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Zachodni Brzeg (2007)

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Zachodni Brzeg 2007 roku

 Zachodni Brzeg
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 551,243/female 524,800)


15-64 years: 54.2% (male 704,209/female 670,382)


65 years and over: 3.4% (male 36,175/female 49,118) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 3 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 5,860 sq km


land: 5,640 sq km


water: 220 sq km


note: includes Zachodni Brzeg, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Izrael w 1967
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Izrael-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (the DOP), signed w Washington w wrzesien 1993, provided dla a transitional period of Palestinian interim self-government w the Gaza and the Zachodni Brzeg. A transfer of authority to the Palestinian Authority (PA) dla the Gaza and Jericho took place pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 4 maj 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza and the Jericho Terytorium and, w additional areas of the Zachodni Brzeg, pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 28 wrzesien 1995 Interim Agreement, the Izrael-PLO 15 styczen 1997 Protocol Concerning Redeployment w Hebron, the Izrael-PLO 23 pazdziernik 1998 Wye River Memorandum, and the 4 wrzesien 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. Direct negotiations to determine the permanent status of Gaza and the Zachodni Brzeg began w wrzesien 1999 after a three-year hiatus, but were derailed by a second intifadah that broke out a year later. In kwiecien 2003, the Quartet (US, EU, UN, and Rosja) presented a roadmap to a final settlement of the conflict by 2005 based on reciprocal steps by the two parties leading to two states, Izrael and a democratic Palestine. The proposed date dla a permanent status agreement has been postponed indefinitely due to violence and accusations that both sides have not followed through on their commitments. Following Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT's death w late 2004, Mahmud ABBAS was elected PA president w styczen 2005. A month later, Izrael and the PA agreed to the Sharm el-Sheikh Commitments w an effort to move the peace process forward. In wrzesien 2005, Izrael withdrew all its settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities w the Gaza and four northern Zachodni Brzeg settlements. Nonetheless, Izrael controls maritime, airspace, and most access to the Gaza. A listopad 2005 PA-Izraeli agreement authorized the reopening of the Rafah border crossing between the Gaza and Egipt under joint PA and Egiptian control. In styczen 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won control of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). The international community has refused to accept the HAMAS-led government because it does not recognize Izrael, will not renounce violence, and refuses to honor previous peace agreements between Izrael and the PA. Since marzec 2006, President ABBAS has had little success negotiating z HAMAS to present a political platform acceptable to the international community so as to lift the economic siege on Palestinians. The PLC was unable to convene w late 2006 as a result of Izrael's detention of many HAMAS PLC members and Izraeli-imposed travel restrictions on other PLC members.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 30.99 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.23 billion


expenditures: $1.64 billion (2005)
Klimat temperate; temperature and precipitation vary z altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Zachodni Brzeg
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.85 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Izrael continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the Zachodni Brzeg; Izrael withdrew from four settlements w the northern Zachodni Brzeg w sierpien 2005; since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), headquartered w Jerusalem, monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel w the region
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.102 billion; (includes Gaza) (2005)
Ekonomia The Zachodni Brzeg - the larger of the two areas under the Palestinian Authority (PA) - has experienced a general decline w economic conditions since the second intifadah began w wrzesien 2000. The downturn has been largely the result of Izraeli closure policies - the imposition of border closures w response to security incidents w Izrael - which disrupted labor and trading relationships. In 2001, and even more severely w 2002, Izraeli military measures w PA areas resulted w the destruction of capital, the disruption of administrative structures, and widespread business closures. International aid of at least $1.14 billion to the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza w 2004 prevented the complete collapse of the economy and allowed some reforms w the government's financial operations. In 2005, high unemployment and limited trade opportunities - due to continued closures both within the Zachodni Brzeg and externally - stymied growth. Izrael's and the international community's financial embargo of the PA since HAMAS took office w marzec 2006 has interrupted the provision of PA social services and the payment of PA salaries.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh; note - most electricity imported from Izrael; East Jerusalem Electric Company buys and distributes electricity to Palestinians w East Jerusalem and its concession w the Zachodni Brzeg; the Izrael Electric Company directly supplies electricity to most Jewish residents and military facilities; some Palestinian municipalities, such as Nablus and Janin, generate their own electricity from small power plants
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m


highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment
Grupy etniczne Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.4565 (2006), 4.4877 (2005), 4.482 (2004), 4.5541 (2003), 4.7378 (2002)
Eksport $301 million f.o.b.; (includes Gaza) (2005)
Eksport - towary olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
Eksport - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8%


industry: 18.2%


services: 73.9% (includes Gaza) (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.9% (includes Gaza) (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 32 00 N, 35 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; highlands are main recharge area dla Izrael's coastal aquifers; there are 242 Zachodni Brzeg settlements and 29 East Jerusalem settlements w addition to at least 20 occupied outposts (sierpien 2005 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import NA kWh
Import $2.44 billion c.i.f.; (includes Gaza) (2005)
Import - towary food, consumer goods, construction materials
Import - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2006)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.4% (includes Gaza) (2005)
Przemysl generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Izraelis have established some small-scale, modern industries w the settlements and industrial centers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.67 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 20.59 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 16.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.9% (includes Gaza) (2005)
Nawadniane tereny 150 sq km; note - includes Gaza (2003)
Sila robocza 568,000 (2005)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 16%


industry: 29%


services: 55% (2005)
Granica total: 404 km


border countries: Izrael 307 km, Jordania 97 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.9%


permanent crops: 18.97%


other: 64.13% (2001)
Jezyki Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Izraeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Zywotnosc total population: 73.46 years


male: 71.68 years


female: 75.35 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.4%


male: 96.7%


female: 88% (2004 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, west of Jordania
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Narodowosc noun: NA


adjective: NA
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts
Surowce naturalne arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Ludnosc 2,535,927


note: w addition, there are about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 45.7% (2005)
Przyrost naturalny 2.985% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 8, shortwave 0 (2005)
Religie Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.736 male(s)/female


total population: 1.038 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: Izraeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible dla fixed line services w the Gaza; the Palestinian JAWAL company provides cellular services


international: country code - 970 (2004)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 349,000 (includes Gaza) (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 1.095 million (includes Gaza) (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 8 (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation w west, but barren w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.17 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 20.3% (includes Gaza) (2005)
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