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Zachodni Brzeg (2004)

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Zachodni Brzeg 2004 roku

 Zachodni Brzeg
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.8% (male 518,470; female 493,531)


15-64 years: 52.8% (male 623,785; female 595,376)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 34,226; female 45,816) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 3 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 5,860 sq km


land: 5,640 sq km


water: 220 sq km


note: includes Zachodni Brzeg, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Izrael w 1967
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Izrael-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (the DOP), signed w Washington on 13 wrzesien 1993, provided dla a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government w the Gaza and the Zachodni Brzeg. Under the DOP, Izrael agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, which includes the Palestinian Legislative Council elected w styczen 1996, as part of the interim self-governing arrangements w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. A transfer of powers and responsibilities dla the Gaza and Jericho took place pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 4 maj 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza and the Jericho Terytorium and w additional areas of the Zachodni Brzeg pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 28 wrzesien 1995 Interim Agreement, the Izrael-PLO 15 styczen 1997 Protocol Concerning Redeployment w Hebron, the Izrael-PLO 23 pazdziernik 1998 Wye River Memorandum, and the 4 wrzesien 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. The DOP provides that Izrael will retain responsibility during the transitional period dla external and internal security and dla public order of settlements and Izraeli citizens. Direct negotiations to determine the permanent status of Gaza and Zachodni Brzeg that began w wrzesien 1999 after a three-year hiatus, were derailed by a second intifadah that broke out w wrzesien 2000. The resulting widespread violence w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza, Izrael's military response, and instability within the Palestinian Authority continue to undermine progress toward a permanent agreement. Following the death of longtime Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT w listopad 2004, the election of his successor Mahmud ABBAS w styczen 2005 could bring a turning point w the conflict.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 33.21 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $676.6 million


expenditures: $1.155 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (includes Gaza) (2003 est.)
Klimat temperate; temperature and precipitation vary z altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Zachodni Brzeg
Waluta new Izraeli shekel (ILS); Jordaniaian dinar (JOD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.07 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $108 million (includes Gaza) (1997 est.)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $2 billion (includes Gaza) (2001-02 est.)
Ekonomia Real per capita Produkt krajowy brutto dla the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza (WBGS) declined by about one-third between 1992 and 1996 due to the combined effect of falling aggregate incomes and rapid population growth. The downturn w economic activity was largely the result of Izraeli closure policies - the imposition of border closures w response to security incidents w Izrael - which disrupted labor and commodity market relationships between Izrael and the WBGS. The most serious social effect of this downturn was rising unemployment, which w the WBGS during the 1980s was generally under 5%; by 1995 it had risen to over 20%. Izrael's use of comprehensive closures during the next three years decreased and, w 1998, Izrael implemented new policies to reduce the impact of closures and other security procedures on the movement of Palestinian goods and labor. These changes fueled an almost three-year-long economic recovery w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; real Produkt krajowy brutto grew by 5% w 1998 and 6% w 1999. Recovery was upended w the last quarter of 2000 z the outbreak of violence, which triggered tight Izraeli closures of Palestinian self-rule areas and severely disrupted trade and labor movements. In 2001, and even more severely w 2002, Izraeli military measures w Palestinian Authority areas resulted w the destruction of much capital plant and administrative structure, widespread business closures, and a sharp drop w Produkt krajowy brutto. Including Gaza, the UN estimates that more than 100,000 Palestinians out of the 125,000 who used to work w Izrael, w Izraeli settlements, or w joint industrial zones have lost their jobs. In addition, about 80,000 Palestinian workers inside the Territories are losing their jobs. International aid of $2 billion w 2001-02 to the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza prevented the complete collapse of the economy. In 2004, on-going border issues and the death of Yasser ARAFAT continued to complicate the economic situation.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh; note - most electricity imported from Izrael; East Jerusalem Electric Company buys and distributes electricity to Palestinians w East Jerusalem and its concession w the Zachodni Brzeg; the Izrael Electric Company directly supplies electricity to most Jewish residents and military facilities; some Palestinian municipalities, such as Nablus and Janin, generate their own electricity from small power plants
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m


highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment
Grupy etniczne Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.5541 (2003), 4.7378 (2002), 4.2057 (2001), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397 (1999); Jordaniaian dinars per US dollar - fixed rate of 0.7090 (from 1996)
Eksport $603 million f.o.b., includes Gaza
Eksport - towary olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
Eksport - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy (since 1 styczen 1992)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $1.7 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 9%


industry: 28%


services: 63%


note: includes Gaza (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $800 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -22% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 32 00 N, 35 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; highlands are main recharge area dla Izrael's coastal aquifers; there are 244 Zachodni Brzeg settlements and 29 East Jerusalem settlements w addition to at least 20 occupied outposts(sierpien 2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 4,500 km


paved: 2,700 km


unpaved: 1,800 km


note: Izraelis have developed many highways to service Jewish settlements (1997 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Import NA kWh
Import $1.9 billion c.i.f., includes Gaza
Import - towary food, consumer goods, construction materials
Import - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2000)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Izraelis have established some small-scale, modern industries w the settlements and industrial centers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 20.16 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 22.28 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 17.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 2.2% (includes Gaza) (2001 est.)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 13%, industry 21%, services 66% (1996)
Granica total: 404 km


border countries: Izrael 307 km, Jordania 97 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.9%


permanent crops: 18.97%


other: 64.13% (2001)
Jezyki Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Izraeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Zywotnosc total population: 72.88 years


male: 71.14 years


female: 74.72 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA


total population: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Lokalizacja Middle East, west of Jordania
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) NA
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Narodowosc noun: NA


adjective: NA
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts
Surowce naturalne arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Ludnosc 2,311,204


note: w addition, there are about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 60% (2003 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 3.21% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie none
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0


note: the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation broadcasts from an AM station w Ramallah on 675 kHz; numerous local, private stations are reported to be w operation (2000)
Religie Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female


total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: NA


international: NA


note: Izraeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible dla communication services w the Zachodni Brzeg
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 301,600 (total dla Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza) (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 480,000 (cellular subscribers w both Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza) (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation w west, but barren w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.52 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 50% (includes Gaza) (2002 est.)
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