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Porownanie Naturalne zagrozenia (2008) - Naturalne zagrozenia (2006)

Porownanie Naturalne zagrozenia (2008) z Naturalne zagrozenia (2006)

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  Naturalne zagrozenia (2008)Naturalne zagrozenia (2006)
Afganistan Afganistan damaging earthquakes occur w Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts damaging earthquakes occur w Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts
Albania Albania destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought
Algieria Algieria mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods w rainy season mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods w rainy season
Samoa Amerykanskie Samoa Amerykanskie typhoons common from grudzien to marzec typhoons common from grudzien to marzec
Andora Andora avalanches avalanches
Angola Angola locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau
Anguilla Anguilla frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (lipiec to pazdziernik) frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (lipiec to pazdziernik)
Antarktyda Antarktyda katabatic (gravity-driven) winds blow coastward from the high interior; frequent blizzards form near the foot of the plateau; cyclonic storms form over the ocean and move clockwise along the coast; volcanism on Deception Island and isolated areas of West Antarktyda; other seismic activity rare and weak; large icebergs may calve from ice shelf katabatic (gravity-driven) winds blow coastward from the high interior; frequent blizzards form near the foot of the plateau; cyclonic storms form over the ocean and move clockwise along the coast; volcanism on Deception Island and isolated areas of West Antarktyda; other seismic activity rare and weak; large icebergs may calve from ice shelf
Antigua i Barbuda Antigua i Barbuda hurricanes and tropical storms (lipiec to pazdziernik); periodic droughts hurricanes and tropical storms (lipiec to pazdziernik); periodic droughts
Ocean Arktyczny Ocean Arktyczny ice islands occasionally break away from northern Ellesmere Island; icebergs calved from glaciers w western Grenlandia and extreme northeastern Kanada; permafrost w islands; virtually ice locked from pazdziernik to czerwiec; ships subject to superstructure icing from pazdziernik to maj ice islands occasionally break away from northern Ellesmere Island; icebergs calved from glaciers w western Grenlandia and extreme northeastern Kanada; permafrost w islands; virtually ice locked from pazdziernik to czerwiec; ships subject to superstructure icing from pazdziernik to maj
Argentyna Argentyna San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas w the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas w the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding
Armenia Armenia occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts
Aruba Aruba lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt
Wyspy Ashmore i Cartiera Wyspy Ashmore i Cartiera surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards
Ocean Atlantycki Ocean Atlantycki icebergs common w Davis Strait, Dania Strait, and the northwestern Ocean Atlantycki from luty to sierpien and have been spotted as far south as Bermudy and the Madeira Islands; ships subject to superstructure icing w extreme northern Atlantic from pazdziernik to maj; persistent fog can be a maritime hazard from maj to wrzesien; hurricanes (maj to grudzien) icebergs common w Davis Strait, Dania Strait, and the northwestern Ocean Atlantycki from luty to sierpien and have been spotted as far south as Bermudy and the Madeira Islands; ships subject to superstructure icing w extreme northern Atlantic from pazdziernik to maj; persistent fog can be a maritime hazard from maj to wrzesien; hurricanes (maj to grudzien)
Australia Australia cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires
Austria Austria landslides; avalanches; earthquakes landslides; avalanches; earthquakes
Azerbejdzan Azerbejdzan droughts droughts
Bahamy Bahamy hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage
Bahrajn Bahrajn periodic droughts; dust storms periodic droughts; dust storms
Wyspa Baker Wyspa Baker the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Bangladesz Bangladesz droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season
Barbados Barbados infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides
Bassas da Indie Bassas da Indie - maritime hazard since it is usually under water during high tide and surrounded by reefs; subject to periodic cyclones
Bialorus Bialorus NA NA
Belgia Belgia flooding is a threat along rivers and w areas of reclaimed coastal land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes flooding is a threat along rivers and w areas of reclaimed coastal land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes
Belize Belize frequent, devastating hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad) and coastal flooding (especially w south) frequent, devastating hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad) and coastal flooding (especially w south)
Benin Benin hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from grudzien to marzec hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from grudzien to marzec
Bermudy Bermudy hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad) hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad)
Bhutan Bhutan violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season
Boliwia Boliwia flooding w the northeast (March-April) flooding w the northeast (March-April)
Bosnia i Hercegowina Bosnia i Hercegowina destructive earthquakes destructive earthquakes
Botswana Botswana periodic droughts; seasonal sierpien winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility periodic droughts; seasonal sierpien winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility
Wyspa Bouveta Wyspa Bouveta NA NA
Brazylia Brazylia recurring droughts w northeast; floods and occasional frost w south recurring droughts w northeast; floods and occasional frost w south
Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego NA NA
Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze hurricanes and tropical storms (lipiec to pazdziernik) hurricanes and tropical storms (lipiec to pazdziernik)
Brunei Brunei typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare
Bulgaria Bulgaria earthquakes, landslides earthquakes, landslides
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso recurring droughts recurring droughts
Birma Birma destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (czerwiec to wrzesien); periodic droughts destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (czerwiec to wrzesien); periodic droughts
Burundi Burundi flooding, landslides, drought flooding, landslides, drought
Kambodza Kambodza monsoonal rains (czerwiec to listopad); flooding; occasional droughts monsoonal rains (czerwiec to listopad); flooding; occasional droughts
Kamerun Kamerun volcanic activity z periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes volcanic activity z periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes
Kanada Kanada continuous permafrost w north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountains continuous permafrost w north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountains
Republika Zielonego Przyladka Republika Zielonego Przyladka prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active
Kajmany Kajmany hurricanes (lipiec to listopad) hurricanes (lipiec to listopad)
Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common
Czad Czad hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur w north; periodic droughts; locust plagues hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur w north; periodic droughts; locust plagues
Chile Chile severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis
Chiny Chiny frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; land subsidence frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; land subsidence
Wyspa Bozego Narodzenia Wyspa Bozego Narodzenia the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Clipperton Clipperton NA NA
Wyspy Kokosowe Wyspy Kokosowe cyclone season is pazdziernik to kwiecien cyclone season is pazdziernik to kwiecien
Kolumbia Kolumbia highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts
Komory Komory cyclones possible during rainy season (grudzien to kwiecien); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano cyclones possible during rainy season (grudzien to kwiecien); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano
Kongo, Republika Demokratyczna Kongo, Republika Demokratyczna periodic droughts w south; Congo River floods (seasonal); w the east, w the Great Rift Valley, there are active volcanoes periodic droughts w south; Congo River floods (seasonal); w the east, w the Great Rift Valley, there are active volcanoes
Kongo, Republika Kongo, Republika seasonal flooding seasonal flooding
Wyspy Cooka Wyspy Cooka typhoons (listopad to marzec) typhoons (listopad to marzec)
Wyspy Morza Koralowego Wyspy Morza Koralowego occasional tropical cyclones occasional tropical cyclones
Kostaryka Kostaryka occasional earthquakes, hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season and landslides; active volcanoes occasional earthquakes, hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season and landslides; active volcanoes
Cote d'Ivoire Cote d'Ivoire coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible
Chorwacja Chorwacja destructive earthquakes destructive earthquakes
Kuba Kuba the east coast is subject to hurricanes from sierpien to listopad (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common the east coast is subject to hurricanes from sierpien to listopad (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common
Cypr Cypr moderate earthquake activity; droughts moderate earthquake activity; droughts
Czechy Czechy flooding flooding
Dania Dania flooding is a threat w some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes flooding is a threat w some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes
Dzibuti Dzibuti earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Ocean Indyjski bring heavy rains and flash floods earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Ocean Indyjski bring heavy rains and flash floods
Dominika Dominika flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months
Republika Dominikanska Republika Dominikanska lies w the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from czerwiec to pazdziernik; occasional flooding; periodic droughts lies w the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from czerwiec to pazdziernik; occasional flooding; periodic droughts
Timor Wschodni Timor Wschodni - floods and landslides are common; earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones
Ekwador Ekwador frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts
Egipt Egipt periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs w spring; dust storms, sandstorms periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs w spring; dust storms, sandstorms
Salwador Salwador known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
Gwinea Równikowa Gwinea Równikowa violent windstorms, flash floods violent windstorms, flash floods
Erytrea Erytrea frequent droughts; locust swarms frequent droughts; locust swarms
Estonia Estonia sometimes flooding occurs w the spring sometimes flooding occurs w the spring
Etiopia Etiopia geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts
Europa (wyspa) Europa (wyspa) - NA
Unia Europejska Unia Europejska flooding along coasts; avalanches w mountainous area; earthquakes w the south; volcanic eruptions w Wlochy; periodic droughts w Hiszpania; ice floes w the Baltic flooding along coasts; avalanches w mountainous area; earthquakes w the south; volcanic eruptions w Wlochy; periodic droughts w Hiszpania; ice floes w the Baltic
Falklandy Falklandy strong winds persist throughout the rok strong winds persist throughout the rok
Wyspy Owcze Wyspy Owcze NA NA
Fidzi Fidzi cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen
Finlandia Finlandia NA NA
Francja Francja metropolitan Francja: flooding; avalanches; midwinter windstorms; drought; forest fires w south near the Mediterranean


overseas departments: hurricanes (cyclones), flooding, volcanic activity (Gwadelupa, Martynika, Reunion)
flooding; avalanches; midwinter windstorms; drought; forest fires w south near the Mediterranean
Gujana Francuska Gujana Francuska - high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding
Polinezja Francuska Polinezja Francuska occasional cyclonic storms w styczen occasional cyclonic storms w styczen
Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are inactive volcanoes; Wyspy Rozproszone subject to periodic cyclones; Bassas da Indie is a maritime hazard since it is under water dla a period of three hours prior to and following the high tide and surrounded by reefs Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes
Gabon Gabon NA NA
Gambia Gambia drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% w the last 30 years) drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% w the last 30 years)
Gaza Gaza droughts droughts
Georgia Georgia earthquakes earthquakes
Niemcy Niemcy flooding flooding
Ghana Ghana dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from styczen to marzec; droughts dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from styczen to marzec; droughts
Gibraltar Gibraltar NA NA
Wyspy Glorioso Wyspy Glorioso - periodic cyclones
Grecja Grecja severe earthquakes severe earthquakes
Grenlandia Grenlandia continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island
Grenada Grenada lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from czerwiec to listopad lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from czerwiec to listopad
Gwadelupa Gwadelupa - hurricanes (czerwiec to pazdziernik); Soufriere de Gwadelupa is an active volcano
Guam Guam frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (czerwiec - grudzien) frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (czerwiec - grudzien)
Gwatemala Gwatemala numerous volcanoes w mountains, z occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms numerous volcanoes w mountains, z occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms
Guernsey Guernsey NA NA
Gwinea Gwinea hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
Gwinea Bissau Gwinea Bissau hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
Gujana Gujana flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Haiti Haiti lies w the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from czerwiec to pazdziernik; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts lies w the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from czerwiec to pazdziernik; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts
Wyspy Heard i McDonalda Wyspy Heard i McDonalda Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island
Watykan Watykan NA NA
Honduras Honduras frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast
Hong Kong Hong Kong occasional typhoons occasional typhoons
Howland Howland the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Islandia Islandia earthquakes and volcanic activity earthquakes and volcanic activity
Wyspy Rozproszone Wyspy Rozproszone - all islands subject to periodic cyclones


Bassas da Indie: maritime hazard since it is under water dla a period of three hours prior to and following the high tide and surrounded by reefs
Indie Indie droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes
Ocean Indyjski Ocean Indyjski occasional icebergs pose navigational hazard w southern reaches occasional icebergs pose navigational hazard w southern reaches
Indonezja Indonezja occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes, forest fires occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes, forest fires
Iran Iran periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes
Irak Irak dust storms, sandstorms, floods dust storms, sandstorms, floods
Irlandia Irlandia NA NA
Wyspa Man Wyspa Man NA NA
Izrael Izrael sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes
Wlochy Wlochy regional risks include landslides, mudflows, avalanches, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding; land subsidence w Venice regional risks include landslides, mudflows, avalanches, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding; land subsidence w Venice
Jamajka Jamajka hurricanes (especially lipiec to listopad) hurricanes (especially lipiec to listopad)
Jan majen Jan majen dominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed w 1970; the most recent eruption occurred w 1985 dominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed w 1970
Japonia Japonia many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis; typhoons many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis; typhoons
Jarvis Jarvis the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island poses a maritime hazard the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island poses a maritime hazard
Jersey Jersey NA NA
Johnston Johnston NA NA
Jordania Jordania droughts; periodic earthquakes droughts; periodic earthquakes
Juan de Nova Juan de Nova - periodic cyclones
Kazachstan Kazachstan earthquakes w the south, mudslides around Almaty earthquakes w the south, mudslides around Almaty
Kenia Kenia recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
Kingman Kingman wet or awash most of the time, maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes Kingman a maritime hazard wet or awash most of the time, maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes Kingman a maritime hazard
Kiribati Kiribati typhoons can occur any time, but usually listopad to marzec; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes w sea level typhoons can occur any time, but usually listopad to marzec; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes w sea level
Polnocna Korea Polnocna Korea late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall
Poludniowa Korea Poludniowa Korea occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common w southwest occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common w southwest
Kuwejt Kuwejt sudden cloudbursts are common from pazdziernik to kwiecien and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between marzec and sierpien sudden cloudbursts are common from pazdziernik to kwiecien and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between marzec and sierpien
Kirgistan Kirgistan NA NA
Laos Laos floods, droughts floods, droughts
Lotwa Lotwa NA NA
Liban Liban dust storms, sandstorms dust storms, sandstorms
Lesotho Lesotho periodic droughts periodic droughts
Liberia Liberia dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to marzec) dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to marzec)
Libia Libia hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days w spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days w spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein NA NA
Litwa Litwa NA NA
Luksemburg Luksemburg NA NA
Makau Makau typhoons typhoons
Macedonia Macedonia high seismic risks high seismic risks
Madagaskar Madagaskar periodic cyclones, drought, and locust infestation periodic cyclones, drought, and locust infestation
Malawi Malawi NA NA
Malezja Malezja flooding, landslides, forest fires flooding, landslides, forest fires
Malediwy Malediwy low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise
Mali Mali hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding
Malta Malta NA NA
Wyspy Marshalla Wyspy Marshalla infrequent typhoons infrequent typhoons
Martynika Martynika - hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)
Mauretania Mauretania hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily w marzec and kwiecien; periodic droughts hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily w marzec and kwiecien; periodic droughts
Mauritius Mauritius cyclones (listopad to kwiecien); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards cyclones (listopad to kwiecien); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Majotta Majotta cyclones during rainy season cyclones during rainy season
Meksyk Meksyk tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes w the center and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Meksyk, and Caribbean coasts tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes w the center and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Meksyk, and Caribbean coasts
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji typhoons (czerwiec to grudzien) typhoons (czerwiec to grudzien)
Midway Midway NA NA
Moldawia Moldawia landslides (57 cases w 1998) landslides (57 cases w 1998)
Monako Monako NA NA
Mongolia Mongolia dust storms, grassland and forest fires, drought, and "zud," which is harsh winter conditions dust storms, grassland and forest fires, drought, and "zud," which is harsh winter conditions
Czarnogora Czarnogora destructive earthquakes destructive earthquakes
Montserrat Montserrat severe hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1995) severe hurricanes (czerwiec to listopad); volcanic eruptions (Soufriere Hills volcano has erupted continuously since 1995)
Maroko Maroko northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts
Mozambik Mozambik severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods w central and southern provinces severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods w central and southern provinces
Namibia Namibia prolonged periods of drought prolonged periods of drought
Nauru Nauru periodic droughts periodic droughts
Navassa Navassa hurricanes hurricanes
Nepal Nepal severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
Holandia Holandia flooding flooding
Antyle Holenderskie Antyle Holenderskie Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from lipiec to pazdziernik Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from lipiec to pazdziernik
Nowa Kaledonia Nowa Kaledonia cyclones, most frequent from listopad to marzec cyclones, most frequent from listopad to marzec
Nowa Zelandia Nowa Zelandia earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity
Nikaragua Nikaragua destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanes destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
Niger Niger recurring droughts recurring droughts
Nigeria Nigeria periodic droughts; flooding periodic droughts; flooding
Niue Niue typhoons typhoons
Wyspa Norfolk Wyspa Norfolk typhoons (especially maj to lipiec) typhoons (especially maj to lipiec)
Mariany Polnocne Mariany Polnocne active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially sierpien to listopad) active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially sierpien to listopad)
Norwegia Norwegia rockslides, avalanches rockslides, avalanches
Oman Oman summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms w interior; periodic droughts summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms w interior; periodic droughts
Ocean Spokojny Ocean Spokojny surrounded by a zone of violent volcanic and earthquake activity sometimes referred to as the "Pacific Ring of Fire"; subject to tropical cyclones (typhoons) w southeast and east Asia from maj to grudzien (most frequent from lipiec to pazdziernik); tropical cyclones (hurricanes) may form south of Meksyk and strike Central America and Meksyk from czerwiec to pazdziernik (most common w sierpien and wrzesien); cyclical El Nino/La Nina phenomenon occurs w the equatorial Pacific, influencing weather w the Western Hemisphere and the western Pacific; ships subject to superstructure icing w extreme north from pazdziernik to maj; persistent fog w the northern Pacific can be a maritime hazard from czerwiec to grudzien surrounded by a zone of violent volcanic and earthquake activity sometimes referred to as the "Pacific Ring of Fire"; subject to tropical cyclones (typhoons) w southeast and east Asia from maj to grudzien (most frequent from lipiec to pazdziernik); tropical cyclones (hurricanes) may form south of Meksyk and strike Central America and Meksyk from czerwiec to pazdziernik (most common w sierpien and wrzesien); cyclical El Nino/La Nina phenomenon occurs w the equatorial Pacific, influencing weather w the Western Hemisphere and the western Pacific; ships subject to superstructure icing w extreme north from pazdziernik to maj; persistent fog w the northern Pacific can be a maritime hazard from czerwiec to grudzien
Pakistan Pakistan frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially w north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (lipiec and sierpien) frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially w north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (lipiec and sierpien)
Palau Palau typhoons (czerwiec to grudzien) typhoons (czerwiec to grudzien)
Palmyra Palmyra NA NA
Panama Panama occasional severe storms and forest fires w the Darien area occasional severe storms and forest fires w the Darien area
Papua-Nowa Gwinea Papua-Nowa Gwinea active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Wyspy Paracelskie Wyspy Paracelskie typhoons typhoons
Paragwaj Paragwaj local flooding w southeast (early wrzesien to czerwiec); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early pazdziernik to czerwiec) local flooding w southeast (early wrzesien to czerwiec); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early pazdziernik to czerwiec)
Peru Peru earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity
Filipiny Filipiny astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
Pitcairn Pitcairn typhoons (especially listopad to marzec) typhoons (especially listopad to marzec)
Polska Polska flooding flooding
Portugalia Portugalia Azores subject to severe earthquakes Azores subject to severe earthquakes
Portoryko Portoryko periodic droughts; hurricanes periodic droughts; hurricanes
Katar Katar haze, dust storms, sandstorms common haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Reunion Reunion - periodic, devastating cyclones (grudzien to kwiecien); Piton de la Fournaise on the southeastern coast is an active volcano
Rumunia Rumunia earthquakes, most severe w south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides earthquakes, most severe w south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides
Rosja Rosja permafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity w the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula; spring floods and summer/autumn forest fires throughout Siberia and parts of European Rosja permafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity w the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula; spring floods and summer/autumn forest fires throughout Siberia and parts of European Rosja
Ruanda Ruanda periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are w the northwest along the border z Democratic Republic of the Congo periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are w the northwest along the border z Democratic Republic of the Congo
Swieta Helena Swieta Helena active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha, last eruption w 1961 active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha, last eruption w 1961
Saint Kitts i Nevis Saint Kitts i Nevis hurricanes (lipiec to pazdziernik) hurricanes (lipiec to pazdziernik)
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia hurricanes and volcanic activity hurricanes and volcanic activity
Saint-Pierre i Miquelon Saint-Pierre i Miquelon persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Saint Vincent i Grenadyny Saint Vincent i Grenadyny hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Samoa Samoa occasional typhoons; active volcanism occasional typhoons; active volcanism
San Marino San Marino NA NA
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca NA NA
Arabia Saudyjska Arabia Saudyjska frequent sand and dust storms frequent sand and dust storms
Senegal Senegal lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts
Serbia Serbia destructive earthquakes destructive earthquakes
Seszele Seszele lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to luty); sandstorms, dust storms dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to luty); sandstorms, dust storms
Singapur Singapur NA NA
Slowacja Slowacja NA NA
Slowenia Slowenia flooding and earthquakes flooding and earthquakes
Wyspy Salomona Wyspy Salomona typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region z frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity; tsunamis typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region z frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity
Somalia Somalia recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains w summer; floods during rainy season recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains w summer; floods during rainy season
Republika Poludniowej Afryki Republika Poludniowej Afryki prolonged droughts prolonged droughts
Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy the South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism the South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism
Ocean Poludniowy Ocean Poludniowy huge icebergs z drafts up to several hundred meters; smaller bergs and iceberg fragments; sea ice (generally 0.5 to 1 m thick) z sometimes dynamic short-term variations and z large annual and interannual variations; deep continental shelf floored by glacial deposits varying widely over short distances; high winds and large waves much of the year; ship icing, especially maj-October; most of region is remote from sources of search and rescue huge icebergs z drafts up to several hundred meters; smaller bergs and iceberg fragments; sea ice (generally 0.5 to 1 meter thick) z sometimes dynamic short-term variations and z large annual and interannual variations; deep continental shelf floored by glacial deposits varying widely over short distances; high winds and large waves much of the year; ship icing, especially maj-October; most of region is remote from sources of search and rescue
Hiszpania Hiszpania periodic droughts periodic droughts
Wyspy Spratly Wyspy Spratly typhoons; numerous reefs and shoals pose a serious maritime hazard typhoons; numerous reefs and shoals pose a serious maritime hazard
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka occasional cyclones and tornadoes occasional cyclones and tornadoes
Sudan Sudan dust storms and periodic persistent droughts dust storms and periodic persistent droughts
Surinam Surinam NA NA
Svalbard Svalbard ice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point dla coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic ice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point dla coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic
Suazi Suazi drought drought
Szwecja Szwecja ice floes w the surrounding waters, especially w the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere z maritime traffic ice floes w the surrounding waters, especially w the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere z maritime traffic
Szwajcaria Szwajcaria avalanches, landslides, flash floods avalanches, landslides, flash floods
Syria Syria dust storms, sandstorms dust storms, sandstorms
Tajwan Tajwan earthquakes and typhoons earthquakes and typhoons
Tadzykistan Tadzykistan earthquakes and floods earthquakes and floods
Tanzania Tanzania flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought
Tajlandia Tajlandia land subsidence w Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts land subsidence w Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts
Timor Wschodni Timor Wschodni floods and landslides are common; earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones -
Togo Togo hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility w north during winter; periodic droughts hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility w north during winter; periodic droughts
Tokelau Tokelau lies w Pacific typhoon belt lies w Pacific typhoon belt
Tonga Tonga cyclones (pazdziernik to kwiecien); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou cyclones (pazdziernik to kwiecien); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou
Trynidad i Tobago Trynidad i Tobago outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms
Wyspa Tromelin Wyspa Tromelin - NA
Tunezja Tunezja NA NA
Turcja Turcja severe earthquakes, especially w northern Turcja, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van severe earthquakes, especially w northern Turcja, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan NA NA
Turks i Caicos Turks i Caicos frequent hurricanes frequent hurricanes
Tuvalu Tuvalu severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, w 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them sensitive to changes w sea level severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, w 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them sensitive to changes w sea level
Uganda Uganda NA NA
Ukraina Ukraina NA NA
Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie Zjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie frequent sand and dust storms frequent sand and dust storms
Wielka Brytania Wielka Brytania winter windstorms; floods winter windstorms; floods
Stany Zjednoczone Stany Zjednoczone tsunamis, volcanoes, and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Meksyk coasts; tornadoes w the midwest and southeast; mud slides w California; forest fires w the west; flooding; permafrost w northern Alaska, a major impediment to development tsunamis, volcanoes, and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Meksyk coasts; tornadoes w the midwest and southeast; mud slides w California; forest fires w the west; flooding; permafrost w northern Alaska, a major impediment to development
Stany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges Stany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges Baker, Howland, and Jarviss: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard


Kingman: wet or awash most of the time, maximum elevation of less than 1 m makes Kingman a maritime hazard


Midway, Johnston, and Palmyras: NA
Baker, Howland, and Jarviss: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard


Kingman: wet or awash most of the time, maximum elevation of less than 1 m makes Kingman a maritime hazard


Midway, Johnston, and Palmyras: NA
Urugwaj Urugwaj seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind that blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind that blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan NA NA
Vanuatu Vanuatu tropical cyclones or typhoons (styczen to kwiecien); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began 27 listopad 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis tropical cyclones or typhoons (styczen to kwiecien); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began 27 listopad 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis
Wenezuela Wenezuela subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts
Wietnam Wietnam occasional typhoons (maj to styczen) z extensive flooding, especially w the Mekong River delta occasional typhoons (maj to styczen) z extensive flooding, especially w the Mekong River delta
Wyspy Dziewicze Wyspy Dziewicze several hurricanes w recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes several hurricanes w recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes
Wake Wake occasional typhoons occasional typhoons
Wallis i Futuna Wallis i Futuna NA NA
Zachodni Brzeg Zachodni Brzeg droughts droughts
Sahara Zachodnia Sahara Zachodnia hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility
Swiat Swiat large areas subject to severe weather (tropical cyclones), natural disasters (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions) large areas subject to severe weather (tropical cyclones), natural disasters (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions)
Jemen Jemen sandstorms and dust storms w summer sandstorms and dust storms w summer
Zambia Zambia periodic drought, tropical storms (listopad to kwiecien) periodic drought, tropical storms (listopad to kwiecien)
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare
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