister, he has been confined to his home island; the president appointed Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA interim prime minister under the military regime


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament; note - coup leader Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA has appointed an interim cabinet


elections: president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); prime minister appointed by the president; election last held 8 marzec 2006


election results: Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - NA
chief of state: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since 18 lipiec 2000)


head of government: Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 wrzesien 2000)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament; note - there is also a Presidential Council that advises the president on matters of national importance and a Great Council of Chiefs, which consists of the highest ranking members of the traditional chief system


elections: president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs dla a five-year term; prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - NA%
Eksport 2,268 bbl/day (2004) NA
Eksport - towary sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil
Eksport - partnerzy US 16.8%, Australia 13.9%, UK 13.5%, Japonia 5.3%, Samoa 4.7%, Tonga 4.1% (2006) US 24%, Australia 19%, UK 12.6%, Samoa 6.5%, Japonia 4.1% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi light blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fidzian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove light blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fidzian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8.9%


industry: 13.5%


services: 77.6% (2004 est.)
agriculture: 16.6%


industry: 22.4%


services: 61% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita - purchasing power parity - $5,900 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -3.1% (2007 est.) 3.6% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 00 S, 175 00 E 18 00 S, 175 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne includes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited
Autostrady - total: 3,440 km


paved: 1,692 km


unpaved: 1,748 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Import 10,870 bbl/day (2004) NA
Import - towary manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Singapur 28.8%, Australia 23.3%, NZ 16.8%, Chiny 4.7% (2006) Australia 25.9%, Singapur 23.1%, Nowa Zelandia 21.1% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 10 pazdziernik 1970 (from UK) 10 pazdziernik 1970 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA% NA
Przemysl tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 11.99 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 10.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
total: 12.62 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 13.97 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 11.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2005) 1.6% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, C (suspended), CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNMIT, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ACP, AsDB, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMISET, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (2003) 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); Court of Appeal; High Court; Magistrates' Courts Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); Court of Appeal; High Court; Magistrates' Courts
Sila robocza 137,000 (1999) 137,000 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 70%


industry and services: 30% (2001 est.)
agriculture, including subsistence agriculture 70% (2001 est.)
Granica 0 km 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 10.95%


permanent crops: 4.65%


other: 84.4% (2005)
arable land: 10.95%


permanent crops: 4.65%


other: 84.4% (2001)
Jezyki English (official), Fidzian (official), Hindustani English (official), Fidzian, Hindustani
System prawny based on British system based on British system
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (32 seats; 14 appointed by the president on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs, 9 appointed by the president on the advice of the Prime Minister, 8 on the advice of the Opposition Leader, and 1 appointed on the advice of the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved dla ethnic Fidzians, 19 reserved dla ethnic Indiens, 3 reserved dla other ethnic groups, 1 reserved dla the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fidzi, and 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms)


elections: House of Representatives - last held 6-13 maj 2006 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - SDL 44.6%, FLP 39.2%, UPP 0.8%, independents 4.9%, other 10.5%; seats by party - SDL 36, FLP 31, UPP 2, independents 2
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (34 seats; 24 appointed by the President on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs, nine appointed by the president, and one appointed by the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved dla ethnic Fidzians, 19 reserved dla ethnic Indiens, three reserved dla other ethnic groups, one reserved dla the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fidzi, and 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms)


elections: House of Representatives - last held 25 sierpien through 1 wrzesien and 19 wrzesien 2001 (next to be held not later than wrzesien 2006)


election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - FLP 26.5%, SDL 27.5%, NFP 1.2%, MV 4.2%, NLUP 1.3%, UGP .3%, independents 1.4%; seats by party - FLP 27, SDL 32, MV 6, NFP 1, NLUP 2, UGP 1, independents 2
Zywotnosc total population: 70.12 years


male: 67.6 years


female: 72.76 years (2007 est.)
total population: 69.53 years


male: 67.05 years


female: 72.14 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 93.7%


male: 95.5%


female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 93.7%


male: 95.5%


female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the South Ocean Spokojny, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to Nowa Zelandia Oceania, island group w the South Ocean Spokojny, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to Nowa Zelandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines


territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines


territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
Flota handlowa total: 8 ships (1000 GRT or over) 17,376 GRT/8,788 DWT


by type: passenger 3, passenger/cargo 3, roll on/roll off 2


foreign-owned: 1 (Australia 1) (2007)
total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 6,372 GRT/7,453 DWT


by type: passenger 3, passenger/cargo 2, roll on/roll off 2


foreign-owned: 1 (Australia 1) (2005)
Wojsko Republic of Fidzi Military Forces (RFMF): Land Forces, Naval Forces (2008) Republic of Fidzi Military Forces (RFMF): Land Forces, Naval Division (2005)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) - $36 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.2% (2005 est.) 2.2% (FY02)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, second Monday of pazdziernik (1970) Niepodleglosc Day, second Monday of pazdziernik (1970)
Narodowosc noun: Fidzian(s)


adjective: Fidzian
noun: Fidzian(s)


adjective: Fidzian
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen
Surowce naturalne timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.) -3.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Dodonu Ni Taukei Party or DNT [Fereti S. DEWA]; Fidzi Democratic Party or FDP [Filipe BOLE] (a merger of the Christian Democrat Alliance or VLV [Poesci Waqalevu BUNE], Fidzian Association Party or FAP, Fidzian Political Party or SVT (primarily Fidzian) [Sitiveni RABUKA], and New Labor Unity Party or NLUP [Ofa SWANN]); Fidzi Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]; General Voters Party or GVP (became part of United General Party); Girmit Heritage Party or GHP; Justice and Freedom Party or AIM; Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party or LFR; National Federation Party or NFP (primarily Indien) [Pramond RAE]; Nationalist Vanua Takolavo Party or NVTLP [Saula TELAWA]; Party of National Unity or PANU [Ponipate LESAVUA]; Party of the Truth or POTT; United Fidzi Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua or SDL [Laisenia QARASE]; United Peoples Party or UPP [Millis Mick BEDDOES] Bai Kei Viti Party or BKV [Ratu Tevita MOMOEDONU]; Conservative Alliance Party/Matanitu Vanua or MV [Ratu Rakuita VAKALALABURE]; Dodonu Ni Taukei Party or DNT [Fereti S. DEWA]; Fidzi Democratic Party or FDP [Felipe BOLE] (a merger of the Christian Democrat Alliance or VLV [Poesci Waqalevu BUNE], Fidzian Association Party or FAP [Adi Kuini SPEED], Fidzian Political Party or SVT (primarily Fidzian) [Felipe BOLE], and New Labor Unity Party or NLUP [Tupeni BABA]); Fidzi Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDRHRY]; General Voters Party or GVP [leader NA] (became part of United General Party); Girmit Heritage Party or GHP [leader NA]; Justice and Freedom Party or AIM [leader NA]; Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party or LFR [leader NA]; National Federation Party or NFP (primarily Indien) [Pramond RAE]; Nationalist Vanua Takolavo Party or NVTLP [Saula TELAWA]; Party of National Unity or PANU [Meli BOGILEKA]; Party of the Truth or POTT [leader NA]; United Fidzi Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua or SDL [Laisenia QARASE]; United General Party or UGP [Millis Mick BEDDOES]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA NA
Ludnosc 918,675 (lipiec 2007 est.) 893,354 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 25.5% (FY90/91) 25.5% (1990-91)
Przyrost naturalny 1.394% (2007 est.) 1.4% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie - Lambasa, Lautoka, Suva
Stacje radiowe AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0 (1998) AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 597 km


narrow gauge: 597 km 0.600-m gauge


note: belongs to the government-owned Fidzi Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during harvest season (maj to grudzien) (2006)
total: 597 km


narrow gauge: 597 km 0.600-m gauge


note: belongs to the government-owned Fidzi Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during harvest season (maj to grudzien) (2003)
Religie Christian 53% (Methodist 34.5%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Assembly of God 3.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 2.6%, other 4.9%), Hindu 34% (Sanatan 25%, Arya Samaj 1.2%, other 7.8%), Muslim 7% (Sunni 4.2%. other 2.8%), other or unspecified 5.6%, none 0.3% (1996 census) Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, other 2%


note: Fidzians are mainly Christian, Indiens are Hindu, and there is a Muslim minority (1986)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.042 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.003 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.829 male(s)/female


total population: 1.006 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female


total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center


domestic: telephone or radio telephone links to almost all inhabited islands; most towns and large villages have automatic telephone exchanges and direct dialing; combined fixed and mobile-cellular density is about 35 per 100 persons


international: country code - 679; access to important cable links between US and Kanada as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth stations - 2 Inmarsat (Ocean Spokojny)
general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center


domestic: NA


international: country code - 679; access to important cable links between US and Kanada as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 112,500 (2005) 102,000 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 205,000 (2005) 109,900 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne NA NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains of volcanic origin mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.7 children born/woman (2007 est.) 2.75 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.6% (1999) 7.6% (1999)
Drogi wodne 203 km


note: 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges (2006)
203 km


note: 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges (2004)
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