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Zachodni Brzeg (2003)

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Zachodni Brzeg 2003 roku

 Zachodni Brzeg
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 44.1% (male 505,880; female 481,369)

15-64 years: 52.4% (male 598,992; female 572,511)

65 years and over: 3.5% (male 33,688; female 44,754) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 3 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Terytorium total: 5,860 sq km

land: 5,640 sq km

water: 220 sq km

note: includes Zachodni Brzeg, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Izrael w 1967
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Izrael-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (the DOP), signed w Washington on 13 wrzesien 1993, provided dla a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government w the Gaza and the Zachodni Brzeg. Under the DOP, Izrael agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, which includes the Palestinian Legislative Council elected w styczen 1996, as part of the interim self-governing arrangements w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. A transfer of powers and responsibilities dla the Gaza and Jericho took place pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 4 maj 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza and the Jericho Terytorium and w additional areas of the Zachodni Brzeg pursuant to the Izrael-PLO 28 wrzesien 1995 Interim Agreement, the Izrael-PLO 15 styczen 1997 Protocol Concerning Redeployment w Hebron, the Izrael-PLO 23 pazdziernik 1998 Wye River Memorandum, and the 4 wrzesien 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. The DOP provides that Izrael will retain responsibility during the transitional period dla external security and dla internal security and public order of settlements and Izraeli citizens. Direct negotiations to determine the permanent status of Gaza and Zachodni Brzeg had begun w wrzesien 1999 after a three-year hiatus, but have been derailed by a second intifadah that broke out w wrzesien 2000. The resulting widespread violence w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza, Izrael's military response, and instability within the Palestinian Authority continue to undermine progress toward a permanent agreement.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 34.07 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $930 million

expenditures: $1.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $15 million

note: includes Gaza (2000 est.)
Klimat temperate; temperature and precipitation vary z altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Zachodni Brzeg
Waluta new Izraeli shekel (ILS); Jordaniaian dinar (JOD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.16 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $108 million (includes Gaza) (1997 est.)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $800 million (includes Gaza) (2001 est.)
Ekonomia Real per capita Produkt krajowy brutto dla the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza (WBGS) declined by about one-third between 1992 and 1996 due to the combined effect of falling aggregate incomes and rapid population growth. The downturn w economic activity was largely the result of Izraeli closure policies - the imposition of border closures w response to security incidents w Izrael - which disrupted labor and commodity market relationships between Izrael and the WBGS. The most serious social effect of this downturn was rising unemployment; unemployment w the WBGS during the 1980s was generally under 5%; by 1995 it had risen to over 20%. Izrael's use of comprehensive closures during the next five years decreased and, w 1998, Izrael implemented new policies to reduce the impact of closures and other security procedures on the movement of Palestinian goods and labor. These changes fueled an almost three-year-long economic recovery w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; real Produkt krajowy brutto grew by 5% w 1998 and 6% w 1999. Recovery was upended w the last quarter of 2000 z the outbreak of violence, which triggered tight Izraeli closures of Palestinian self-rule areas and severely disrupted trade and labor movements. In 2001, and even more severely w 2002, Izraeli military measures w Palestinian Authority areas have resulted w the destruction of much capital plant and administrative structure, widespread business closures, and a sharp drop w Produkt krajowy brutto. Another major loss has been the decline w earnings of Palestinian workers w Izrael. International aid of $2 billion w 2001-02 to the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza have prevented the complete collapse of the economy.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - import NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh; note - most electricity imported from Izrael; East Jerusalem Electric Company buys and distributes electricity to Palestinians w East Jerusalem and its concession w the Zachodni Brzeg; the Izrael Electric Company directly supplies electricity to most Jewish residents and military facilities; some Palestinian municipalities, such as Nablus and Janin, generate their own electricity from small power plants
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0%
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m

highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy adequacy of fresh water supply; sewage treatment
Grupy etniczne Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.7378 (2002), 4.2057 (2001), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397 (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494 (1997); Jordaniaian dinars per US dollar - fixed rate of 0.7090 (from 1996)
Eksport $603 million f.o.b., includes Gaza
Eksport - towary olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
Eksport - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy (since 1 styczen 1992)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $1.7 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 9%

industry: 28%

services: 63%

note: includes Gaza (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $800 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -22% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 32 00 N, 35 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; highlands are main recharge area dla Izrael's coastal aquifers; there are 242 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Zachodni Brzeg and 29 w East Jerusalem (luty 2002 est.)
Autostrady total: 4,500 km

paved: 2,700 km

unpaved: 1,800 km

note: Izraelis have developed many highways to service Jewish settlements (1997 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import NA kWh
Import $1.9 billion c.i.f., includes Gaza
Import - towary food, consumer goods, construction materials
Import - partnerzy Izrael, Jordania, Gaza (2000)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Izraelis have established some small-scale, modern industries w the settlements and industrial centers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 20.68 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 22.86 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 18.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 2.2% (includes Gaza) (2001 est.)
Dostawcy internetu 8 (1999)
Nawadniane tereny NA sq km
Sila robocza NA
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki services 66%, industry 21%, agriculture 13% (1996)
Granica total: 404 km

border countries: Izrael 307 km, Jordania 97 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: NEGL%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Izraeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Zywotnosc total population: 72.68 years

male: 70.95 years

female: 74.51 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Lokalizacja Middle East, west of Jordania
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $NA
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA%
Narodowosc noun: NA

adjective: NA
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts
Surowce naturalne arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 3.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Ludnosc 2,237,194 (lipiec 2002 est.)

note: w addition, there are about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (luty 2002 est.) (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 60% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 3.3% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie none
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0

note: the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation broadcasts from an AM station w Ramallah on 675 kHz; numerous local, private stations are reported to be w operation (2000)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female

total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: NA

note: Izraeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible dla communication services w the Zachodni Brzeg
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 95,729 (total dla Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza) (1997)
Telefony komorkowe NA
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation w west, but barren w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.65 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 50% (includes Gaza) (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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